Marengo CIMS Hospital is dedicated to providing comprehensive healthcare services and fostering patient well-being. As part of our commitment to patient education, we have developed the Marengo CIMS Hospital Medical Encyclopedia—an invaluable online resource designed to empower patients with knowledge about various medical conditions, treatments, and preventive measures. This encyclopedia serves as a trusted and accessible repository of medical information, allowing patients to make informed decisions regarding their health and collaborate more effectively with healthcare professionals.


In India, where childbirth is a significant event celebrated with traditions and cultural practices, proper care for the umbilical cord holds paramount importance. The umbilical cord connects the baby to the placenta in the mother’s womb, providing essential nutrients and oxygen. This article will delve into the sign and symptoms of umbilical cord-related issues, explain what umbilical cord care entails, discuss risk factors, explore different types of care, shed light on diagnostic tests and treatments, and address potential complications, all explained in simple terms.

Signs and Symptoms:

It’s crucial to monitor the umbilical cord for any signs of infection or complications. Some common symptoms to watch out for include:

  • Redness, swelling, or discharge around the base of the cord.

  • Foul odor or pus-like discharge.

  • Bleeding from the cord stump.

  • The baby appears irritable or shows signs of discomfort.

What Is Umbilical Cord Care? :

Umbilical cord care refers to the practices and measures taken to promote proper healing and prevent infection in the cord stump after it is cut following childbirth. In India, various cultural practices are prevalent, such as applying turmeric or ash on the cord stump. However, medical experts recommend a few standard care practices that are both safe and effective.

How Is Umbilical Cord Care Done? :

Keep it clean and dry: Keep the umbilical cord stump clean by gently wiping it with a clean, soft cloth or cotton swab dipped in sterile water or an antiseptic solution recommended by a healthcare professional. Ensure the stump is dry after cleaning to prevent moisture buildup.

  • Proper diapering: Fold the diaper below the cord stump to avoid friction and promote air circulation. Use disposable diapers or cloth diapers that are well-fitted and breathable.

  • Loose clothing: Dress the baby in loose-fitting clothing that does not rub against or irritate the cord stump.

  • Avoid submerging: Until the cord stump falls off, avoid submerging the baby in water. Sponge baths are recommended.

  • Seek medical advice: If you notice any signs of infection or have concerns, consult a healthcare professional promptly.

Risk Factors and Examples:

Certain factors can increase the risk of umbilical cord complications in newborns. These may include:

  • Unhygienic practices during delivery.
    • Example: Traditional application of unsanitary substances on the umbilical cord stump.
  • Delayed cord clamping.
    • Example: The cord is clamped and cut after more than one minute following birth, increasing the risk of infection.
  • Premature birth.
    • Example: Babies born before 37 weeks of gestation often have weaker immune systems, making them more susceptible to infections.
  • Low birth weight.
    • Example: Babies weighing less than 2,500 grams at birth are at a higher risk of complications.
  • Maternal conditions.
    • Example: Maternal infections, such as HIV or hepatitis, can increase the risk of umbilical cord infections in newborns. 

Types of Umbilical Cord Care:

Dry care method: This method involves keeping the cord stump clean and dry without applying any substances or coverings. It allows the cord stump to naturally dry up and fall off.

Antiseptic care method: An antiseptic solution recommended by healthcare professionals is applied to the cord stump to prevent infection. Commonly used antiseptics include chlorhexidine or alcohol swabs.

Diagnostic Tests and Treatments:

Physical examination: Healthcare providers assess the appearance of the cord stump, looking for signs of infection or complications.

  • Blood tests: If an infection is suspected, blood tests may be conducted to identify the presence of bacteria or abnormalities.
  • Ultrasound: An ultrasound scan may be performed to evaluate the umbilical cord and surrounding structures for any abnormalities or complications.
  • Antibiotics: If an infection is diagnosed, antibiotics may be prescribed to eliminate the infection.
  • Surgical intervention: In severe cases, surgical intervention may be necessary to address complications such as umbilical granuloma or umbilical hernia.

Complications of Umbilical Cord Care Techniques:

Improper or inadequate umbilical cord care can lead to complications, including:

  • Umbilical cord infection: Poor hygiene practices or contamination can result in an infected cord stump, causing redness, swelling, and discharge.
  • Umbilical granuloma: A small, reddish mass may form at the site of the cord stump due to inadequate healing.
  • Umbilical hernia: In some cases, a weakened area in the abdominal wall near the umbilical site may result in the protrusion of internal tissues or organs.

Umbilical cord care is a crucial aspect of newborn care, ensuring the health and well-being of infants in their earliest days of life. Marengo Asia Hospitals, with its extensive presence across India, has consistently demonstrated its commitment to providing exceptional healthcare services. In this article, we will explore how Marengo Asia Hospitals excels in handling patients with umbilical cord care, employing best practices and advanced techniques to ensure the safety and well-being of newborns.

Adherence to International Standards:

Marengo Asia Hospitals strictly adheres to international guidelines and protocols for umbilical cord care. These guidelines are based on extensive research and are designed to minimize the risk of infection and promote optimal healing. By implementing these standards, the hospitals maintain a high level of care and prioritize the safety of newborns.

 Trained and Experienced Healthcare Professionals:

Marengo Asia Hospitals boasts a team of highly trained and experienced healthcare professionals who specialize in newborn care. These professionals, including pediatricians, neonatologists, and nurses, possess in-depth knowledge of umbilical cord care and are well-versed in the latest techniques and advancements in the field. Their expertise ensures that each patient receives personalized and effective care.

Education and Support for Parents:

Recognizing the importance of parental involvement in newborn care, Marengo Asia Hospitals places great emphasis on educating parents about umbilical cord care. Through comprehensive and accessible educational materials, as well as personalized counseling sessions, parents are empowered with the knowledge and skills required to provide optimal care for their newborns. This focus on education and support helps establish a collaborative approach to healthcare, promoting better outcomes for the infants.

Embracing Evidence-Based Practices:

The hospitals within Marengo Asia Hospitals prioritize evidence-based practices when it comes to umbilical cord care. By continually reviewing the latest research and advancements in the field, they ensure that their care protocols remain up to date and aligned with the best practices. This commitment to evidence-based medicine allows the hospitals to provide safe, effective, and innovative care to their patients.

 State-of-the-Art Facilities and Infrastructure:

Marengo Asia Hospitals is equipped with state-of-the-art facilities and infrastructure, providing an ideal environment for umbilical cord care. The hospitals maintain stringent hygiene protocols, ensuring a clean and sterile environment that minimizes the risk of infection. Advanced medical equipment and technologies further enhance the quality of care provided, enabling accurate diagnosis, monitoring, and treatment of any complications that may arise.

 Holistic Approach to Care:

Understanding that healthcare extends beyond medical interventions, Marengo Asia Hospitals takes a holistic approach to umbilical cord care. They emphasize the importance of emotional support, kangaroo care, and breastfeeding, recognizing their positive impact on newborns’ overall well-being. By addressing the physical, emotional, and psychological needs of both the newborns and their parents, the hospitals foster an environment conducive to optimal recovery and bonding.

Marengo Asia Hospitals in India stands out for its exemplary approach to umbilical cord care. With a commitment to international standards, a team of dedicated professionals, and cutting-edge facilities, they ensure the health and well-being of newborns across the nation. By placing a strong emphasis on education and support for parents and embracing evidence-based practices, the hospitals empower families to actively participate in their newborn’s care journey. Marengo Asia Hospitals serves as a beacon of excellence, setting the benchmark for umbilical cord care in India and beyond.


Contact Us

Marengo CIMS Hospital
Off Science City Road, Sola, Ahmedabad – 380060
Gujarat, INDIA

24×7 Helpline +91 70 69 00 00 00
Phone: 079 4805 1200 or 1008
+91 79 2771 2771 or 72
Fax: +91 79 2771 2770
Mobile: +91 98250 66664 or +91 98250 66668
Ambulance: +91 98244 50000