Marengo CIMS Hospital is dedicated to providing comprehensive healthcare services and fostering patient well-being. As part of our commitment to patient education, we have developed the Marengo CIMS Hospital Medical Encyclopedia—an invaluable online resource designed to empower patients with knowledge about various medical conditions, treatments, and preventive measures. This encyclopedia serves as a trusted and accessible repository of medical information, allowing patients to make informed decisions regarding their health and collaborate more effectively with healthcare professionals.


Tendinitis, also known as tendonitis, is a condition characterized by inflammation and irritation of the tendons, the thick cords that connect muscles to bones. In India, where physical activities and sports are prevalent, understanding tendinitis and its management is crucial. This article aims to provide detailed insights into tendinitis, considering the Indian context. It discusses the signs, causes, diagnostic tests, treatment options, and prevention techniques for tendinitis. Layman’s language is used to make the information accessible and understandable.

 Signs and Symptoms of Tendinitis:

  • Pain and tenderness: Tenderness or pain in the affected tendon, especially during movement or when pressure is applied.
  • Swelling and warmth: The affected area may become swollen, red, or warm to the touch.
  • Stiffness and limited mobility: Stiffness, especially in the morning or after periods of rest, and difficulty moving the affected joint or muscle.
  • Weakness and decreased strength: A feeling of weakness or a noticeable decrease in strength in the affected area.
  • Crepitus: A cracking or grating sensation or sound when moving the affected joint or muscle.

What is Tendinitis?

Tendinitis is a condition characterized by inflammation of the tendons, often caused by repetitive motions, overuse, or sudden injuries. It commonly affects tendons in the shoulders, elbows, wrists, knees, and ankles. Tendinitis can cause pain, swelling, and limited mobility in the affected area.

How to Manage Tendinitis?

The management of tendinitis involves a combination of self-care techniques, medical treatments, and preventive measures:

  • Rest and Ice: Resting the affected area and applying ice packs for 15-20 minutes several times a day can help reduce pain and inflammation.
  • Pain Relief Medication: Over-the-counter pain relievers such as nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) can help alleviate pain and reduce inflammation. However, consult a healthcare professional before taking any medication.
  • Physical Therapy: A physical therapist can design specific exercises and stretches to improve flexibility, strengthen muscles, and promote healing of the affected tendon.
  • Corticosteroid Injections: In severe cases of tendinitis, corticosteroid injections may be recommended to reduce inflammation and alleviate pain. These injections should be administered by a qualified healthcare professional.
  • Extracorporeal Shock Wave Therapy (ESWT): ESWT is a non-invasive treatment that uses sound waves to stimulate healing and reduce pain in tendons. It may be considered for chronic or stubborn cases of tendinitis.

Causes and Triggers of Tendinitis:

Tendinitis can be caused by various factors, including:

  • Repetitive Motions: Engaging in repetitive motions or activities that strain the tendons, such as typing, painting, or sports activities, can lead to tendinitis.
  • Overuse or Excessive Training: Overtraining or engaging in intense physical activities without proper rest or conditioning can increase the risk of tendinitis.
  • Aging: Tendons naturally become less flexible and more prone to injury as a person ages, making older individuals more susceptible to tendinitis.

 Risk Factors for Tendinitis:

Certain factors can increase the risk of developing tendinitis, including:

  • Occupation or Sports: Jobs or sports that involve repetitive motions or forceful activities, such as construction work, gardening, or tennis, can increase the risk of tendinitis.
  • Poor Technique or Posture: Using incorrect techniques or maintaining poor posture during physical activities can strain the tendons and lead to tendinitis.

Types of Tendinitis:

Tendinitis can affect various parts of the body. Common types of tendinitis include:

  • Tennis Elbow (Lateral Epicondylitis): Inflammation of the tendons on the outside of the elbow, typically caused by repetitive gripping or wrist extension movements.
  • Golfer’s Elbow (Medial Epicondylitis): Inflammation of the tendons on the inside of the elbow, often caused by repetitive flexion or pronation motions.
  • Achilles Tendinitis: Inflammation of the Achilles tendon, which connects the calf muscles to the heel bone. It is commonly seen in runners or individuals involved in sports that require repetitive jumping or pushing off motions.

Diagnostic Tests and Treatment:

Diagnosing tendinitis involves a physical examination by a healthcare professional and discussing the symptoms and medical history. Diagnostic tests, such as imaging studies like X-rays or ultrasound, may be ordered to rule out other conditions or assess the severity of the injury.

Treatment options may include self-care measures, medications, physical therapy, or injections, depending on the severity and location of tendinitis. Each treatment option aims to reduce pain, inflammation, and promote healing of the affected tendon.

 Prevention Techniques:

To prevent tendinitis, individuals can take the following measures:

  • Warm-up and Stretching: Before engaging in physical activities, warm up the muscles and perform stretching exercises to prepare the tendons and reduce the risk of injury.
  • Proper Technique and Body Mechanics: Use proper technique and posture during activities, especially those involving repetitive motions. Avoid excessive force or stress on the tendons.
  • Gradual Increase in Intensity: Gradually increase the intensity, duration, or frequency of physical activities to allow the tendons to adapt and avoid overuse.
  • Rest and Recovery: Incorporate regular rest days and recovery periods into exercise routines to allow the tendons to heal and avoid overloading them.

Tendinitis, also known as tendonitis, is a common condition characterized by inflammation and irritation of the tendons, which are the fibrous tissues that connect muscles to bones. It can cause pain, swelling, and limited mobility, impacting an individual’s daily activities. Marengo Asia Hospitals across India is committed to providing comprehensive care and effective treatment strategies for patients with tendinitis. Through a multidisciplinary approach, advanced diagnostics, and specialized interventions, Marengo Asia Hospitals strives to manage tendinitis and promote healing.

 Multidisciplinary Expertise

Marengo Asia Hospitals brings together a team of multidisciplinary experts, including orthopedic surgeons, sports medicine specialists, physiotherapists, and rehabilitation professionals, to address the complex nature of tendinitis. This collaborative approach allows for a comprehensive evaluation of each patient’s condition and the development of personalized treatment plans.

The team of experts works together to identify the underlying causes of tendinitis, assess the severity of the condition, and determine the most appropriate interventions for each individual. By combining their expertise, Marengo Asia Hospitals ensures that patients receive comprehensive and tailored care.

 Advanced Diagnostics

Marengo Asia Hospitals utilizes advanced diagnostic techniques to accurately diagnose tendinitis and assess its extent. Imaging technologies such as ultrasound, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), and X-rays are used to visualize the affected tendons, identify inflammation or tears, and rule out other potential conditions.

These advanced diagnostics enable healthcare professionals within Marengo Asia Hospitals to make an accurate diagnosis and develop an appropriate treatment plan for each patient. By understanding the specific details of the condition, targeted interventions can be employed to address tendinitis effectively.

 Specialized Treatment Interventions

Marengo Asia Hospitals offers a range of specialized treatment interventions to manage tendinitis and promote healing. The choice of intervention depends on the severity of the condition, the affected tendon, and the patient’s individual needs.

  • Non-surgical Treatments: Non-surgical interventions are often the first line of treatment for tendinitis. These may include:
  • Rest and Activity Modification: Temporary rest or modification of activities that aggravate the condition can help reduce inflammation and promote healing.
  • Physical Therapy: Targeted exercises and stretching routines prescribed by physiotherapists can help improve flexibility, strengthen muscles, and support tendon healing.
  • Medications: Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) or corticosteroid injections may be prescribed to reduce pain and inflammation in the affected area.
  • Orthotic Devices: The use of orthotic devices, such as braces or splints, can provide support and relieve stress on the affected tendons.
  • Surgical Interventions: In severe cases of tendinitis that do not respond to conservative treatments, surgical intervention may be recommended. Surgical options may include tendon debridement, tendon repair, or in some cases, tendon grafting.

Rehabilitation and Recovery

Rehabilitation and recovery are essential components of tendinitis management. Marengo Network’s rehabilitation professionals work closely with patients to develop personalized rehabilitation plans, which may include targeted exercises, physical therapy, and gradual return to activities. Rehabilitation aims to restore strength, flexibility, and function, while minimizing the risk of recurrent tendinitis.

During the recovery phase, Marengo Asia Hospitals provides ongoing support, monitoring the patient’s progress, and making any necessary adjustments to the treatment plan. Education on injury prevention, proper body mechanics, and lifestyle modifications is also provided to prevent future occurrences and promote long-term tendon health.

 Preventive Measures and Patient Education

Marengo Asia Hospitals emphasizes the importance of preventive measures and patient education to manage tendinitis effectively. Patients are educated about the risk factors, proper ergonomics, and techniques to prevent overuse injuries. They are also provided with guidance on self-care measures, such as regular stretching, warm-up exercises, and adequate rest, to maintain tendon health and prevent recurrence.

 Tendinitis can be a painful and limiting condition, but with the right care and intervention, patients can experience relief and regain their quality of life. Marengo Asia Hospitals across India is dedicated to providing comprehensive care for individuals with tendinitis.


Contact Us

Marengo CIMS Hospital
Off Science City Road, Sola, Ahmedabad – 380060
Gujarat, INDIA

24×7 Helpline +91 70 69 00 00 00
Phone: 079 4805 1200 or 1008
+91 79 2771 2771 or 72
Fax: +91 79 2771 2770
Mobile: +91 98250 66664 or +91 98250 66668
Ambulance: +91 98244 50000
Email: info@cims.org