Marengo CIMS Hospital is dedicated to providing comprehensive healthcare services and fostering patient well-being. As part of our commitment to patient education, we have developed the Marengo CIMS Hospital Medical Encyclopedia—an invaluable online resource designed to empower patients with knowledge about various medical conditions, treatments, and preventive measures. This encyclopedia serves as a trusted and accessible repository of medical information, allowing patients to make informed decisions regarding their health and collaborate more effectively with healthcare professionals.


Urticaria, commonly known as hives, is a common skin condition characterized by raised, itchy, and red welts on the skin. It affects a significant number of individuals in India, causing discomfort and distress. In this article, we will explore the sign and symptoms, types, diagnostic tests, treatments, and potential complications associated with urticaria, while using relatable examples for a better understanding.

Signs and Symptoms:

The primary symptom of urticaria is the appearance of raised, itchy wheals on the skin. These wheals can vary in size and shape and may appear anywhere on the body. They are usually red or pink and may have a pale center. The welts can be round, oval, or irregularly shaped. They may also join together to form larger areas of swelling, known as plaques.

Individuals with urticaria may experience additional symptoms such as:

  • Itching: The affected areas often itch intensely, causing discomfort and irritation.

  • Burning or stinging sensation: The wheals may produce a burning or stinging sensation, adding to the discomfort.

  • Swelling: In some cases, swelling may occur in the lips, eyelids, tongue, or throat, leading to difficulty in breathing or swallowing. This is known as angioedema and requires immediate medical attention.

 What Is Urticaria? :

Urticaria is an inflammatory skin condition triggered by various factors, including allergic reactions, infections, medications, stress, and physical stimuli such as heat, cold, pressure, or sunlight. When exposed to these triggers, the body releases histamine and other chemicals, resulting in the characteristic wheals and itching.

How Is Urticaria Diagnosed? :

To diagnose urticaria, healthcare professionals consider the patient’s medical history, conduct a physical examination, and evaluate the appearance of the skin lesions. They may also perform diagnostic tests to identify the underlying cause and determine the most appropriate treatment approach.

Diagnostic Tests and Treatments:

  • Allergy testing: Allergy tests, such as skin prick tests or blood tests, can help identify specific allergens that trigger urticaria. For example, if a patient in India experiences recurrent hives after consuming certain foods, an allergy test can pinpoint the culprit, such as peanuts, seafood, or dairy products.

  • Complete blood count (CBC): A CBC test can detect any abnormalities in blood cell count, which may be indicative of an underlying infection or systemic inflammation.

  • Thyroid function test: Since thyroid dysfunction can contribute to chronic urticaria, a thyroid function test helps identify any abnormalities in thyroid hormone levels.

  • Autoimmune screening: This involves tests to check for autoimmune diseases that may be associated with chronic urticaria, such as antinuclear antibody (ANA) testing or anti-thyroid antibody testing.

  • Physical challenge tests: In some cases, physical challenge tests may be conducted to determine if physical stimuli, such as pressure or temperature changes, are triggering the hives.

Treatment Options:

The treatment approach for urticaria aims to relieve symptoms, identify and avoid triggers, and manage underlying causes. Common treatment options in India include:

  • Antihistamines: These medications block the action of histamine, reducing itching and wheal formation. Antihistamines are available over-the-counter or as prescribed medications.

  • Corticosteroids: In severe cases or acute flare-ups, oral or injectable corticosteroids may be prescribed for short-term relief.

  • Avoidance of triggers: Identifying and avoiding triggers, such as specific foods, medications, or environmental factors, can help prevent hives from occurring.

  • Immune modulators: For chronic urticaria that doesn’t respond to antihistamines, immune modulators like omalizumab may be prescribed to regulate the immune response.

Complications of Urticaria:

While urticaria itself is generally not life-threatening, it can lead to several complications:

  • Angioedema: Severe swelling in the lips, tongue, or throat can obstruct the airways, making it difficult to breathe or swallow.

  • Emotional distress: The constant itching, appearance of welts, and unpredictability of urticaria can cause significant emotional distress, affecting the quality of life.

  • Chronicity: Urticaria can become a chronic condition, lasting for several weeks or even years, impacting daily life and requiring long-term management.Urticaria, commonly known as hives, is a bothersome skin condition characterized by itchy, swollen, and red welts that appear on the skin. It affects a significant number of individuals across India, leading to discomfort and a reduced quality of life.

However, Marengo Asia Hospitals has emerged as a pioneer in providing comprehensive care and treatment for patients suffering from urticaria. With their state-of-the-art facilities, experienced medical professionals, and patient-centric approach, Marengo Asia Hospitals is equipped to handle patients with urticaria effectively.

Cutting-Edge Facilities and Diagnostic Capabilities

Marengo Asia Hospitals boasts modern facilities equipped with the latest medical advancements, enabling accurate and prompt diagnosis of urticaria. The hospitals are equipped with advanced diagnostic tools such as skin prick tests, blood tests, and allergy panels to identify the underlying triggers of the condition. Additionally, specialized imaging techniques may be employed to assess the severity of urticaria and determine its impact on internal organs, if necessary.

Expert Medical Professionals

One of the key strengths of Marengo Asia Hospitals is its team of highly skilled medical professionals. The hospitals employ dermatologists, allergists, and immunologists who possess extensive experience in managing and treating urticaria. These specialists stay updated with the latest advancements in the field, ensuring that patients receive the most effective and evidence-based treatments available.

Individualized Treatment Plans

Marengo Asia Hospitals understands that each patient’s experience with urticaria is unique. Therefore, they prioritize personalized treatment plans tailored to the specific needs of individual. After a thorough evaluation and diagnosis, the medical team collaborates with the patient to develop a comprehensive treatment strategy. This may include a combination of medication, lifestyle modifications, and allergen avoidance measures.

Advanced Therapeutic Approaches

The hospitals within Marengo Asia Hospitals employ a wide range of therapeutic approaches to effectively manage urticaria. Depending on the severity and underlying causes, treatment options may include:

  • Antihistamines: These medications help alleviate the symptoms of urticaria by blocking the effects of histamine, a chemical responsible to develop hives.

  • Corticosteroids: In severe cases or when other treatments fail, corticosteroids may be prescribed to reduce inflammation and provide relief from persistent symptoms.

  • Immunosuppressants: For chronic urticaria that is resistant to other treatments, immunosuppressive medications may be recommended to modulate the immune system response and prevent recurrent outbreaks.

  • Biologic Therapies: Emerging biologic therapies, such as anti-IgE antibodies or anti-inflammatory agents, are utilized to target specific pathways involved in urticaria, offering new avenues for effective management.

Patient Education and Support :

 Marengo Asia Hospitals places great emphasis on patient education and support. They ensure that individuals suffering from urticaria are well-informed about their condition, triggers to avoid, and self-care measures to manage symptoms effectively. Patients are provided with educational resources, such as brochures and online materials, to empower them with the knowledge needed for better self-management.

Additionally, the hospitals offer support groups and counseling services to address the psychological and emotional impact of urticaria. These initiatives create a supportive environment, allowing patients to connect with others facing similar challenges and gain emotional resilience.

Marengo Asia Hospitals has proven itself as a leading healthcare provider in India, especially in the realm of urticaria care. By combining cutting-edge facilities, a team of expert medical professionals, personalized treatment plans, and patient support programs, the network ensures that patients receive comprehensive and effective care for their condition.



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Gujarat, INDIA

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