Marengo CIMS Hospital is dedicated to providing comprehensive healthcare services and fostering patient well-being. As part of our commitment to patient education, we have developed the Marengo CIMS Hospital Medical Encyclopedia—an invaluable online resource designed to empower patients with knowledge about various medical conditions, treatments, and preventive measures. This encyclopedia serves as a trusted and accessible repository of medical information, allowing patients to make informed decisions regarding their health and collaborate more effectively with healthcare professionals.


Hyperthyroidism, commonly known as an overactive thyroid, is a medical condition that affects the thyroid gland, a small butterfly-shaped gland located in the neck. This condition is prevalent in India and can have a significant impact on an individual’s health and well-being. In this article, we will delve into the details of hyperthyroidism, its signs and symptoms, classification, causes, risk factors, types, diagnostic tests, treatments, and prevention techniques, all explained in layman’s language.


What is Hyperthyroidism?

Hyperthyroidism occurs when the thyroid gland produces an excess amount of thyroid hormones, primarily thyroxine (T4) and triiodothyronine (T3). These hormones play a vital role in regulating the body’s metabolism, heart rate, body temperature, and other essential functions. An overactive thyroid results in an accelerated metabolic rate, causing various symptoms and potential complications.


Signs and Symptoms:

The signs and symptoms of hyperthyroidism can vary among individuals, but commonly observed ones include:

  • Weight loss despite increased appetite
  • Rapid or irregular heartbeat (palpitations)
  • Nervousness, anxiety, or irritability
  • Tremors or muscle weakness
  • Heat intolerance and excessive sweating
  • Fatigue and weakness
  • Increased frequency of bowel movements
  • Changes in menstrual patterns
  • Sleep disturbances
  • Enlargement of the thyroid gland (goiter)


Classification of Hyperthyroidism:

Hyperthyroidism can be classified into several types based on the underlying causes. The most common types include:

  • Graves’ Disease: This autoimmune disorder causes the immune system to stimulate the thyroid gland to produce excessive hormones.
  • Toxic Multinodular Goiter: The thyroid gland develops multiple nodules, which produce excess hormones, leading to hyperthyroidism.
  • Toxic Adenoma: A single nodule in the thyroid gland becomes overactive and produces an excessive amount of thyroid hormones.
  • Subacute Thyroiditis: Inflammation of the thyroid gland results in the leakage of stored hormones, causing a temporary hyperthyroid state.


Causes and Triggers:

Hyperthyroidism can be triggered by various factors, including:

  • Graves’ Disease: The exact cause is unknown, but it often involves genetic and environmental factors.
  • Nodular Goiter: The development of nodules in the thyroid gland can disrupt hormone production.
  • Thyroiditis: Inflammation of the thyroid gland due to a viral infection or autoimmune response can lead to temporary hyperthyroidism.


Risk Factors:

Several risk factors increase the likelihood of developing hyperthyroidism. Some examples include:

  • Gender: Women are more prone to hyperthyroidism, particularly during their reproductive years.
  • Age: The condition often manifests between the ages of 20 and 40.
  • Family History: Having a close relative with hyperthyroidism or autoimmune disorders increases the risk.


Diagnostic Tests and Treatments:

To diagnose hyperthyroidism, healthcare professionals may employ the following tests:

  • Blood Tests: Measure the levels of thyroid hormones (T3, T4) and thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH) to assess thyroid function.
  • Radioactive Iodine Uptake: Determines the amount of radioactive iodine absorbed by the thyroid gland, assisting in identifying the cause.
  • Thyroid Ultrasound: Visualizes the structure of the thyroid gland, helping identify any nodules or abnormalities.


Treatments for hyperthyroidism aim to normalize thyroid hormone levels and manage symptoms. Common treatment options include:

  • Medications: Antithyroid drugs help reduce hormone production, while beta-blockers control symptoms such as rapid heartbeat and tremors.
  • Radioactive Iodine Therapy: Administering radioactive iodine orally destroys the overactive thyroid cells.
  • Surgery: In some cases, a partial or complete thyroidectomy (thyroid removal surgery) may be necessary.


Complications and Prevention:

Complications of untreated hyperthyroidism may include heart problems, osteoporosis, eye issues (in Graves’ disease), and thyroid storm (a life-threatening condition). To prevent hyperthyroidism or its complications:

  • Follow a balanced diet rich in iodine, selenium, and other essential nutrients.
  • Manage stress levels and maintain a healthy lifestyle.
  • Regularly monitor thyroid function through medical check-ups.


Hyperthyroidism, also known as an overactive thyroid, is a prevalent condition in India. To provide comprehensive and specialized care for patients with hyperthyroidism, Marengo Asia Hospitals across India has developed a robust approach to diagnosis, treatment, and management. This article will discuss how Marengo Asia Hospitals  Asia  Hospitals effectively handles patients with hyperthyroidism, ensuring optimal outcomes and improved quality of life for individuals affected by this condition.


Expert Multidisciplinary Team:

Marengo Asia Hospitals boasts a team of highly skilled medical professionals specializing in endocrinology, specifically thyroid disorders. These experts collaborate to provide personalized care tailored to each patient’s unique needs. The team comprises endocrinologists, thyroid surgeons, nuclear medicine specialists, radiologists, and pathologists, ensuring a comprehensive and multidisciplinary approach to hyperthyroidism management.


State-of-the-Art Diagnostic Facilities:

At Marengo Asia Hospitals Hospitals, Asia patients with hyperthyroidism undergo a thorough diagnostic evaluation using state-of-the-art facilities. This includes a range of tests to accurately diagnose and determine the underlying cause of hyperthyroidism. These may include blood tests to measure thyroid hormone levels (T3, T4) and thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH), radioactive iodine uptake scans, thyroid ultrasounds, and fine-needle aspiration biopsies when necessary.


Tailored Treatment Plans:

Once diagnosed, patients receive individualized treatment plans based on their specific condition, preferences, and overall health. Marengo Asia Hospitals offers various treatment options for hyperthyroidism, including:

  • Medications: Antithyroid drugs, such as Methimazole or Propylthiouracil, are prescribed to inhibit the production of excess thyroid hormones and regulate hormone levels. Regular monitoring and adjustments to medication dosage ensure optimal results.
  • Radioactive Iodine Therapy: For patients who do not respond well to medication or prefer a more definitive treatment, radioactive iodine therapy is available. This treatment involves the oral administration of radioactive iodine, which selectively destroys overactive thyroid cells, resulting in normalized hormone production.
  • Surgery: In cases where medication and radioactive iodine therapy are not suitable or fail to achieve desired outcomes, surgical intervention may be recommended. The experienced thyroid surgeons at Marengo Asia Hospitals perform thyroidectomy (partial or complete removal of the thyroid gland) using advanced techniques to ensure excellent surgical outcomes.


Comprehensive Follow-Up Care:

Marengo Asia Hospitals places great emphasis on post-treatment care and follow-up to monitor patients’ progress and ensure long-term management of hyperthyroidism. Regular check-ups, blood tests, and thyroid function assessments are conducted to track hormone levels, adjust medication dosages if needed, and address any concerns or complications that may arise.


Patient Education and Support:

Alongside medical intervention, Marengo Asia Hospitals prioritizes patient education and support. The medical team provides detailed information about hyperthyroidism, its causes, and treatment options. Patients are encouraged to actively participate in their care and make informed decisions. Additionally, support groups and educational resources are available to help patients and their families understand the condition, cope with its impact, and lead fulfilling lives.


Marengo Asia Hospitals across India stands as a leading healthcare provider for individuals with hyperthyroidism. With their expert multidisciplinary team, advanced diagnostic facilities, personalized treatment plans, comprehensive follow-up care, and patient education and support initiatives, they ensure the highest standard of care for patients with hyperthyroidism.


Contact Us

Marengo CIMS Hospital
Off Science City Road, Sola, Ahmedabad – 380060
Gujarat, INDIA

24×7 Helpline +91 70 69 00 00 00
Phone: 079 4805 1200 or 1008
+91 79 2771 2771 or 72
Fax: +91 79 2771 2770
Mobile: +91 98250 66664 or +91 98250 66668
Ambulance: +91 98244 50000
Email: info@cims.org