Marengo CIMS Hospital is dedicated to providing comprehensive healthcare services and fostering patient well-being. As part of our commitment to patient education, we have developed the Marengo CIMS Hospital Medical Encyclopedia—an invaluable online resource designed to empower patients with knowledge about various medical conditions, treatments, and preventive measures. This encyclopedia serves as a trusted and accessible repository of medical information, allowing patients to make informed decisions regarding their health and collaborate more effectively with healthcare professionals.


Kawasaki disease is an uncommon but significant childhood illness that primarily affects children under the age of five. Understanding the signs, symptoms, causes, diagnostic tests, treatment options, and prevention techniques for Kawasaki disease is crucial, especially in the context of India. In this article, we will delve into the intricacies of Kawasaki disease while aiming to explain complex medical terminologies in simple layman language.

What is Kawasaki Disease? :

Kawasaki disease, also known as Kawasaki syndrome, is an inflammatory condition that affects the blood vessels throughout the body, including the coronary arteries. It predominantly occurs in young children and can lead to complications if left untreated. The exact cause of Kawasaki disease is unknown, but early recognition and appropriate treatment are vital to prevent potential long-term heart problems.

Signs and Symptoms of Kawasaki Disease:
The signs and symptoms of Kawasaki disease may vary from child to child, but commonly include:

  • Prolonged high fever (lasting more than five days)
  • Redness and swelling of the hands and feet
  • Rash on the trunk and genital area
  • Bloodshot eyes
  • Swollen and cracked lips
  • Strawberry tongue (red and bumpy)
  • Swollen lymph nodes in the neck
  • Irritability and general discomfort

What Is Kawasaki Disease Classified? :
Kawasaki disease is typically classified into three phases:

  • Acute Phase: This initial phase is characterized by persistent fever and the onset of other symptoms. It is crucial to recognize this phase promptly for early diagnosis and treatment.
  • Subacute Phase: During this phase, the fever subsides, but other symptoms, such as peeling skin on the fingers and toes, joint pain, and gastrointestinal issues, may appear.
  • Convalescent Phase: In this phase, the child’s symptoms gradually resolve, and the recovery process begins. However, it is important to continue monitoring the child’s health and follow-up with medical professionals.

Causes and Triggers for Kawasaki Disease:
The exact cause of Kawasaki disease remains unknown. However, several factors may contribute to its development:

  • Genetics: Certain genetic predispositions may make some children more susceptible to Kawasaki disease.
  • Infectious Triggers: While Kawasaki disease is not contagious, it is believed that certain viral or bacterial infections may act as triggers, potentially leading to an abnormal immune response in susceptible individuals.

Risk Factors with Examples of Kawasaki Disease:
Several risk factors increase the likelihood of developing Kawasaki disease, including:

  • Age: Kawasaki disease primarily affects children under the age of five, with the highest incidence occurring in children between one and two years old.
  • Gender: Boys are slightly more prone to Kawasaki disease than girls, although it can affect both genders.
  • Ethnicity: Kawasaki disease has been observed to be more common in individuals of Asian descent, including those in India.

Types of Kawasaki Disease:
Kawasaki disease is typically classified into two types:

  • Typical Kawasaki Disease: This is the most common form, presenting with the classic set of symptoms described earlier.
  • Incomplete Kawasaki Disease: In some cases, children may exhibit fewer symptoms or atypical manifestations, making diagnosis challenging. These cases are classified as incomplete Kawasaki disease.

Diagnostic Tests and Treatment Options:
To diagnose and treat Kawasaki disease, healthcare professionals employ various methods:

  • Physical Examination: Medical professionals carefully assess the child’s symptoms, including the characteristic rash, swollen lymph nodes, and other clinical signs associated with Kawasaki disease.
  •  Blood Tests: These tests help detect elevated levels of specific markers, such as C-reactive protein (CRP) and erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR), which indicate inflammation in the body.
  •  Echocardiogram: This non-invasive ultrasound test allows doctors to evaluate the structure and function of the heart, particularly the coronary arteries. It helps detect any potential abnormalities or inflammation.
  •  Intravenous Immunoglobulin (IVIG) Treatment: IVIG is a treatment method that involves administering antibodies from donated blood to help reduce inflammation and prevent complications. It is typically given in combination with high-dose aspirin.
  •  Aspirin: High-dose aspirin is prescribed during the acute phase to help reduce fever and inflammation. In the subacute phase, the aspirin dosage is adjusted to prevent blood clotting while minimizing the risk of complications.

 Complications and Prevention Techniques:
Kawasaki disease can lead to various complications, particularly if not promptly diagnosed and treated. These complications may include:

  • Coronary Artery Aneurysms: Inflammation of the coronary arteries can result in the development of bulges or weakened areas known as aneurysms. These can lead to serious heart problems, such as heart attacks or abnormal blood clot formation.
  •  Heart Valve Problems: Kawasaki disease can also affect the heart valves, leading to valve regurgitation or stenosis.

Preventing Kawasaki disease involves:
Early Diagnosis and Treatment: Recognizing the symptoms and seeking medical attention promptly is crucial for timely diagnosis and initiation of treatment.

  • Vaccinations: While there is no specific vaccine for Kawasaki disease, ensuring that children receive routine vaccinations can help prevent certain infections that may trigger the condition.
  • Good Hygiene Practices: Encouraging regular handwashing and maintaining good hygiene practices can help reduce the risk of exposure to infectious triggers.

Kawasaki disease is a challenging condition that requires specialized care and treatment, especially for young children. In the context of India, where healthcare access and quality are of utmost importance, Marengo Asia Hospitals stands out as a leading healthcare provider dedicated to handling patients with Kawasaki disease. In this article, we will explore how Marengo Asia Hospitals across India effectively manages patients with Kawasaki disease, ensuring comprehensive care and support.

Specialized Pediatric Units:

Marengo Asia Hospitals boasts specialized pediatric units that cater to the unique needs of children with Kawasaki disease. These units are equipped with state-of-the-art facilities and staffed with experienced pediatricians, nurses, and support personnel who are trained to handle the complexities of this condition. The hospitals prioritize creating a child-friendly environment to ensure the comfort and well-being of young patients and their families.

Early Recognition and Diagnosis:

Timely recognition and accurate diagnosis are crucial for effective management of Kawasaki disease. The hospitals within Marengo Asia Hospitals employ skilled medical professionals who are well-versed in recognizing the signs and symptoms associated with Kawasaki disease. Through meticulous physical examinations and a thorough review of the patient’s medical history, they strive to promptly identify the condition, enabling early intervention and treatment.

Collaborative Multidisciplinary Approach: 

Marengo Asia Hospitals adopts a collaborative multidisciplinary approach to managing patients with Kawasaki disease. A team of specialists, including pediatric cardiologists, rheumatologists, and infectious disease experts, work together to provide comprehensive care. This multidisciplinary approach ensures that all aspects of the condition are addressed, including potential complications involving the heart and other organs.

Diagnostic Expertise:

Accurate diagnosis is paramount for tailoring appropriate treatment plans. The hospitals within Marengo Asia Hospitals are equipped with advanced diagnostic facilities to facilitate precise assessments. They utilize a combination of physical examinations, blood tests, and imaging techniques to evaluate the extent of inflammation, monitor cardiac health, and identify any potential complications. These diagnostic measures aid in developing individualized treatment strategies for each patient.

Individualized Treatment Plans:

Each patient with Kawasaki disease requires an individualized treatment plan based on their specific needs and the stage of the disease. Marengo Asia Hospitals excels in developing customized treatment strategies that may include a combination of medication, supportive care, and monitoring. The hospitals closely monitor patients’ response to treatment, adjusting the plan as necessary to ensure optimal outcomes.

Intravenous Immunoglobulin (IVIG) Treatment:

IVIG treatment is a crucial component of managing Kawasaki disease. Marengo Asia Hospitals administers IVIG to patients with Kawasaki disease in accordance with established guidelines. IVIG contains concentrated antibodies that help reduce inflammation and prevent complications. Highly trained medical professionals closely monitor patients during IVIG administration to ensure safety and efficacy.

Cardiac Evaluation and Follow-up:

Given the potential involvement of the coronary arteries in Kawasaki disease, cardiac evaluation is an integral part of patient care. Marengo Asia Hospitals utilizes advanced cardiac imaging techniques, such as echocardiography, to assess the heart’s structure and function. Regular follow-up appointments are scheduled to monitor the patient’s cardiac health and detect any potential long-term complications.

Rehabilitation and Support Services:

Kawasaki disease can have physical and emotional effects on young patients. Marengo Asia Hospitals recognizes the importance of comprehensive care beyond the acute phase. They provide rehabilitation services, including physical therapy and occupational therapy, to aid in recovery and restore optimal functionality. Additionally, the hospitals offer counseling services and support groups to assist patients and their families throughout the treatment journey.

Community Outreach and Education:

Marengo Asia Hospitals actively engages in community outreach and educational initiatives to raise awareness about Kawasaki disease. They conduct awareness campaigns, workshops, and seminars to educate parents, caregivers, and healthcare professionals about the signs, symptoms, and preventive measures associated with the condition. By empowering the community with knowledge, the network aims to facilitate early detection and intervention, ultimately reducing the impact of Kawasaki disease on children in India.

Marengo Asia Hospitals across India stands at the forefront of providing specialized care for patients with Kawasaki disease. Through their expertise, state-of-the-art facilities, multidisciplinary approach, and community outreach efforts, they ensure that children with Kawasaki disease receive comprehensive care, from early recognition and accurate diagnosis to individualized treatment plans and ongoing support.


Contact Us

Marengo CIMS Hospital
Off Science City Road, Sola, Ahmedabad – 380060
Gujarat, INDIA

24×7 Helpline +91 70 69 00 00 00
Phone: 079 4805 1200 or 1008
+91 79 2771 2771 or 72
Fax: +91 79 2771 2770
Mobile: +91 98250 66664 or +91 98250 66668
Ambulance: +91 98244 50000
Email: info@cims.org