Marengo CIMS Hospital is dedicated to providing comprehensive healthcare services and fostering patient well-being. As part of our commitment to patient education, we have developed the Marengo CIMS Hospital Medical Encyclopedia—an invaluable online resource designed to empower patients with knowledge about various medical conditions, treatments, and preventive measures. This encyclopedia serves as a trusted and accessible repository of medical information, allowing patients to make informed decisions regarding their health and collaborate more effectively with healthcare professionals.


Ovarian cancer poses a significant health challenge for women in India. As one of the most common gynecological cancers, early detection and prompt treatment are crucial for improving outcomes. This article focuses on ovarian cancer in the Indian context, providing an in-depth understanding of its signs and symptoms, causes, risk factors, types, diagnostic tests, treatment options, complications, and prevention techniques.


Signs and Symptoms of Ovarian Cancer:

Ovarian cancer often goes undetected in its early stages due to its subtle symptoms. Common signs and symptoms may include:

  • Abdominal discomfort or pain: Persistent pain or a feeling of fullness in the lower abdomen or pelvis.
  • Bloating: Persistent or frequent bloating, often accompanied by abdominal distension.
  • Changes in bowel habits: Persistent changes in bowel movements, such as constipation or diarrhea.
  • Urinary symptoms: Increased urgency or frequency of urination, or difficulty in urination.
  • Loss of appetite or feeling full quickly: A decreased interest in eating or feeling full even after consuming small amounts.
  • Unexplained weight loss or gain: Sudden and unexplained weight loss or gain, unrelated to dietary or lifestyle changes.
  • Fatigue: Persistent fatigue or low energy levels, even with adequate rest.

What Is Ovarian Cancer?

Ovarian cancer occurs when abnormal cells in the ovaries grow and multiply uncontrollably, forming tumors. The ovaries are part of the female reproductive system and are responsible for producing eggs and female hormones. Ovarian cancer can arise from different types of cells within the ovaries, each with its own characteristics and behaviors.


How Is Ovarian Cancer Diagnosed?

Diagnosing ovarian cancer involves a combination of medical history evaluation, physical examinations, imaging tests, and laboratory investigations. Healthcare professionals will consider the patient’s symptoms, conduct a pelvic examination, and recommend further diagnostic tests to confirm the presence of ovarian cancer.


Causes and Triggers for Ovarian Cancer:

The exact causes of ovarian cancer remain unclear, but certain factors may contribute to its development:

  • Genetic Mutations: Inherited gene mutations, such as BRCA1 and BRCA2 gene mutations, significantly increase the risk of ovarian cancer. These mutations are more common in certain populations and can be passed down through family lines.
  • Age and Hormonal Factors: The risk of ovarian cancer increases with age, with most cases occurring in women over the age of 50. Factors such as early menstruation, late menopause, and never having been pregnant may also increase the risk.
  • Family History: A family history of ovarian, breast, or colorectal cancer can elevate an individual’s risk of developing ovarian cancer.


Risk Factors for Ovarian Cancer in India:

Several risk factors contribute to the prevalence of ovarian cancer in India:

  • Late Diagnosis: Ovarian cancer is often diagnosed at an advanced stage due to the lack of routine screening and the absence of specific symptoms in its early stages.
  • Limited Awareness: Lack of awareness about ovarian cancer, its symptoms, and risk factors delays early detection and appropriate medical attention.
  • Genetic Predisposition: Certain populations in India, such as those with a strong family history of ovarian or breast cancer, have a higher likelihood of carrying gene mutations associated with ovarian cancer.


Types of Ovarian Cancer:

Ovarian cancer is classified into different types based on the cells from which it originates:

  • Epithelial Ovarian Cancer: The most common type, accounting for approximately 90% of ovarian cancer cases. It begins in the epithelial cells that line the surface of the ovaries.
  • Germ Cell Tumors: These tumors develop from the cells that produce eggs within the ovaries. Germ cell tumors are more common in younger women and have a higher chance of successful treatment.
  • Stromal Tumors: These tumors arise from the cells that produce female hormones within the ovaries. They can produce abnormal hormone levels and exhibit distinct characteristics.


Diagnostic Tests and Treatment:

Diagnostic tests for ovarian cancer aim to confirm the presence of cancer and determine its stage. These tests may include:

  • Pelvic Examination: A physical examination of the pelvis to assess the size, shape, and condition of the ovaries and nearby organs.
  • Transvaginal Ultrasound: This imaging technique uses sound waves to create detailed images of the ovaries, allowing the detection of abnormal masses or cysts.
  • Blood Tests: Certain blood tests, such as the CA-125 test, measure the levels of specific substances in the blood that may be elevated in the presence of ovarian cancer. These tests aid in the diagnosis and monitoring of the disease.
  • Biopsy: In some cases, a tissue sample may be obtained from the ovaries or any suspicious masses for examination under a microscope. This helps confirm the presence of cancer and determine its type and stage.


Treatment options for ovarian cancer depend on the stage and type of cancer, as well as the patient’s overall health. Common treatment modalities include:

  • Surgery: The primary treatment for ovarian cancer involves surgical removal of the tumor and affected tissues. This may include the removal of one or both ovaries, the fallopian tubes, the uterus, and nearby lymph nodes.
  • Chemotherapy: Following surgery, chemotherapy may be recommended to destroy any remaining cancer cells. Chemotherapy drugs are typically administered intravenously and can help prevent the recurrence or spread of cancer.
  • Radiation Therapy: In specific cases, radiation therapy may be used to target and kill cancer cells using high-energy X-rays or other radiation sources.

Complications and Prevention Techniques:

Ovarian cancer can lead to various complications, including metastasis (spreading) to other organs, infertility, and recurrence of cancer. To reduce the risk of ovarian cancer and promote early detection, individuals can consider the following prevention techniques:

  • Awareness and Education: Educate oneself and others about ovarian cancer, its signs, symptoms, and risk factors. This facilitates early detection and timely medical intervention.
  • Genetic Counseling and Testing: Individuals with a family history of ovarian or breast cancer can consider genetic counseling and testing to determine their risk and make informed decisions about preventive measures.
  • Regular Health Check-ups: Attend routine gynecological check-ups, including pelvic examinations and discussions with healthcare professionals about any symptoms or concerns.
  • Lifestyle Factors: Maintain a healthy lifestyle, including a balanced diet rich in fruits and vegetables, regular exercise, maintaining a healthy weight, and avoiding tobacco use.


Ovarian cancer is a significant health concern for women in India, requiring specialized care and support. Marengo Asia Hospitals is dedicated to addressing the challenges posed by ovarian cancer across India. With its multidisciplinary team of healthcare professionals, advanced diagnostic capabilities, and state-of-the-art treatment options, Marengo Asia Hospitals offers comprehensive care for patients with ovarian cancer, focusing on early detection, personalized treatment plans, and ongoing support.


Early Detection and Diagnosis:

Marengo Asia Hospitals places a strong emphasis on early detection of ovarian cancer, as it significantly improves treatment outcomes. Healthcare professionals within the network employ various diagnostic tools and techniques to identify ovarian cancer in its early stages. These may include pelvic examinations, transvaginal ultrasounds, blood tests (such as CA-125), and biopsies. Early diagnosis enables timely intervention and the development of personalized treatment plans.


Multidisciplinary Team Approach:

Marengo Asia Hospitals utilizes a multidisciplinary approach to ovarian cancer care, involving a team of highly skilled specialists. This team includes gynecologic oncologists, radiologists, pathologists, medical oncologists, radiation oncologists, and supportive care providers. The collaboration among these experts ensures comprehensive evaluation, accurate staging, and tailored treatment plans for each patient.


Personalized Treatment Plans:

Recognizing that every patient’s condition is unique, Marengo Asia Hospitals develops personalized treatment plans for ovarian cancer patients. Treatment options may include surgery, chemotherapy, radiation therapy, or a combination thereof. The network’s gynecologic oncologists assess the stage, type, and characteristics of the cancer to determine the most appropriate treatment approach. These personalized plans prioritize patient comfort, quality of life, and the best possible treatment outcomes.


Surgical Expertise:

Marengo Asia  Hospitals boasts a team of highly skilled gynecologic oncologists with extensive experience in performing ovarian cancer surgeries. Surgical interventions aim to remove the cancerous tissue while preserving fertility whenever possible. Surgeons utilize advanced techniques, such as laparoscopic or robotic-assisted surgeries, which offer minimal invasiveness, faster recovery times, and reduced post-operative complications.


Chemotherapy and Radiation Therapy:

For patients with ovarian cancer, Marengo Asia Hospitals provides access to the latest advancements in chemotherapy and radiation therapy. Medical oncologists and radiation oncologists collaborate closely to administer personalized treatment regimens. Chemotherapy may be administered intravenously or intraperitoneally, targeting cancer cells throughout the body. Radiation therapy, if necessary, employs precise techniques to deliver targeted radiation to the affected area, minimizing damage to healthy tissues.


Supportive Care and Ongoing Support:

Marengo Asia Hospitals understands that addressing ovarian cancer goes beyond medical interventions alone. The network offers a range of supportive care services, including psychosocial support, pain management, nutritional counseling, and palliative care. These services aim to enhance the overall well-being of patients and provide ongoing support throughout their treatment journey.


Clinical Trials and Research:

As part of its commitment to advancing ovarian cancer treatment, Marengo Asia  Hospitals actively participates in clinical trials and research. By collaborating with national and international organizations, the network stays at the forefront of the latest developments in ovarian cancer treatment and incorporates innovative therapies and techniques into patient care.


Patient Education and Awareness:

Marengo Asia Hospitals recognizes the importance of patient education and awareness in ovarian cancer management. The network conducts educational programs, awareness campaigns, and support groups to empower patients and their families with knowledge about the disease, its treatment options, and available support services. By promoting awareness, the network aims to enhance early detection rates, facilitate informed decision-making, and reduce the stigma associated with ovarian cancer.


Marengo Asia  Hospitals in India is dedicated to providing comprehensive care for ovarian cancer patients. With its multidisciplinary team, personalized treatment plans, advanced diagnostic capabilities, and ongoing support services, the network strives to improve outcomes, enhance quality of life, and empower patients in their fight against ovarian cancer.


Contact Us

Marengo CIMS Hospital
Off Science City Road, Sola, Ahmedabad – 380060
Gujarat, INDIA

24×7 Helpline +91 70 69 00 00 00
Phone: 079 4805 1200 or 1008
+91 79 2771 2771 or 72
Fax: +91 79 2771 2770
Mobile: +91 98250 66664 or +91 98250 66668
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Email: info@cims.org