Marengo CIMS Hospital is dedicated to providing comprehensive healthcare services and fostering patient well-being. As part of our commitment to patient education, we have developed the Marengo CIMS Hospital Medical Encyclopedia—an invaluable online resource designed to empower patients with knowledge about various medical conditions, treatments, and preventive measures. This encyclopedia serves as a trusted and accessible repository of medical information, allowing patients to make informed decisions regarding their health and collaborate more effectively with healthcare professionals.


Glaucoma is a prevalent eye condition that affects individuals in India and worldwide. In this article, we will delve into the details of glaucoma, with a specific focus on the Indian context. We will discuss the signs and symptoms, classification, causes, triggers, risk factors, types of glaucoma, diagnostic tests, treatments, complications, prevention techniques, and shed light on public figures in India who have been diagnosed with glaucoma. Our aim is to provide information in a simple and layman language, making it accessible to everyone.

Signs and Symptoms:

Glaucoma may not exhibit noticeable symptoms in its early stages. However, as the condition progresses, individuals may experience the following signs:

  • Gradual Loss of Peripheral Vision: A gradual reduction in the side or peripheral vision.
  • Tunnel Vision: The individual’s field of vision narrows, resembling looking through a tunnel.
  • Blurred Vision: A decline in clarity and sharpness of vision.
  • Halos around Lights: Seeing rainbow-colored circles or halos around lights.
  • Eye Pain or Headaches: Eye discomfort or headaches, particularly around the temples or forehead.

What Is Glaucoma?

Glaucoma is an eye condition characterized by damage to the optic nerve, which transmits visual information from the eye to the brain. This damage is often associated with increased pressure within the eye, known as intraocular pressure (IOP). If left untreated, glaucoma can lead to permanent vision loss.

How Is Glaucoma Classified?

Glaucoma can be classified into various types based on different factors. The two main classifications are:

  • Open-angle Glaucoma: The most common form of glaucoma, where the drainage canals in the eye become less efficient over time, leading to increased IOP.
  • Angle-closure Glaucoma: A less common form in which the iris blocks the drainage angle, preventing the normal outflow of fluid and resulting in a sudden increase in IOP.

Causes and Triggers:

The exact cause of glaucoma is not fully understood. However, it is primarily associated with increased IOP, which can damage the optic nerve over time. Factors that contribute to increased IOP and trigger glaucoma include:

  • Impaired Drainage: Blockage or reduced efficiency of the eye’s drainage system, leading to fluid buildup and increased pressure.
  • Optic Nerve Sensitivity: Some individuals may have optic nerves that are more susceptible to damage from increased IOP.

Risk Factors:

Several risk factors increase the likelihood of developing glaucoma, including:

  • Age: The risk of glaucoma increases with age, particularly after the age of 40.
  • Family History: Having a close relative with glaucoma increases the risk of developing the condition.
  • Ethnicity: Certain ethnic groups, such as Indians, have a higher predisposition to glaucoma.

Types of Glaucoma:

Glaucoma can manifest in different forms, each with unique characteristics. Common types of glaucoma include:

  • Primary Open-Angle Glaucoma (POAG): The most prevalent type, which progresses slowly without noticeable symptoms until significant vision loss occurs.
  • Angle-Closure Glaucoma: Characterized by sudden and severe symptoms, including eye pain, blurred vision, and halos around lights.
  • Normal-Tension Glaucoma: In this type, the optic nerve is damaged despite normal IOP levels, indicating other factors may contribute to the damage.

Diagnostic Tests and Treatments:

Diagnosing and treating glaucoma involves comprehensive eye examinations. Diagnostic tests may include:

  • Tonometry: Measures the IOP to determine if it falls within the normal range or is elevated.
  • Visual Field Test: Evaluates the peripheral vision by determining the ability to see objects in various locations.
  • Optical Coherence Tomography (OCT): Provides detailed images of the optic nerve and retinal layers to assess for damage.

Treatment options for glaucoma aim to lower IOP and prevent further optic nerve damage. They may include:

  • Eye Drops: Medications are often prescribed to reduce IOP by increasing fluid drainage or decreasing fluid production.
  • Laser Therapy: Laser procedures can help improve fluid outflow and reduce IOP in specific cases.
  • Microsurgery: Surgical interventions, such as trabeculectomy or tube shunt implants, may be recommended to improve fluid drainage.

Complications of Glaucoma:

If left untreated, glaucoma can lead to progressive vision loss and potentially irreversible blindness. Regular monitoring and adherence to treatment plans are crucial to minimize complications.

Prevention Techniques:

While glaucoma cannot be completely prevented, certain measures can help reduce the risk and slow its progression:

  • Regular Eye Examinations: Undergo comprehensive eye exams regularly, especially if you have risk factors or a family history of glaucoma.
  • Medication Adherence: Follow the prescribed treatment plan, including the regular use of eye drops, to manage IOP effectively.

Glaucoma is a leading cause of irreversible blindness worldwide, posing a significant challenge to patients and healthcare providers. Marengo Asia Hospitals across India has established itself as a pioneering force in the field of eye care, offering cutting-edge solutions and comprehensive management for patients with glaucoma. With their multidisciplinary approach, state-of-the-art facilities, and a dedicated team of experts, Marengo Asia Hospital is transforming the way glaucoma is diagnosed, treated, and managed.

Early Detection and Diagnosis

Timely detection and accurate diagnosis are crucial in managing glaucoma effectively. Marengo Asia Hospitals emphasizes the importance of regular eye screenings and educates the public about the risk factors and warning signs associated with glaucoma. With their advanced diagnostic tools, such as optical coherence tomography (OCT) and visual field testing, they can identify subtle changes in the optic nerve and detect glaucoma at its earliest stages. This early intervention allows for timely treatment and helps preserve patients’ vision.

Comprehensive Treatment Options

Marengo Asia Hospitals offers a comprehensive range of treatment options to address various forms and stages of glaucoma. Their team of highly skilled ophthalmologists and glaucoma specialists is experienced in both medical and surgical interventions, enabling them to tailor treatment plans to each patient’s specific needs.

Medical therapies, including eye drops, oral medications, and innovative drug delivery systems, are employed to control intraocular pressure (IOP), a key factor in glaucoma progression. Marengo Asia Hospitals ensures that patients receive personalized treatment regimens and provides education on proper administration and adherence to medication.

In cases where medical management alone may not be sufficient, surgical interventions are considered. The hospitals boast advanced glaucoma surgical techniques, such as trabeculectomy, minimally invasive glaucoma surgery (MIGS), and laser procedures like selective laser trabeculoplasty (SLT) and laser peripheral iridotomy (LPI). These procedures help reduce IOP and preserve vision by improving fluid drainage in the eye.

Leveraging Technology for Precision and Safety

Marengo Asia Hospitals harnesses the power of cutting-edge technology to enhance glaucoma care. They employ advanced imaging systems and diagnostic tools to monitor disease progression accurately. This includes devices like scanning laser ophthalmoscopy, which provides detailed images of the optic nerve, and visual field analyzers to assess peripheral vision. By using these technologies, the hospitals can develop personalized treatment plans and closely monitor patients’ response to therapy.

The hospitals also invest in innovative surgical technologies, such as minimally invasive glaucoma surgery devices and laser systems, to improve surgical outcomes and reduce the risk of complications. These advancements allow for safer procedures, faster recovery times, and improved patient satisfaction.

Patient Education and Support

Marengo Asia Hospitals understands the importance of patient education and support in managing glaucoma effectively. They provide comprehensive information about the condition, treatment options, and lifestyle modifications that can help patients maintain their ocular health. Regular follow-up visits and counseling sessions are conducted to address any concerns or queries that patients may have.

Additionally, the network offers support groups and counseling services to help patients and their families cope with the emotional and psychological aspects of living with glaucoma. By providing a supportive environment, Marengo Asia Hospitals aims to empower patients to actively participate in their own care and optimize their quality of life.

Continual Research and Advancements

Marengo Asia Hospitals is actively involved in glaucoma research and clinical trials, collaborating with renowned institutions and pharmaceutical companies to explore new treatment modalities and therapeutic options. By staying at the forefront of scientific advancements, the network ensures that patients have access to the latest innovations in glaucoma management, further improving treatment outcomes and preserving vision.

Glaucoma poses a significant threat to vision and quality of life, but Marengo Asia Hospitals across India is leading the charge in revolutionizing glaucoma care. Through their multidisciplinary approach, emphasis on early detection, comprehensive treatment options, integration of cutting-edge technology, patient education, and continual research, Marengo Asia Hospital is transforming the management of glaucoma. With their unwavering commitment to excellence, the network offers hope and improved vision outcomes for patients battling this sight-threatening disease.


Contact Us

Marengo CIMS Hospital
Off Science City Road, Sola, Ahmedabad – 380060
Gujarat, INDIA

24×7 Helpline +91 70 69 00 00 00
Phone: 079 4805 1200 or 1008
+91 79 2771 2771 or 72
Fax: +91 79 2771 2770
Mobile: +91 98250 66664 or +91 98250 66668
Ambulance: +91 98244 50000