Marengo CIMS Hospital is dedicated to providing comprehensive healthcare services and fostering patient well-being. As part of our commitment to patient education, we have developed the Marengo CIMS Hospital Medical Encyclopedia—an invaluable online resource designed to empower patients with knowledge about various medical conditions, treatments, and preventive measures. This encyclopedia serves as a trusted and accessible repository of medical information, allowing patients to make informed decisions regarding their health and collaborate more effectively with healthcare professionals.


Johnson-Stevens Disease, also known as Stevens-Johnson Syndrome (SJS), is a rare but severe disorder that primarily affects the skin and mucous membranes. This article aims to provide a comprehensive understanding of Johnson-Stevens Disease, its signs and symptoms, classification, causes and triggers, risk factors, diagnostic tests, treatments, complications, prevention techniques, and notable public figures in India who have been diagnosed with this condition.

What is Johnson-Stevens Disease :

Johnson-Stevens Disease is a potentially life-threatening condition characterized by a severe reaction that often starts with flu-like symptoms and progresses to a painful rash, blisters, and skin peeling. It is considered a medical emergency, requiring immediate medical attention.

Signs and Symptoms of Johnson-Stevens Disease:

Flu-like symptoms: Fever, sore throat, cough, body aches.

  • Skin rash: Red or purplish rash that spreads rapidly and may be painful.
  • Blisters: Large blisters that may form on the skin, mouth, nose, and eyes.
  • Skin peeling: The affected skin may start to peel off, leaving raw areas.

How is Johnson-Stevens Disease Classified :

Johnson-Stevens Disease is classified into three categories based on the percentage of skin involvement:

  • Stevens-Johnson Syndrome (SJS): Involves less than 10% of the body surface area.
  • Overlapping Stevens-Johnson Syndrome and Toxic Epidermal Necrolysis (SJS/TEN overlap): Involves 10-30% of the body surface area.
  • Toxic Epidermal Necrolysis (TEN): Involves more than 30% of the body surface area.

Causes and Triggers of Johnson-Stevens Disease:

The exact cause of Johnson-Stevens Disease is not fully understood, but it is often triggered by an adverse reaction to medications, infections, or other underlying health conditions. Common triggers include:

  • Medications: Antibiotics (e.g., sulfa drugs), anticonvulsants (e.g., phenytoin), nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (e.g., ibuprofen), and certain types of antidepressants.
  • Infections: Viral infections, such as herpes, influenza, and HIV, as well as bacterial and fungal infections.
  • Genetic factors: Certain genetic markers have been associated with an increased risk of developing the condition.

Risk Factors with Examples for Johnson-Stevens Disease:

While Johnson-Stevens Disease can affect anyone, certain factors may increase the risk:

  • Age: It can occur at any age, but children and young adults are more susceptible.
  • Gender: Females tend to be at a slightly higher risk.
  • Underlying health conditions: Individuals with autoimmune disorders, HIV/AIDS, or a history of organ transplantation are at a higher risk.

Types of Johnson-Stevens Disease:

  • Stevens-Johnson Syndrome (SJS): This form involves skin detachment in less than 10% of the body surface area.
  • SJS/TEN overlap: This category represents an intermediate stage between SJS and TEN, with skin detachment ranging from 10% to 30% of the body surface area.
  • Toxic Epidermal Necrolysis (TEN): The most severe form, with extensive skin detachment affecting over 30% of the body surface area. 

Diagnostic Tests and Treatments:

Diagnosing Johnson-Stevens Disease typically involves a combination of medical history, physical examination, and laboratory tests. These may include:

  • Skin biopsy: A small sample of affected skin is taken and examined under a microscope.
  • Blood tests: To assess organ function, identify possible triggers, and monitor electrolyte levels.
  • Ophthalmologic examination: To evaluate eye involvement, as it can lead to severe complications.

Treatment of Johnson-Stevens Disease requires immediate hospitalization and is focused on:

  • Identifying and discontinuing the triggering medication or addressing the underlying infection.
  • Providing supportive care, including pain management, wound care, and fluid/electrolyte balance.
  • In severe cases, patients may require specialized burn unit care.

Complications of Johnson-Stevens Disease:

Johnson-Stevens Disease can lead to several complications, including:

  • Secondary skin infections.
  • Eye complications, such as corneal damage and vision impairment.
  • Scarring and disfigurement.
  • Respiratory complications due to airway involvement.
  • Long-term psychological effects.

 Prevention Techniques:

Prevention techniques for Johnson-Stevens Disease include:

  • Awareness of potential triggers and informing healthcare providers about previous reactions to medications.
  • Genetic testing to identify high-risk individuals.
  • Prompt medical attention when experiencing symptoms that may indicate Johnson-Stevens Disease.

Johnson-Stevens Disease, also known as Stevens-Johnson Syndrome (SJS), is a rare but serious medical condition that requires specialized care and treatment. With its complex symptoms and potentially life-threatening complications, patients affected by SJS require immediate medical attention. Marengo Asia Hospitals, renowned for its expertise in various medical fields, has emerged as a leading provider of comprehensive care for patients with Johnson-Stevens Disease across India. In this article, we will explore how Marengo Asia Hospitals is equipped to handle the challenges posed by this rare condition.

Specialized Expertise:

Marengo Asia Hospitals composed of a network of hospitals and medical centers across India, known for their excellence in various medical specialties. When it comes to treating Johnson-Stevens Disease, the network employs a multidisciplinary approach that involves dermatologists, ophthalmologists, pulmonologists, and other specialists who work together to provide comprehensive care for patients. This integrated approach ensures that all aspects of the disease, from the skin manifestations to potential ocular, respiratory, and systemic complications, are addressed with the highest level of expertise.

State-of-the-Art Facilities:

Marengo Asia Hospitals boasts state-of-the-art facilities equipped with cutting-edge technology. This allows for accurate diagnosis, monitoring, and treatment of Johnson-Stevens Disease patients. Advanced diagnostic imaging techniques, such as high-resolution digital cameras and confocal microscopy, aid in the early detection and assessment of skin and ocular lesions associated with SJS. These facilities enable healthcare professionals to closely monitor the progression of the disease, ensuring timely interventions to prevent severe complications.

Comprehensive Treatment Modalities:

The treatment of Johnson-Stevens Disease requires a multi-pronged approach. Marengo Asia Hospitals offers a wide range of treatment modalities to address the unique needs of each patient. The network’s expert dermatologists are skilled in prescribing appropriate medications to manage the symptoms and minimize the progression of the disease. Additionally, the network’s ophthalmologists are well-versed in managing ocular complications, such as conjunctivitis, corneal erosion, and vision impairment, which are common in SJS patients. The network’s pulmonologists are also equipped to manage respiratory complications that may arise.

In addition to medical treatment, Marengo Asia Hospitals recognizes the importance of psychological support for patients and their families. SJS can be emotionally and psychologically challenging for patients, and the network provides counseling services to help patients cope with the impact of the disease on their mental well-being.

Collaboration and Research:

Marengo Asia Hospitals actively engages in collaborative research efforts to further understand Johnson-Stevens Disease and develop improved treatment strategies. By partnering with leading research institutions and participating in clinical trials, the network remains at the forefront of medical advancements in the field of SJS. This commitment to research ensures that patients receive the most up-to-date and evidence-based care available.

Marengo Asia Hospitals stands as a beacon of hope for patients with Johnson-Stevens Disease across India. With its specialized expertise, state-of-the-art facilities, comprehensive treatment modalities, and commitment to research, the network is well-equipped to provide top-notch care to patients affected by this rare and challenging condition.


Contact Us

Marengo CIMS Hospital
Off Science City Road, Sola, Ahmedabad – 380060
Gujarat, INDIA

24×7 Helpline +91 70 69 00 00 00
Phone: 079 4805 1200 or 1008
+91 79 2771 2771 or 72
Fax: +91 79 2771 2770
Mobile: +91 98250 66664 or +91 98250 66668
Ambulance: +91 98244 50000