In Vitro Fertilization (IVF ‘Test tube Baby’) – A Growing Hope
What is In vitro fertilization (IVF)?
In vitro fertilization (IVF) is a process by which an egg is fertilized by sperm outside the body: in vitro (“in glass”).
The process involves monitoring and stimulating a woman’s ovulatory process, removing an ovum or ova (egg or eggs) from the woman’s ovaries and letting sperm fertilize them in a liquid in a laboratory. The fertilized egg (zygote) is cultured for 2–6 days in a growth medium and is then implanted in the same or another woman’s uterus, with the intention of establishing a successful pregnancy.
IVF can be used to treat infertility in following situations of patients
- Blocked or damaged fallopian tubes
- Male factor infertility including decreased sperm count or sperm motility
- Women with ovulation disorders, premature ovarian failure, uterine fibroids
- Women who have had their fallopian tubes removed
- Individuals with a genetic disorder
- Unexplained infertility
“The longer you wait for something, the more you’ll appreciate it when you get it. Because anything worth having is definitely worth waiting for.” — Anonymous