Marengo CIMS Hospital is dedicated to providing comprehensive healthcare services and fostering patient well-being. As part of our commitment to patient education, we have developed the Marengo CIMS Hospital Medical Encyclopedia—an invaluable online resource designed to empower patients with knowledge about various medical conditions, treatments, and preventive measures. This encyclopedia serves as a trusted and accessible repository of medical information, allowing patients to make informed decisions regarding their health and collaborate more effectively with healthcare professionals.


Uterine fibroids are a common medical condition that affects many women in India. They are non-cancerous growths that develop in or around the uterus. While fibroids can occur in women of any age, they are most commonly diagnosed in women between the ages of 30 and 50. In this article, we will delve into the details of uterine fibroids, including their signs and symptoms, classification, causes, risk factors, types, diagnostic tests, treatment options, complications, and prevention techniques, all explained in simple terms for better understanding.

What Are Uterine Fibroids :

Uterine fibroids, also known as leiomyomas, are benign tumors that originate from the smooth muscle tissue of the uterus. They can vary in size, ranging from small, undetectable growths to large masses that can distort the shape of the uterus. Fibroids can develop within the uterine walls, project into the uterine cavity, or extend outside the uterus.

Signs and Symptoms of Uterine Fibroids:

The symptoms of uterine fibroids can vary depending on their size, location, and number. Some common signs and symptoms include: 

  • Heavy or prolonged menstrual bleeding.
  • Pelvic pain or pressure.
  • Frequent urination.
  • Difficulty emptying the bladder.
  • Constipation or bloating.
  • Backache or leg pain.
  • Enlarged abdomen.
  • Painful sexual intercourse.

Classification of Uterine Fibroids:

Uterine fibroids can be classified based on their location within the uterus. The three main types are:

  • Intramural Fibroids: These fibroids develop within the muscular wall of the uterus and are the most common type.
  • Submucosal Fibroids: These fibroids grow just below the lining of the uterus and can cause heavy menstrual bleeding and fertility issues.
  • Subserosal Fibroids: These fibroids project outside the uterus and may cause pressure on surrounding organs.

Causes and Triggers of Uterine Fibroids:

The exact cause of uterine fibroids is unknown, but certain factors are believed to contribute to their development. These include hormonal imbalances, genetic predisposition, estrogen dominance, and other growth factors. Although the precise triggers are unclear, certain risk factors have been identified.

Risk Factors for Uterine Fibroids:

Several factors can increase the risk of developing uterine fibroids. These include:

  • Family history: Having a close relative with fibroids increases the likelihood of developing them.
  • Age: Fibroids are more likely to occur during the reproductive years.
  • Ethnicity: Women of African descent have a higher risk compared to other ethnic groups.
  • Obesity: Being overweight or obese increases the risk of fibroids.
  • Hormonal imbalances: Estrogen and progesterone imbalances can contribute to fibroid growth.
  • Nulliparity: Women who have not given birth are at a higher risk.
  • Diet: A diet high in red meat and low in fruits and vegetables may increase the risk.

Types of Uterine Fibroids:

  • Pedunculated Fibroids: These fibroids are attached to the uterus by a stalk or peduncle.
  • Intracavitary Fibroids: Fibroids that grow inside the uterine cavity.
  • Calcified Fibroids: Fibroids that contain calcium deposits and can cause pain and discomfort.
  • Cervical Fibroids: Fibroids that develop in the cervix.
  • Multiple Fibroids: When a woman has more than one fibroid, they are referred to as multiple fibroids.

Diagnostic Tests and Treatment Options:

To diagnose uterine fibroids, healthcare providers may use the following diagnostic tests:

  • Pelvic Examination: A physical examination to detect the presence, size, and position of fibroids.
  • Ultrasound: This imaging technique uses sound waves to create pictures of the uterus and fibroids.
  • MRI (Magnetic Resonance Imaging): A more detailed imaging technique that provides information about the size, location, and blood flow to fibroids.
  • Hysteroscopy: A procedure that uses a thin, lighted tube inserted through the cervix to examine the inside of the uterus.
  • Endometrial Biopsy: A small tissue sample is taken from the lining of the uterus to rule out other conditions.

 Treatment options for uterine fibroids include:

  •  Watchful Waiting: Monitoring fibroids for changes and managing symptoms without immediate intervention.
  • Medications: Hormonal medications, such as birth control pills or GnRH agonists, can help manage symptoms and shrink fibroids.
  • Minimally Invasive Procedures: Procedures like uterine artery embolization, myomectomy, and focused ultrasound surgery can remove or shrink fibroids.
  • Hysterectomy: In severe cases or when fertility is not a concern, the surgical removal of the uterus may be recommended.

Complications and Prevention Techniques:

Complications from uterine fibroids can include anemia, infertility, and complications during pregnancy or labor. While it is not always possible to prevent fibroids, adopting a healthy lifestyle, maintaining a balanced diet, managing weight, and regular exercise may help reduce the risk or manage symptoms.

 Marengo Asia Hospitals, one of the leading healthcare providers in India, is committed to offering top-quality medical services to patients across the country. With a team of skilled healthcare professionals and state-of-the-art facilities, Marengo Asia Hospitals is well-equipped to handle patients with uterine fibroids. In this article, we will explore how Marengo Asia Hospitals addresses the needs of patients with uterine fibroids, providing comprehensive care from diagnosis to treatment.

Specialized Gynecological Expertise:

Marengo Asia Hospitals boasts a team of highly experienced gynecologists and obstetricians who specialize in the diagnosis and treatment of uterine fibroids. These specialists possess extensive knowledge and expertise in managing fibroids, ensuring that patients receive the best possible care tailored to their individual needs.

Advanced Diagnostic Facilities:

Accurate diagnosis is crucial in effectively managing uterine fibroids. Marengo Asia Hospitals is equipped with advanced diagnostic facilities, including high-resolution ultrasound machines, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), and hysteroscopy equipment. These diagnostic tools allow healthcare professionals to accurately assess the size, location, and characteristics of fibroids, facilitating personalized treatment plans for patients.

Multidisciplinary Approach Marengo Asia Hospitals follows a multidisciplinary approach to ensure comprehensive care for patients with uterine fibroids. The gynecologists collaborate closely with radiologists, pathologists, and other specialists to ensure accurate diagnosis, effective treatment, and optimal patient outcomes. This collaborative approach enables a holistic assessment of each patient’s condition, considering factors such as fertility preservation and overall well-being.

Individualized Treatment Plans:

Every patient is unique, and their treatment plan should reflect their specific needs. Marengo Asia Hospitals understands this and strives to provide individualized treatment plans for patients with uterine fibroids. Depending on the patient’s symptoms, fibroid characteristics, and fertility desires, the healthcare team at Marengo Asia Hospitals discusses various treatment options and recommends the most suitable approach.

Non-Surgical and Minimally Invasive Procedures:

Marengo Asia Hospitals offers a wide range of treatment options for uterine fibroids, including non-surgical and minimally invasive procedures. These techniques aim to preserve the uterus, promote faster recovery, and minimize postoperative complications. Some of the advanced procedures available at Marengo Asia Hospitals include:

  • Uterine Artery Embolization (UAE): A minimally invasive procedure that blocks the blood supply to fibroids, causing them to shrink.
  • Magnetic Resonance-guided Focused Ultrasound Surgery (MRgFUS): Using high-intensity focused ultrasound waves, this non-invasive procedure destroys fibroids while preserving the surrounding healthy tissue.
  • Laparoscopic or Robotic Myomectomy: Minimally invasive surgical procedures that remove fibroids while preserving the uterus, making it an ideal option for women who wish to retain their fertility.
  • Endometrial Ablation: This procedure aims to reduce heavy menstrual bleeding caused by fibroids by removing or destroying the uterine lining.

 Comprehensive Post-Treatment Care:

Marengo Asia Hospitals prioritizes comprehensive post-treatment care for patients with uterine fibroids. After the procedure, patients are provided with detailed instructions regarding postoperative care, pain management, and follow-up appointments. The healthcare team ensures that patients have access to ongoing support and guidance throughout their recovery journey.

Patient Education and Support:

Marengo Asia Hospitals understands the importance of patient education and support. They provide informative resources, counseling sessions, and support groups to help patients better understand uterine fibroids, manage their symptoms, and make informed decisions regarding their treatment options. Empowering patients with knowledge enables them to actively participate in their healthcare decisions, leading to better outcomes and improved overall well-being.

Marengo Asia Hospitals stands as a reliable and comprehensive healthcare provider for patients with uterine fibroids in India. With their specialized gynecological expertise, advanced diagnostic facilities, multidisciplinary approach, and a range of treatment options, they ensure that each patient receives personalized care and the most suitable treatment for their condition.


Contact Us

Marengo CIMS Hospital
Off Science City Road, Sola, Ahmedabad – 380060
Gujarat, INDIA

24×7 Helpline +91 70 69 00 00 00
Phone: 079 4805 1200 or 1008
+91 79 2771 2771 or 72
Fax: +91 79 2771 2770
Mobile: +91 98250 66664 or +91 98250 66668
Ambulance: +91 98244 50000
Email: info@cims.org