Marengo CIMS Hospital is dedicated to providing comprehensive healthcare services and fostering patient well-being. As part of our commitment to patient education, we have developed the Marengo CIMS Hospital Medical Encyclopedia—an invaluable online resource designed to empower patients with knowledge about various medical conditions, treatments, and preventive measures. This encyclopedia serves as a trusted and accessible repository of medical information, allowing patients to make informed decisions regarding their health and collaborate more effectively with healthcare professionals.


Nearsightedness, also known as myopia, is a common vision problem that affects individuals in India and around the world. In this article, we will explore nearsightedness in detail, with a specific focus on the Indian context. We will discuss the signs and symptoms, classification, causes, triggers, risk factors, types of nearsightedness, diagnostic tests, treatments, complications, prevention techniques, and explain the concepts in layman’s language. Our aim is to provide information that is easily understandable and accessible to everyone.

Signs and Symptoms:

Nearsightedness can present with the following signs and symptoms:

  • Blurred Vision: Objects in the distance appear blurry or unclear, while close-up objects remain relatively clear.
  • Squinting: The tendency to squint or partially close the eyes to see distant objects more clearly.
  • Eye Strain: Feeling tired or experiencing discomfort in the eyes after prolonged periods of focusing on distant objects.
  • Difficulty Seeing Road Signs or Chalkboard: Finding it challenging to read or see objects clearly from a distance.

What Is Nearsightedness? :

Nearsightedness, or myopia, is a refractive error of the eye that causes distant objects to appear blurry. It occurs when the eyeball is slightly longer than normal or when the cornea (the clear front surface of the eye) has excessive curvature. As a result, light entering the eye is focused in front of the retina instead of directly on it, leading to blurred vision.

How Is Nearsightedness Classified? :

Nearsightedness can be classified based on the severity of the condition:

  • Low Myopia: Mild nearsightedness, typically with a prescription of up to -3.00 diopters.
  • Moderate Myopia: Moderate nearsightedness, with a prescription ranging from -3.25 to -6.00 diopters.
  • High Myopia: Severe nearsightedness, characterized by a prescription exceeding -6.00 diopters.

Causes and Triggers:

The exact causes of nearsightedness are not fully understood, but several factors contribute to its development:

  • Genetic Factors: Nearsightedness tends to run in families, suggesting a genetic predisposition.
  • Environmental Factors: Excessive near work activities (such as reading or using digital devices) and limited outdoor time during childhood may increase the risk of developing nearsightedness.

Risk Factors:

Several risk factors increase the likelihood of developing nearsightedness, including:

  • Family History: Individuals with one or both parents affected by nearsightedness are at a higher risk.
  • Age: Nearsightedness often starts during childhood or adolescence and may progress until early adulthood.

Types of Nearsightedness:

Nearsightedness can manifest in different forms, depending on the severity and progression:

  • Simple Nearsightedness: Common form of nearsightedness where distant objects appear blurry, but close-up vision remains relatively clear.
  • Degenerative or Pathological Myopia: Severe nearsightedness that progressively worsens over time, potentially leading to complications like retinal detachment or macular degeneration.

Diagnostic Tests and Treatments:

Diagnosing and managing nearsightedness involves a comprehensive approach. Diagnostic tests may include:

  • Visual Acuity Test: A standard eye chart test to measure how well an individual can see at various distances.
  • Refraction Test: An examination where the eye care professional determines the precise prescription needed to correct nearsightedness.

Treatment options for nearsightedness include:

  • Eyeglasses or Contact Lenses: Prescription eyeglasses or contact lenses can compensate for the refractive error and provide clear distance vision.
  • Refractive Surgery: Procedures like LASIK (laser-assisted in situ keratomileusis) or PRK (photorefractive keratectomy) can reshape the cornea to correct nearsightedness.

Complications of Nearsightedness:

Nearsightedness, particularly high myopia, can increase the risk of certain eye complications, including:

  • Retinal Detachment: The retina detaches from the back of the eye, requiring immediate medical attention.
  • Macular Degeneration: Progressive damage to the central part of the retina, affecting sharp central vision.

Prevention Techniques:

While nearsightedness cannot be entirely prevented, the following techniques may help reduce its progression:

  • Outdoor Time: Encourage regular outdoor activities and exposure to natural light, particularly during childhood.
  • Monitor Near Work: Take regular breaks from activities that require close-up vision, such as reading or using electronic devices.
  • Optimal Lighting: Ensure appropriate lighting conditions while engaging in near work activities to reduce eye strain.

Transforming Vision Care: Marengo Asia  Hospitals Revolutionizing Nearsightedness Treatment :

Nearsightedness, also known as myopia, is a prevalent vision condition affecting millions of individuals worldwide. As the prevalence of myopia continues to rise, Marengo Asia Hospitals across India has emerged as a leading provider of comprehensive vision care. With state-of-the-art facilities, experienced ophthalmologists, and advanced treatment options, Marengo Asia  Hospitals is transforming the management of nearsightedness, offering patients personalized care and improved visual outcomes.

Accurate Diagnosis and Assessment

Marengo Asia Hospitals  prioritizes accurate diagnosis and assessment for patients with nearsightedness. Through advanced diagnostic tools and comprehensive eye examinations, ophthalmologists within the network can precisely measure the degree of myopia and identify any underlying ocular conditions contributing to the patient’s vision impairment. This thorough evaluation ensures that patients receive tailored treatment plans based on their unique needs.

Advanced Treatment Options

Marengo Asia  Hospitals offers a wide range of advanced treatment options for nearsightedness, catering to patients of all age groups. These treatments include:

  • Prescription Eyeglasses and Contact Lenses: Ophthalmologists at Marengo Network prescribe precise eyeglasses or contact lenses to correct nearsightedness. Utilizing cutting-edge technology and high-quality lenses, they ensure optimal vision correction, enhancing visual acuity and overall quality of life.
  • Orthokeratology (Ortho-K): This non-surgical treatment involves the use of specially designed gas-permeable contact lenses worn overnight to gently reshape the cornea. By temporarily correcting the curvature of the cornea, Ortho-K lenses allow patients to experience clear vision throughout the day without the need for glasses or contacts.
  • Refractive Surgery: Marengo Asia Hospitals provides access to advanced refractive surgeries such as LASIK (Laser-Assisted In Situ Keratomileusis) and PRK (Photorefractive Keratectomy). These procedures use laser technology to reshape the cornea, correcting nearsightedness and reducing dependency on corrective eyewear.

Patient Education and Lifestyle Modifications

In addition to providing treatment options, Marengo Asia  Hospitals focuses on patient education and lifestyle modifications to manage nearsightedness effectively. Patients receive guidance on proper eye care, including the importance of regular eye examinations, maintaining a healthy lifestyle, reducing screen time, and practicing appropriate visual ergonomics. These measures help slow down the progression of myopia and promote long-term eye health.

Pediatric Myopia Management

Recognizing the increasing prevalence of myopia in children, Marengo Asia Hospitals places special emphasis on pediatric myopia management. Ophthalmologists work closely with parents and children to implement evidence-based interventions such as atropine eye drops, multifocal contact lenses, and specialized spectacle lenses. These strategies help control the progression of myopia and reduce the risk of associated vision complications in the future.

Continuing Research and Innovation

Marengo Asia  Hospitals actively engages in research and innovation to advance the field of myopia treatment. By collaborating with leading researchers and ophthalmologists worldwide, they contribute to the development of new treatment modalities and myopia control strategies. This commitment to research ensures that patients at Marengo Asia  Hospitals benefit from the latest advancements in vision care.

With its patient-centric approach, advanced treatment options, and commitment to research, Marengo Asia Hospitals across India is revolutionizing the way nearsightedness is managed. By providing accurate diagnoses, personalized treatment plans, and comprehensive patient education, they empower individuals with nearsightedness to achieve improved visual outcomes and maintain long-term eye health. Through their expertise and dedication to innovation, Marengo Asia Hospitals continues to lead the way in transforming vision care for patients with nearsightedness.


Contact Us

Marengo CIMS Hospital
Off Science City Road, Sola, Ahmedabad – 380060
Gujarat, INDIA

24×7 Helpline +91 70 69 00 00 00
Phone: 079 4805 1200 or 1008
+91 79 2771 2771 or 72
Fax: +91 79 2771 2770
Mobile: +91 98250 66664 or +91 98250 66668
Ambulance: +91 98244 50000