Marengo CIMS Hospital is dedicated to providing comprehensive healthcare services and fostering patient well-being. As part of our commitment to patient education, we have developed the Marengo CIMS Hospital Medical Encyclopedia—an invaluable online resource designed to empower patients with knowledge about various medical conditions, treatments, and preventive measures. This encyclopedia serves as a trusted and accessible repository of medical information, allowing patients to make informed decisions regarding their health and collaborate more effectively with healthcare professionals.


Nail fungus, also known as onychomycosis, is a common condition that affects individuals in India and around the world. In this article, we will explore nail fungus in detail, with a specific focus on the Indian context. We will discuss the signs and symptoms, classification, causes, triggers, risk factors, types of nail fungus, diagnostic tests, treatments, complications, prevention techniques, and shed light on public figures in India who have dealt with nail fungus. Our aim is to provide information in simple and layman language, making it accessible to everyone.

Signs and Symptoms:

Nail fungus can manifest with various signs and symptoms, including:

  • Discoloration: Yellowing, white spots, or darkening of the nails.
  • Thickened Nails: Nails may become thicker and more brittle.
  • Crumbling or Brittleness: Nails may become crumbly, brittle, or prone to breaking.
  • Distorted Shape: The affected nails may develop an irregular or distorted shape.
  • Foul Odor: In some cases, nail fungus can cause a foul odor.

What Is Nail Fungus? :

Nail fungus, or onychomycosis, is a fungal infection that affects the nails, usually the toenails. It occurs when fungi, such as dermatophytes or yeasts, invade and multiply in the nail bed.

How Is Nail Fungus Classified? :

Nail fungus can be classified based on the location of infection or the type of fungus involved. The classification includes:

  • Distal Subungual Onychomycosis: The most common type of nail fungus, affecting the nail bed and the underside of the nail.
  • Superficial Onychomycosis: Affects the surface of the nail, causing white or yellow spots or streaks.
  • Proximal Subungual Onychomycosis: Infection begins at the base of the nail and progresses towards the tip.

Causes and Triggers:

  • Nail fungus occurs due to the overgrowth of fungi in the nail bed. Common causes and triggers include:
  •  Fungal Infection: Direct contact with fungi, such as walking barefoot in public places like swimming pools or gyms, can lead to nail fungus.
  •  Moist and Warm Environment: Fungi thrive in moist and warm conditions, making areas like sweaty feet or wearing tight-fitting shoes more prone to infection.
  •  Weakened Immune System: Individuals with weakened immune systems, such as those with diabetes or HIV, are more susceptible to nail fungus.

Risk Factors:

Several risk factors increase the likelihood of developing nail fungus, including:

  •  Aging: As individuals age, the nails can become more brittle and susceptible to fungal infections.
  •  Poor Foot Hygiene: Inadequate foot hygiene, such as not drying the feet properly or wearing dirty socks, can increase the risk.
  •  Nail Trauma: Injuries to the nails, such as stubbing or repetitive pressure, can create openings for fungal infection.

Types of Nail Fungus:

Nail fungus can manifest in different forms, depending on the type of fungus involved and the location of the infection. Common types include:

  • Distal Subungual Onychomycosis: The most prevalent type, characterized by yellow or white discoloration, thickening, and crumbling of the nail.
  •  Superficial Onychomycosis: Affects the top layers of the nail, causing white or yellow spots or streaks on the surface.
  •  Proximal Subungual Onychomycosis: Infection starts at the base of the nail and progresses towards the cuticle, often associated with underlying immune system disorders.

Diagnostic Tests and Treatments:

Diagnosing and treating nail fungus involves a comprehensive approach. Diagnostic tests may include:

  • Clinical Examination: A healthcare professional will examine the nails visually and ask about symptoms and medical history.
  • Nail Sample Analysis: A sample of the affected nail may be collected for laboratory testing to identify the specific fungus causing the infection.

 Treatment options for nail fungus depend on the severity and location of the infection. They may include:

  •  Topical Medications: Antifungal creams, lotions, or nail lacquers can be applied directly to the affected nails.
  •  Oral Medications: Prescription oral antifungal medications may be recommended for more severe or persistent cases.
  •  Nail Removal: In severe cases, surgical removal of the affected nail may be necessary to allow topical or oral treatments to reach the underlying infection.

Complications of Nail Fungus:

 If left untreated, nail fungus can lead to discomfort, pain, and potential complications such as the spread of infection to other nails or the surrounding skin.

Prevention Techniques:

To prevent nail fungus, consider the following techniques:

  •  Maintain Proper Foot Hygiene: Keep your feet clean and dry, regularly trim your nails, and wear breathable socks and well-fitting shoes.
  •  Protect Feet in Public Areas: Use protective footwear, such as sandals, in public areas like swimming pools or communal showers.
  •  Avoid Sharing Personal Items: Do not share nail clippers, files, or other personal items that may carry fungal spores.

 Marengo Asia   Hospitals: Leading the Fight Against Nail Fungus :

Nail fungus, medically known as onychomycosis, is a common condition that affects millions of people worldwide. It can cause discomfort, pain, and embarrassment, leading to a significant impact on the quality of life for those affected. Marengo Asia  Hospitals across India has emerged as a leading healthcare provider in the fight against nail fungus. Through their expertise, state-of-the-art facilities, and comprehensive treatment approach, Marengo Asia Hospitals   is helping patients effectively manage and overcome this challenging condition.

Specialized Dermatologists and Podiatrists

At  Marengo Asia  Hospitals, patients with nail fungus benefit from the expertise of specialized dermatologists and podiatrists. These medical professionals possess in-depth knowledge and experience in the diagnosis and treatment of nail conditions. They employ a systematic approach to evaluate and determine the severity of the infection, considering factors such as the type of fungus involved and the extent of nail involvement. By accurately assessing the condition, they can devise tailored treatment plans that address the unique needs of each patient.

Cutting-Edge Diagnostic Techniques

Accurate diagnosis is crucial for effective treatment.  Marengo Asia  Hospitals utilizes cutting-edge diagnostic techniques to identify the specific type of fungus causing the infection. This information is essential in determining the most appropriate treatment approach. Through advanced laboratory tests, including fungal cultures and microscopic examinations, the hospitals ensure accurate identification, enabling targeted treatment strategies.

Comprehensive Treatment Options

Marengo Asia  Hospitals offers a range of comprehensive treatment options for nail fungus, ensuring that patients have access to the most effective therapies. The hospitals employ a combination of topical antifungal medications, oral medications, and innovative treatments such as laser therapy to eliminate the infection. These treatments target the fungus directly, promoting healthy nail regrowth while minimizing the risk of recurrence.

In addition to medical interventions,  Marengo Asia Hospitals also focuses on patient education and prevention strategies. They provide guidance on proper foot and nail hygiene, recommend suitable footwear, and educate patients about potential risk factors that may contribute to the development or recurrence of nail fungus. By empowering patients with knowledge, the hospitals help prevent future infections and promote long-term nail health.

Advanced Facilities and Sterilization Protocols

Marengo Asia  Hospitals is equipped with advanced facilities to ensure optimal care for patients with nail fungus. From state-of-the-art clinics to dedicated dermatology units, the hospitals provide a comfortable and sterile environment for treatment. Strict sterilization protocols are followed to minimize the risk of cross-contamination and ensure patient safety. By adhering to the highest standards of hygiene and infection control, Marengo Asia  Hospitals creates a conducive environment for effective treatment and recovery.

Compassionate Patient Care

At the core of  Marengo Asia  Hospitals approach to healthcare is compassionate patient care. The hospitals prioritize patient comfort, providing a supportive environment for individuals seeking treatment for nail fungus. The medical staff is trained to address patients’ concerns and provide guidance throughout the treatment process. This personalized care helps alleviate the anxiety and distress associated with nail fungus, fostering a positive patient experience.

Continued Follow-Up and Support

Marengo Asia  Hospitals believes in the importance of continued follow-up and support for patients with nail fungus. Regular appointments and check-ups are scheduled to monitor treatment progress, address any concerns, and make adjustments to the treatment plan, if necessary. By providing ongoing support, the hospitals ensure that patients receive the best possible care until complete resolution of the infection.

Nail fungus can be a persistent and frustrating condition, but  Marengo Asia Hospitals across India is equipped with the expertise, resources, and comprehensive treatment options to effectively manage and treat this condition. Through specialized dermatologists, cutting-edge diagnostics, advanced facilities, and compassionate patient care, Marengo Asia Hospitals is leading the fight against nail fungus. By seeking treatment at these hospitals, patients can regain healthy nails, restore confidence, and improve their overall well-being.


Contact Us

Marengo CIMS Hospital
Off Science City Road, Sola, Ahmedabad – 380060
Gujarat, INDIA

24×7 Helpline +91 70 69 00 00 00
Phone: 079 4805 1200 or 1008
+91 79 2771 2771 or 72
Fax: +91 79 2771 2770
Mobile: +91 98250 66664 or +91 98250 66668
Ambulance: +91 98244 50000