Marengo CIMS Hospital is dedicated to providing comprehensive healthcare services and fostering patient well-being. As part of our commitment to patient education, we have developed the Marengo CIMS Hospital Medical Encyclopedia—an invaluable online resource designed to empower patients with knowledge about various medical conditions, treatments, and preventive measures. This encyclopedia serves as a trusted and accessible repository of medical information, allowing patients to make informed decisions regarding their health and collaborate more effectively with healthcare professionals.


Vulvar cancer is a rare but serious form of cancer that affects the external genitalia of women. In India, where women’s health is of utmost importance, it is crucial to raise awareness about this condition. This article aims to provide a comprehensive understanding of vulvar cancer in the context of India, including its signs and symptoms, classification, causes, risk factors, types, diagnostic tests, treatments, complications, and prevention techniques, explained in simple, layman’s terms.


What is Vulvar Cancer?

Vulvar cancer refers to the abnormal growth of cancerous cells in the tissues of the vulva, which includes the outer lips (labia majora and labia minora), clitoris, vaginal opening, and the area surrounding the opening. It is important to note that not all vulvar abnormalities are cancerous, but early detection and timely treatment are crucial for better outcomes.


Signs and Symptoms of Vulvar Cancer:

The signs and symptoms of vulvar cancer can vary from person to person. Some common indications may include:

  • Persistent Itching: Unexplained, persistent itching in the vulvar area that does not respond to usual remedies or treatments.
  • Pain or Tenderness: Persistent pain, tenderness, or discomfort in the vulvar region, often accompanied by a burning sensation.
  • Changes in Skin Color or Texture: The appearance of white, red, or darker patches on the vulva, thickened or raised skin, or the presence of ulcers or sores.
  • Lump or Mass: The presence of a lump, mass, or growth in the vulvar area, which may or may not be painful.

What is Vulvar Cancer Classified?

Vulvar cancer is classified based on the type of cells involved and their appearance under a microscope:

  • Squamous Cell Carcinoma: This is the most common type of vulvar cancer, accounting for approximately 90% of cases. It develops from the thin, flat cells that line the vulva.
  • Adenocarcinoma: Adenocarcinoma of the vulva originates from the glandular cells of the vulva and is less common than squamous cell carcinoma.


Causes and Triggers of Vulvar Cancer:

The exact causes of vulvar cancer are not fully understood. However, certain factors can increase the risk of developing the disease:

  • Human Papillomavirus (HPV) Infection: Certain strains of HPV, a sexually transmitted infection, can increase the risk of vulvar cancer. Routine HPV vaccination can significantly reduce the risk.
  • Age and Hormonal Changes: Older age, especially after menopause, increases the risk of developing vulvar cancer. Changes in hormone levels during menopause may contribute to the development of the disease.


Risk Factors of Vulvar Cancer:

Several risk factors may increase the likelihood of developing vulvar cancer. Examples of these risk factors include:

  • HPV Infection: Long-term infection with high-risk strains of HPV increases the risk of developing vulvar cancer.
  • Smoking: Smoking tobacco increases the risk of various types of cancer, including vulvar cancer.
  • Chronic Vulvar Skin Conditions: Certain chronic skin conditions, such as lichen sclerosus or lichen planus, increase the risk of developing vulvar cancer.

Types of Vulvar Cancer:

  • Squamous Cell Carcinoma: This is the most common type of vulvar cancer, which originates from the flat cells on the surface of the vulva.
  • Adenocarcinoma: Adenocarcinoma of the vulva is less common and develops from the glandular cells in the vulva.


Diagnostic Tests and Treatments:

  • Physical Examination: A healthcare provider will conduct a thorough physical examination, including a pelvic examination, to assess any abnormal changes in the vulvar area.
  • Biopsy: If suspicious areas are identified during the physical examination, a biopsy may be performed to collect a small tissue sample for further examination under a microscope to confirm the presence of cancerous cells.
  • Imaging Tests: Imaging tests, such as CT scans, MRI, or PET scans, may be ordered to determine the extent of cancer and if it has spread to other parts of the body.
  • Surgery: The primary treatment for vulvar cancer is surgery, which involves removing the cancerous tissue. The extent of surgery depends on the size and location of the tumor.
  • Radiation Therapy: Radiation therapy uses high-energy X-rays to kill cancer cells and may be recommended before or after surgery to destroy any remaining cancer cells.
  • Chemotherapy: Chemotherapy involves the use of drugs to kill cancer cells and may be used in combination with surgery or radiation therapy for advanced or recurrent cases of vulvar cancer.


Complications and Prevention Techniques:

Complications associated with vulvar cancer may include the spread of cancer to nearby tissues, recurrence, and side effects of treatments. To reduce the risk of complications and promote early detection, individuals can:

  • Practice Safe Sexual Behavior: Using barrier methods such as condoms and practicing monogamy can reduce the risk of HPV infection, a significant risk factor for vulvar cancer.
  • Vaccination: Routine HPV vaccination is recommended for adolescents and young adults to prevent HPV infection and reduce the risk of developing vulvar cancer.
  • Self-Examination: Regular self-examinations of the vulvar area can help identify any changes or abnormalities, allowing for early detection and timely medical intervention.


Vulvar cancer is a relatively rare but significant form of cancer that affects the external genitalia of women. In India, where women’s health is of utmost importance, Marengo Asia Hospitals  has emerged as a leading healthcare provider in offering comprehensive care for patients with vulvar cancer. This article explores how Marengo Asia Hospitals  effectively handles patients with vulvar cancer, showcasing their expertise, state-of-the-art facilities, and patient-centric approach.


Specialized Expertise:

Marengo Asia Hospitals  comprises a team of highly skilled medical professionals specializing in gynecologic oncology and vulvar cancer treatment. These experts have extensive experience and knowledge in diagnosing and managing vulvar cancer. Their expertise ensures accurate diagnoses, personalized treatment plans, and comprehensive care for patients with this condition.


State-of-the-Art Facilities:

Marengo Asia Hospitals  is equipped with state-of-the-art facilities that play a crucial role in diagnosing and treating vulvar cancer. These hospitals feature advanced imaging technologies, such as MRI and PET-CT scans, which aid in precise visualization and staging of the cancer. Additionally, they offer modern operating theaters with advanced surgical equipment, ensuring optimal surgical outcomes.


Patient-Centric Approach:

At Marengo Asia Hospitals , patient well-being and comfort are prioritized throughout the treatment journey. The hospitals adopt a patient-centric approach, providing compassionate care, emotional support, and personalized attention to each patient. The medical professionals take the time to thoroughly explain the condition, treatment options, and potential outcomes, empowering patients and their families to make informed decisions about their healthcare.


Multidisciplinary Care:

Marengo Asia Hospitals  follows a multidisciplinary approach to provide comprehensive care for patients with vulvar cancer. Gynecologic oncologists, radiation oncologists, pathologists, and other healthcare professionals collaborate closely to develop individualized treatment plans based on the specific needs of each patient. This collaborative effort ensures that all aspects of patient care, from diagnosis to treatment and follow-up, are meticulously addressed.


Advanced Treatment Options:

Marengo Asia Hospitals  offers a wide range of advanced treatment options for vulvar cancer. The choice of treatment depends on various factors, including the stage and extent of the cancer. Treatment options may include:

  • Surgery: Surgery is the primary treatment for vulvar cancer. The surgical procedure may involve removing the cancerous tissue, nearby lymph nodes, and reconstructive procedures to preserve the function and aesthetics of the vulva.
  • Radiation Therapy: Radiation therapy may be used as a standalone treatment or in combination with surgery to target and destroy cancer cells. It can be delivered externally or internally (brachytherapy) based on the specific case.
  • Chemotherapy: Chemotherapy involves the use of drugs to kill cancer cells. It may be recommended before or after surgery or used in advanced cases to target cancer cells that may have spread to other parts of the body.


Supportive Care and Rehabilitation:

Marengo Asia Hospitals  places great importance on supportive care and rehabilitation for patients with vulvar cancer. This includes providing pain management, counseling services, support groups, and guidance on post-treatment recovery and rehabilitation. The hospitals aim to improve the quality of life for patients by addressing their physical, emotional, and psychological needs.


Follow-Up Care and Surveillance:

After treatment, Marengo Asia Hospitals ensures comprehensive follow-up care and surveillance for patients with vulvar cancer. Regular check-ups, imaging tests, and monitoring are conducted to detect any signs of recurrence or complications. The hospitals provide ongoing support, education, and guidance to help patients maintain their health and well-being.

Marengo Asia Hospitals  in India is dedicated to providing specialized and comprehensive care for patients with vulvar cancer. With their specialized expertise, state-of-the-art facilities, patient-centric approach, multidisciplinary care, advanced treatment options, supportive care, and follow-up surveillance, the hospitals ensure the best possible outcomes for patients.


Contact Us

Marengo CIMS Hospital
Off Science City Road, Sola, Ahmedabad – 380060
Gujarat, INDIA

24×7 Helpline +91 70 69 00 00 00
Phone: 079 4805 1200 or 1008
+91 79 2771 2771 or 72
Fax: +91 79 2771 2770
Mobile: +91 98250 66664 or +91 98250 66668
Ambulance: +91 98244 50000