Marengo CIMS Hospital is dedicated to providing comprehensive healthcare services and fostering patient well-being. As part of our commitment to patient education, we have developed the Marengo CIMS Hospital Medical Encyclopedia—an invaluable online resource designed to empower patients with knowledge about various medical conditions, treatments, and preventive measures. This encyclopedia serves as a trusted and accessible repository of medical information, allowing patients to make informed decisions regarding their health and collaborate more effectively with healthcare professionals.


Oral-Facial Dyskinesia is a condition characterized by involuntary and repetitive movements of the face and mouth. In India, it is important to raise awareness about this condition and provide individuals with the necessary information to understand and manage it effectively. This article aims to discuss Oral-Facial Dyskinesia in detail, including its definition, signs and symptoms, causes, risk factors, types, diagnostic tests, treatment options, complications, prevention techniques, and their relevance in the Indian context.


What Is Oral-Facial Dyskinesia?

Oral-Facial Dyskinesia refers to abnormal and involuntary movements of the facial muscles, lips, and mouth. These movements can include repetitive tics, grimacing, lip smacking, tongue protrusion, or rapid eye blinking. Oral-Facial Dyskinesia can be caused by various factors, including medications, neurological conditions, or brain injury.


Signs and Symptoms of Oral-Facial Dyskinesia:

The signs and symptoms of Oral-Facial Dyskinesia may include:

  • Facial muscle movements: Involuntary and abnormal movements of the lips, jaw, tongue, or cheeks.
  • Grimacing or facial contortions: Repetitive and involuntary facial expressions that may resemble tics.
  • Tongue protrusion or thrusting: Uncontrolled extension or movement of the tongue in and out of the mouth.
  • Lip smacking or puckering: Spontaneous and repetitive movements of the lips, often resembling smacking or pursing.


How Is Oral-Facial Dyskinesia Diagnosed?

Diagnosing Oral-Facial Dyskinesia involves a comprehensive evaluation by a healthcare professional. Diagnostic tests may include:

  • Physical examination: A healthcare professional will observe the involuntary movements and assess their severity.
  • Medical history assessment: The patient’s medical history, including medication usage and any neurological conditions, will be reviewed.
  • Imaging tests: In some cases, imaging tests such as MRI or CT scans may be conducted to rule out other potential causes of the symptoms.


Causes and Triggers for Oral-Facial Dyskinesia:

Oral-Facial Dyskinesia can be caused by various factors, including:

  • Medications: Certain medications, such as antipsychotics or anti-nausea drugs, may cause Oral-Facial Dyskinesia as a side effect.
  • Neurological conditions: Underlying neurological disorders like Parkinson’s disease, Huntington’s disease, or tardive dyskinesia can be associated with Oral-Facial Dyskinesia.
  • Brain injury: Traumatic brain injury or damage to specific areas of the brain can lead to the development of this movement disorder.


Risk Factors for Oral-Facial Dyskinesia:

While anyone can develop Oral-Facial Dyskinesia, certain risk factors may increase the likelihood, such as:

  • Medication usage: Taking medications known to cause movement disorders increases the risk of developing Oral-Facial Dyskinesia.
  • Age: Older individuals, especially those on long-term medication use, may have a higher risk of developing this condition.


Types of Oral-Facial Dyskinesia:

Oral-Facial Dyskinesia can be classified into different types based on the underlying cause or triggering factors, including:

  • Drug-induced Dyskinesia: This type is associated with the use of certain medications, often used to treat psychiatric conditions or gastrointestinal issues.
  • Neurological Dyskinesia: Oral-Facial Dyskinesia may occur as a result of underlying neurological disorders such as Parkinson’s disease or Huntington’s disease.


Treatment Options for Oral-Facial Dyskinesia:

The treatment of Oral-Facial Dyskinesia depends on the underlying cause and severity of symptoms. Treatment options may include:

  • Medication adjustments: Healthcare professionals may adjust the dosage or switch to alternative medications to minimize the symptoms associated with Oral-Facial Dyskinesia.
  • Botulinum toxin injections: Injections of botulinum toxin into the affected muscles can help reduce the involuntary movements associated with Oral-Facial Dyskinesia.


Complications and Prevention Techniques:

Oral-Facial Dyskinesia can have several complications, including social and emotional impacts due to embarrassment or stigmatization, as well as functional limitations affecting speech and eating. To prevent complications and manage the condition effectively:

  • Regular communication with healthcare professionals is essential for monitoring symptoms and adjusting treatment approaches if needed.
  • Adherence to prescribed medications and recommended treatment plans is crucial for managing symptoms and minimizing the impact of Oral-Facial Dyskinesia.


Oral-Facial Dyskinesia, a condition characterized by involuntary movements of the face and mouth, requires specialized care and support. Marengo Asia Hospitals across India understands the unique challenges faced by individuals with Oral-Facial Dyskinesia and provides comprehensive treatment options and personalized care. This article highlights how Marengo Asia Hospitals effectively handles patients with Oral-Facial Dyskinesia, offering specialized services and a multidisciplinary approach to address their needs.

Expert Medical Professionals:

Marengo Asia Hospitals boasts a team of skilled medical professionals who specialize in movement disorders and neurological conditions. These experts have extensive experience in diagnosing and managing Oral-Facial Dyskinesia. They work collaboratively with patients to provide personalized care and develop tailored treatment plans based on individual needs.

Comprehensive Evaluation:

When patients with Oral-Facial Dyskinesia visit MarengoAsia Hospitals, they undergo a comprehensive evaluation. This evaluation includes:

  • Thorough Medical History: Specialists review the patient’s medical history, including details of symptoms, medication usage, and any underlying neurological conditions.
  • Physical Examination: A detailed physical examination is conducted to observe the involuntary movements and assess their severity.
  • Diagnostic Tests: Advanced imaging tests, such as MRI or CT scans, may be performed to rule out other potential causes and to determine the underlying factors contributing to the condition.


Tailored Treatment Plans:

After the evaluation, MarengoAsia Hospitals designs personalized treatment plans for patients with Oral-Facial Dyskinesia. These plans may include:

  • Medication Management: Specialists carefully evaluate the patient’s medication regimen and make necessary adjustments to minimize symptoms and manage the condition effectively.
  • Botulinum Toxin Injections: In cases where medication adjustments are not sufficient, specialists may recommend botulinum toxin injections. These injections target specific muscles and temporarily reduce the involuntary movements associated with Oral-Facial Dyskinesia.
  • Physical and Occupational Therapy: Therapeutic interventions, such as physical and occupational therapy, can help improve motor control and enhance daily functioning for individuals with Oral-Facial Dyskinesia.
  • Speech and Swallowing Therapy: For patients experiencing speech and swallowing difficulties, speech therapy can be beneficial in improving communication and enhancing swallowing abilities.


Holistic Support and Care:

Marengo Asia Hospitals recognizes the emotional and social impact of Oral-Facial Dyskinesia. To provide holistic support, they offer:

  • Counseling Services: Trained counselors and support groups are available to address the emotional and psychological challenges associated with living with Oral-Facial Dyskinesia.
  • Education and Guidance: Patients and their families receive comprehensive education about the condition, including coping strategies, self-care techniques, and resources to enhance their overall well-being.


Collaboration and Follow-up:

Marengo Asia Hospitals emphasizes collaboration among specialists, ensuring that patients with Oral-Facial Dyskinesia receive comprehensive care. This collaborative approach involves regular follow-up visits, close monitoring of symptoms, and adjustments to treatment plans as needed.


Promoting Awareness and Community Support:

Marengo Asia Hospitals actively participates in raising awareness about Oral-Facial Dyskinesia in the Indian community. They organize educational programs, support groups, and community outreach initiatives to provide information, resources, and a supportive network for individuals and families affected by the condition.


Marengo Asia Hospitals across India is dedicated to providing comprehensive care for patients with Oral-Facial Dyskinesia. Through their expert medical professionals, tailored treatment plans, holistic support services, and collaborative approach, they strive to enhance the quality of life for individuals living with this condition.


Contact Us

Marengo CIMS Hospital
Off Science City Road, Sola, Ahmedabad – 380060
Gujarat, INDIA

24×7 Helpline +91 70 69 00 00 00
Phone: 079 4805 1200 or 1008
+91 79 2771 2771 or 72
Fax: +91 79 2771 2770
Mobile: +91 98250 66664 or +91 98250 66668
Ambulance: +91 98244 50000
Email: info@cims.org