Marengo CIMS Hospital is dedicated to providing comprehensive healthcare services and fostering patient well-being. As part of our commitment to patient education, we have developed the Marengo CIMS Hospital Medical Encyclopedia—an invaluable online resource designed to empower patients with knowledge about various medical conditions, treatments, and preventive measures. This encyclopedia serves as a trusted and accessible repository of medical information, allowing patients to make informed decisions regarding their health and collaborate more effectively with healthcare professionals.


Fibroids are a common healthconcern for many women in India. These noncancerous growths in the uterus can cause a range of symptoms and impact women’s quality of life. This article aims to provide a comprehensive understanding of fibroids, including their signs and symptoms, causes, risk factors, types, diagnostic tests, treatment options, complications, prevention techniques, and examples of public figures in India who have been diagnosed with fibroids.


What are Fibroids:

Fibroids, also known as uterine leiomyomas, are benign tumors that develop in the uterus. They are composed of smooth muscle cells and fibrous tissue. Fibroids can vary in size, number, and location within the muterus, and they can cause various symptoms depending on their characteristics and position.


Symptoms andSigns of Fibroids:

The signs and symptoms of fibroids can vary among individuals, and some women ay experience no symptoms at pressureall. However, common signs and symptoms include:

  • Heavy or prolonged menstrual periods.ods.
  • Pelvic pain or .
  • Increased menstrul cramping.
  • Frequent urination.a
  • Constipation or difficulty emptying the bladder.
  • Enlarged abdomen or a feeling of fullness.

What are Fibroids and How are They Diagnosed:

Fibroids are noncancerous growths that develop in the uterus. They can range in size from small seedlings to large masses. Fibroids are diagnosed through a combination of medical history assessment, physical examination, and diagnostic tests.


Causes and Triggers for Fibroids:

The exact cause of fibroids is unknown. However, certain factors can contribute to their development and growth, including:

  • Hormonal Influence: Estrogen and progesterone levels are believed to play a role in fibroid growth. Fibroids tend to develop and grow during the reproductive years when hormone levels are higher.
  • Genetic Predisposition: Family history and genetics can influence the likelihood of developing fibroids.
  • Ethnicity: Certain ethnic groups, including women of African descent, have a higher prevalence of fibroids.
  • Hormonal Imbalances: Conditions such as polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) or obesity, which involve hormonal imbalances, may increase the risk of fibroids.


Risk Factors for Fibroids in India:

Risk factors associated with fibroids include:

  • Age: Fibroids are more common in women of reproductive age, particularly in their 30s and 40s.
  • Family History: Having a close relative with fibroids increases the likelihood of developing them.
  • Obesity: Excess body weight is associated with an increased risk of fibroids.
  • Ethnicity: Women of African descent are more prone to fibroids.
  • Early Onset of Menstruation: Starting menstruation at an early age increases the risk of fibroids.


Types of Fibroids:

  • Intramural Fibroids: These are the most common type and develop within the uterine wall.
  • Subserosal Fibroids: These grow on the outer surface of the uterus, projecting outward.
  • Submucosal Fibroids: These develop just underneath the inner lining of the uterus and can protrude into the uterine cavity.
  • Pedunculated Fibroids: These fibroids grow on stalks, either within the uterus or on its outer surface.


Diagnostic Tests and Treatment for Fibroids:

  • Pelvic Examination: A healthcare provider may perform a pelvic examination to assess the size, shape, and position of the uterus.
  • Ultrasound: Transabdominal or transvaginal ultrasound provides detailed images of the uterus and can help identify the presence, size, and location of fibroids.
  • Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI): MRI provides detailed images of fibroids and helps assess their characteristics, such as size, number, and position.
  • Hysteroscopy: This procedure involves inserting a thin, lighted tube into the uterus to visualize the uterine cavity and detect submucosal fibroids.
  • Endometrial Biopsy: If abnormal bleeding or other uterine conditions are present, a small tissue sample may be taken for further analysis.

Treatment Options:

Treatment for fibroids varies based on the individual’s symptoms, age, desire for future pregnancies, and the size and location of the fibroids. Options may include medication to manage symptoms, minimally invasive procedures like uterine artery embolization or laparoscopic myomectomy, or surgical interventions like hysterectomy.


Complications and Prevention of Fibroids:

Complications associated with fibroids may include severe menstrual bleeding, anemia, pelvic pain, infertility, and complications during pregnancy or labor. While prevention of fibroids is not always possible, certain strategies can help reduce the risk or minimize symptoms, such as maintaining a healthy weight, managing hormone levels, and seeking timely medical care for abnormal bleeding or pelvic pain.

Fibroids, also known as uterine leiomyomas, are a common health concern among women, causing significant discomfort and impacting their overall quality of life. Recognizing the urgency of addressing this issue, Marengo Asia Hospital across India has embarked on a transformative mission to provide comprehensive and specialized care for patients suffering from fibroids. Through their commitment to cutting-edge technology, skilled medical professionals, and patient-centered approaches, Marengo Asia Hospital is poised to revolutionize fibroid treatment in India.


Advanced Diagnostic Capabilities:

The first step in managing fibroids effectively is accurate diagnosis. Marengo Asia Hospitals ensures that patients receive the most advanced diagnostic capabilities available. State-of-the-art imaging technologies such as MRI and ultrasound are employed to assess the size, location, and characteristics of fibroids accurately. This detailed evaluation enables healthcare providers to formulate personalized treatment plans tailored to each patient’s specific needs.


Multi-Disciplinary Expertise:

Marengo Asia Hospitals houses a multidisciplinary team of healthcare professionals dedicated to addressing fibroids comprehensively. Specialists in gynecology, radiology, and reproductive medicine collaborate to provide holistic care. This multidimensional approach allows for a thorough understanding of the patient’s condition and enables the team to develop individualized treatment strategies.

Minimally Invasive Techniques:

To ensure optimal patient outcomes and minimize postoperative complications, Marengo Asia Hospital places great emphasis on utilizing minimally invasive techniques for fibroid treatment. Procedures such as laparoscopic and robotic-assisted surgeries offer significant advantages over traditional open surgeries, including reduced pain, shorter hospital stays, faster recovery times, and smaller incisions. By embracing these innovative approaches, the network empowers patients to experience a more seamless treatment journey.


Uterine Artery Embolization:

Uterine artery embolization (UAE) is a non-surgical alternative offered by Marengo Asia Hospitals for eligible fibroid patients. This minimally invasive procedure involves blocking the blood supply to fibroids, causing them to shrink and alleviate symptoms. By avoiding surgery altogether, UAE provides a less invasive option for women seeking relief from fibroid-related complications. This procedure is particularly suitable for patients who desire to preserve fertility or have multiple fibroids.

Fertility-Preserving Interventions:

Marengo Asia Hospitals recognizes the significance of fertility preservation for women dealing with fibroids. In cases where patients wish to conceive, the network offers various fertility-preserving interventions, including myomectomy. This surgical procedure involves the removal of fibroids while preserving the uterus, enhancing the chances of successful pregnancy.


Patient-Centered Care and Support:

Marengo Asia Hospitals places patient satisfaction and well-being at the forefront of their approach. The network ensures that patients receive personalized attention throughout their treatment journey. Compassionate healthcare professionals guide patients, providing education about fibroids, explaining treatment options, and addressing concerns. By fostering a supportive environment, the network empowers patients to make informed decisions about their health and actively participate in their treatment plans.

Marengo Asia Hospitals is redefining fibroid treatment in India through its patient-centric approach and commitment to innovation. By combining advanced diagnostic capabilities, a multidisciplinary team of experts, minimally invasive techniques, and fertility-preserving interventions, the network provides comprehensive care tailored to each patient’s unique needs.


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    Marengo CIMS Hospital
    Off Science City Road, Sola, Ahmedabad – 380060
    Gujarat, INDIA

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    Phone: 079 4805 1200 or 1008
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