Vaginal Cancer

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Vaginal cancer is a relatively rare form of cancer that affects the vaginal tissues in women. While it may not be as well-known as other types of cancer, it is essential to shed light on this condition to promote early detection and effective treatment. This article aims to provide a comprehensive understanding of vaginal cancer in the context of India, including its signs and symptoms, classification, causes, risk factors, types, diagnostic tests, treatments, complications, and prevention techniques.

What is Vaginal Cancer?

Vaginal cancer refers to the abnormal growth of cancerous cells in the tissues of the vagina. The vagina is the muscular canal that connects the uterus to the external genitals. Vaginal cancer is categorized based on the type of cells from which it originates, which influences its treatment and prognosis.

Signs and Symptoms of Vaginal Cancer:

The signs and symptoms of vaginal cancer can vary, and some women may not experience any symptoms in the early stages. However, common signs and symptoms may include:

  • Abnormal Vaginal Bleeding: Unusual bleeding, such as bleeding after intercourse, between periods, or after menopause, can be an indication of vaginal cancer.
  • Vaginal Discharge: Persistent, watery, or blood-tinged discharge that is unrelated to menstruation or any other known causes should be evaluated by a healthcare professional.
  • Pelvic Pain: Women with vaginal cancer may experience persistent pain in the pelvic region, especially during intercourse or while urinating.
  • Painful Urination: Vaginal cancer can cause discomfort or a burning sensation during urination.

What is Vaginal Cancer Classified?

Vaginal cancer is classified based on the type of cells involved:

  • Squamous Cell Carcinoma: This is the most common type of vaginal cancer, originating from the thin, flat cells lining the surface of the vagina.
  • Adenocarcinoma: Adenocarcinoma develops in the glandular cells of the vagina, which produce mucus and other fluids.
  • Squamous Cell Carcinoma and Adenocarcinoma Combination: In some cases, vaginal cancer can involve both squamous cell and adenocarcinoma components.

Causes and Triggers of Vaginal Cancer:

The exact causes of vaginal cancer are not fully understood. However, several factors are believed to contribute to its development, including:

  • Human Papillomavirus (HPV) Infection: Certain strains of HPV, a sexually transmitted infection, can increase the risk of developing vaginal cancer.
  • Age: Vaginal cancer is more likely to occur in women over the age of 60.
  • History of Cervical Cancer: Women who have previously had cervical cancer may have an increased risk of developing vaginal cancer.

Risk Factors of Vaginal Cancer:

Certain factors can increase the risk of developing vaginal cancer. Examples of these risk factors include:

  • HPV Infection: Engaging in sexual activity with partners who have HPV or having multiple sexual partners can increase the risk.
  • Smoking: Long-term smoking is associated with an increased risk of vaginal cancer.
  • Weakened Immune System: Women with weakened immune systems, such as those with HIV/AIDS or those who have undergone organ transplantation, have a higher risk of developing vaginal cancer.

Types of Vaginal Cancer:

  • Primary Vaginal Cancer: This type of vaginal cancer originates in the vaginal tissues.
  • Secondary Vaginal Cancer: Secondary vaginal cancer occurs when cancer spreads to the vagina from nearby organs, such as the cervix, uterus, or ovaries.

Diagnostic Tests and Treatments:

  • Pap Test: A Pap test involves collecting cells from the cervix and vagina to detect any abnormal changes or signs of cancer.
  • Biopsy: If abnormal cells are found during a Pap test or a physical examination, a biopsy may be performed. During a biopsy, a small sample of tissue is collected from the vagina or suspected area and examined under a microscope for cancerous cells.
  • Imaging Tests: Imaging tests such as CT scans, MRI scans, or ultrasound may be used to determine the extent of cancer and if it has spread to other parts of the body.

Treatment options for vaginal cancer depend on the stage and type of cancer but may include surgery, radiation therapy, and chemotherapy. The specific treatment plan is tailored to each individual’s needs and preferences.

Complications and Prevention Techniques:

Vaginal cancer and its treatments can pose potential complications, including sexual dysfunction, lymphedema (swelling), and bowel or bladder problems. However, these complications can be managed with appropriate medical care and support.

Prevention techniques for vaginal cancer include:

  • HPV Vaccination: Getting vaccinated against HPV can reduce the risk of developing vaginal cancer and other HPV-related cancers. 
  • Safe Sexual Practices: Practicing safe sex, including using barrier methods such as condoms, can help reduce the risk of HPV infection.

Vaginal cancer is a complex and challenging condition that requires specialized care. In India, Marengo Asia Hospitals has established itself as a leader in providing comprehensive and compassionate treatment for patients with vaginal cancer. This article explores how Marengo Asia Hospitals  effectively handles patients with vaginal cancer, showcasing their expertise, state-of-the-art facilities, and patient-centric approach

Specialized Expertise:

Marengo Asia Hospitals  prides itself on having a team of highly skilled and experienced medical professionals specializing in gynecologic oncology. These experts possess in-depth knowledge of vaginal cancer, its diagnosis, and various treatment modalities. Their expertise enables them to provide accurate diagnoses, personalized treatment plans, and ongoing support throughout the patient’s journey.

State-of-the-Art Facilities:

Marengo Asia Hospitals  is equipped with state-of-the-art facilities that play a pivotal role in the diagnosis and treatment of vaginal cancer. These hospitals feature advanced imaging technology, such as MRI and CT scanners, which provide detailed images of the pelvic area, aiding in the accurate staging and evaluation of the disease. Additionally, the hospitals have modern operating theaters and radiation therapy units that facilitate advanced surgical and radiation treatments.

Patient-Centric Approach:

At Marengo Asia Hospitals , patient well-being is at the forefront of care. The hospitals employ a patient-centric approach, ensuring that each patient receives personalized attention, emotional support, and comprehensive care throughout their treatment journey. The medical professionals take the time to explain the diagnosis, treatment options, and potential side effects, empowering patients to make informed decisions about their healthcare.

Multidisciplinary Care:

Marengo Asia Hospitals  follows a multidisciplinary approach when handling patients with vaginal cancer. This involves collaboration between gynecologic oncologists, radiation oncologists, medical oncologists, pathologists, and other healthcare professionals. By working together, these specialists develop comprehensive treatment plans tailored to each patient’s specific condition, ensuring the best possible outcomes.

Advanced Treatment Options:

Marengo Asia Hospitals  offers a wide range of advanced treatment options for vaginal cancer. These include surgery, radiation therapy, chemotherapy, and targeted therapies. The hospitals employ minimally invasive surgical techniques whenever possible to minimize discomfort and promote faster recovery. The selection of treatment modality depends on the stage and type of vaginal cancer, as well as the patient’s overall health and preferences.

Supportive Care and Rehabilitation:

In addition to the primary treatment modalities, Marengo Asia Hospitals provides comprehensive supportive care and rehabilitation services to enhance the overall well-being of patients with vaginal cancer. This includes pain management, nutritional support, psychological counseling, and physical therapy. The hospitals understand the importance of addressing the holistic needs of patients to promote their physical and emotional healing.

Continual Research and Innovation:

Marengo Asia Hospitals  is actively involved in research and innovation to further advance the field of gynecologic oncology, including vaginal cancer. The hospitals participate in clinical trials and collaborate with leading research institutions to contribute to the development of new treatment options and improve patient outcomes. By staying at the forefront of medical advancements, the hospitals ensure that patients receive the most advanced and effective care available.

Marengo Asia Hospitals  in India stands as a beacon of hope for patients with vaginal cancer, providing them with comprehensive care, cutting-edge technology, and a patient-centric approach. Through their specialized expertise, state-of-the-art facilities, multidisciplinary care, advanced treatment options, supportive services, and continual research and innovation, the hospitals demonstrate their commitment to improving outcomes for individuals affected by vaginal cancer.


Contact Us

Marengo CIMS Hospital
Off Science City Road, Sola, Ahmedabad – 380060
Gujarat, INDIA

24×7 Helpline +91 70 69 00 00 00
Phone: 079 4805 1200 or 1008
+91 79 2771 2771 or 72
Fax: +91 79 2771 2770
Mobile: +91 98250 66664 or +91 98250 66668
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