Marengo CIMS Hospital is dedicated to providing comprehensive healthcare services and fostering patient well-being. As part of our commitment to patient education, we have developed the Marengo CIMS Hospital Medical Encyclopedia—an invaluable online resource designed to empower patients with knowledge about various medical conditions, treatments, and preventive measures. This encyclopedia serves as a trusted and accessible repository of medical information, allowing patients to make informed decisions regarding their health and collaborate more effectively with healthcare professionals.


Premenstrual Syndrome (PMS) is a common condition that affects many women in India. It is important to understand the signs, classification, causes, risk factors, types, diagnostic tests, treatments, complications, and prevention techniques specific to the Indian context. This article provides a comprehensive overview of PMS, with examples relevant to India, aiming to empower women with knowledge and support.

Signs and Symptoms:

PMS is characterized by a range of physical, emotional, and behavioral symptoms that occur in the days or weeks leading up to menstruation. Common signs and symptoms include:

  • Physical Symptoms: Breast tenderness, bloating, fatigue, headaches, joint or muscle pain, and changes in appetite or food cravings.
  • Emotional Symptoms: Mood swings, irritability, anxiety, depression, feeling overwhelmed, and difficulty concentrating.
  • Behavioral Symptoms: Increased sensitivity, social withdrawal, disrupted sleep patterns, and changes in libido.

What is PMS?

PMS refers to a combination of physical, emotional, and behavioral symptoms that occur in the luteal phase of the menstrual cycle, usually starting after ovulation and resolving with the onset of menstruation. While these symptoms can be uncomfortable and disruptive, they are considered a normal part of the menstrual cycle for many women.

How is PMS Classified?

PMS is classified into two main categories:

  • PMS: Refers to the presence of physical, emotional, and behavioral symptoms that significantly impact a woman’s quality of life in the days leading up to menstruation. These symptoms resolve with the onset of menstruation.
  • Premenstrual Dysphoric Disorder (PMDD): A more severe form of PMS, PMDD is characterized by intense emotional symptoms that significantly affect daily functioning. PMDD symptoms may require medical intervention and specialized treatment.

 Causes and Triggers:

The exact cause of PMS is still not fully understood, but several factors contribute to its development:

  • Hormonal Changes: Fluctuations in hormone levels, particularly estrogen and progesterone, during the menstrual cycle play a significant role in PMS.
  • Chemical Imbalances: Serotonin, a neurotransmitter that affects mood regulation, may be disrupted in women with PMS, contributing to emotional symptoms.
  • Individual Sensitivity: Some women may be more sensitive to hormonal fluctuations, leading to a higher likelihood of experiencing PMS symptoms.

 Risk Factors with Examples:

Several risk factors increase the likelihood of experiencing PMS symptoms:

  • Age: Women in their late 20s to early 40s are more prone to experiencing PMS symptoms.
  • Family History: Having a close family member with a history of PMS or PMDD increases the risk.
  • Stress: High levels of stress can exacerbate PMS symptoms.
  • Lifestyle Factors: Poor nutrition, lack of exercise, and inadequate sleep can contribute to PMS symptom severity.

 Types of PMS with Detailing for Each Type:

PMS symptoms can vary in intensity and manifestation. While each woman’s experience is unique, the following are common types of PMS:

  • PMS-A (Anxiety): This type is characterized by significant anxiety and nervousness, along with other physical and emotional symptoms.
  • PMS-C (Cravings): PMS-C is associated with intense food cravings, particularly for sweet or high-carbohydrate foods.
  • PMS-D (Depression): PMS-D is marked by significant depressive symptoms, including sadness, feelings of hopelessness, and a lack of interest or pleasure in usual activities.

 Diagnostic Tests and Treatments:

Diagnosing PMS primarily involves assessing the presence and severity of symptoms over several menstrual cycles. Healthcare professionals may also conduct physical exams and laboratory tests to rule out other conditions with similar symptoms. Treatments for PMS focus on symptom management and may include:

  • Lifestyle Modifications: Regular exercise, a balanced diet, stress reduction techniques, and sufficient sleep can help alleviate PMS symptoms.
  • Medications: Over-the-counter pain relievers, such as nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), may provide relief for physical symptoms. In more severe cases, hormonal contraceptives or antidepressant medications may be prescribed.
  • Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy (CBT): CBT can be beneficial for women experiencing emotional symptoms of PMS. It helps individuals identify and modify negative thought patterns and develop coping strategies.

Complications and Prevention Techniques:

While PMS itself does not pose significant health risks, it can adversely affect a woman’s quality of life. To manage and prevent PMS symptoms, the following techniques may be helpful:

  • Self-Care: Engage in stress-reducing activities, prioritize self-care, maintain a healthy lifestyle, and practice relaxation techniques.
  • Dietary Changes: Incorporate a balanced diet rich in whole grains, fruits, vegetables, and lean proteins. Limit caffeine, salt, and processed foods, which can exacerbate symptoms.
  • Tracking and Preparation: Keep track of symptoms and menstrual cycles using a diary or smartphone app. This helps anticipate and prepare for PMS symptoms.
  • Social Support: Seek support from family, friends, or support groups to share experiences, gain perspective, and receive emotional support.

Premenstrual Syndrome (PMS) is a common condition that affects many women in India, often impacting their quality of life. Marengo Asia Hospitals, known for its commitment to women’s health, offers specialized care and support for patients with PMS. This article explores how Marengo Asia Hospitals effectively handles PMS cases, providing a range of services, personalized treatment plans, and compassionate care to empower women and improve their overall well-being.

 Specialized Women’s Health Departments:

Marengo Asia Hospitals understands the unique challenges of women’s health, including PMS. With dedicated women’s health departments, they offer a comprehensive approach to address the physical, emotional, and psychological aspects of PMS. These departments are staffed with expert gynecologists, endocrinologists, psychologists, and other healthcare professionals who specialize in women’s health and understand the complexities of PMS.

 Comprehensive Evaluation and Diagnosis:

Marengo Asia Hospitals begins by conducting a thorough evaluation to accurately diagnose PMS. Experienced gynecologists and specialists review medical histories, conduct physical examinations, and engage in in-depth discussions with patients to assess the presence and severity of symptoms. This comprehensive evaluation ensures an accurate diagnosis and helps tailor personalized treatment plans for each patient.

 Personalized Treatment Plans:

Recognizing that every woman’s experience with PMS is unique, Marengo Asia Hospitals develops personalized treatment plans based on individual needs and symptom severity. The multidisciplinary team collaborates to create a comprehensive approach that may include lifestyle modifications, medication management, and psychological support. This personalized care aims to alleviate symptoms and improve the overall well-being of patients.

 Lifestyle Modifications:

Marengo Asia Hospitals emphasizes the importance of lifestyle modifications in managing PMS. Through guidance from nutritionists and lifestyle coaches, patients are provided with strategies to adopt a balanced diet, regular exercise routine, stress management techniques, and sufficient sleep. These modifications can help reduce the severity of PMS symptoms and enhance overall health and well-being.

 Medication Management:

In cases where lifestyle modifications alone are insufficient, Marengo Asia Hospitals offers medication management to alleviate PMS symptoms. Experienced gynecologists prescribe medications such as pain relievers, hormonal contraceptives, or selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) based on the specific symptoms and individual needs of the patient. Regular follow-up appointments ensure the effectiveness of the prescribed medication and allow for adjustments if necessary.

 Psychological Support and Counseling:

PMS can have a significant impact on a woman’s emotional well-being. Marengo Asia Hospitals recognizes this and provides psychological support and counseling services. Expert psychologists and counselors offer a safe and supportive environment for patients to discuss their emotions, cope with the challenges of PMS, and develop effective strategies to manage stress, anxiety, and mood swings. These services play a vital role in enhancing mental well-being and overall quality of life.

 Education and Self-Care Strategies:

Marengo Asia Hospitals places great emphasis on patient education and empowerment. Through educational resources, workshops, and support groups, women are provided with information about PMS, self-care strategies, and effective coping mechanisms. These initiatives enable patients to better understand their condition, recognize triggers, and take proactive steps to manage symptoms effectively.

 Continued Follow-up Care:

Marengo Asia Hospitals understands that ongoing support is essential in managing PMS. Regular follow-up appointments are scheduled to monitor the patient’s progress, evaluate the effectiveness of the treatment plan, and make any necessary adjustments. This continued care ensures that patients receive the support and guidance they need throughout their journey with PMS.

 Community Outreach and Awareness:

Marengo Asia Hospitals actively engages in community outreach programs and awareness campaigns to educate women about PMS. By collaborating with local organizations, schools, and community centers, they strive to enhance awareness, reduce stigma, and foster a supportive environment for women with PMS. These efforts aim to empower women, encourage early intervention, and promote open discussions about women’s health.

Marengo Asia Hospitals stands as a leading provider of specialized care for women with PMS in India. Through their specialized women’s health departments, personalized treatment plans, lifestyle modifications, medication management, psychological support, patient education, and community outreach initiatives, they are committed to improving the lives of women affected by PMS. By addressing the physical, emotional, and psychological aspects of PMS, Marengo Asia Hospitals empowers women to manage their symptoms effectively, enhance their overall well-being, and lead fulfilling lives.


Contact Us

Marengo CIMS Hospital
Off Science City Road, Sola, Ahmedabad – 380060
Gujarat, INDIA

24×7 Helpline +91 70 69 00 00 00
Phone: 079 4805 1200 or 1008
+91 79 2771 2771 or 72
Fax: +91 79 2771 2770
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