Marengo CIMS Hospital is dedicated to providing comprehensive healthcare services and fostering patient well-being. As part of our commitment to patient education, we have developed the Marengo CIMS Hospital Medical Encyclopedia—an invaluable online resource designed to empower patients with knowledge about various medical conditions, treatments, and preventive measures. This encyclopedia serves as a trusted and accessible repository of medical information, allowing patients to make informed decisions regarding their health and collaborate more effectively with healthcare professionals.


Edema is a medical condition that affects a significant number of individuals in India. It is characterized by the abnormal accumulation of fluid within the body’s tissues, leading to swelling and discomfort. In this article, we will delve into the details of edema, including its signs and symptoms, classification, causes and triggers, risk factors, types, diagnostic tests, treatment options, complications, prevention techniques, and highlight public figures in India who have been diagnosed with this condition.

Signs and Symptoms:

Edema is typically identified by the visible swelling of affected body parts, such as the legs, ankles, feet, and hands. The swelling may appear puffy, stretched, or shiny and is often accompanied by a feeling of heaviness or tightness. Other common symptoms include:

  • Swelling that worsens throughout the day.
  • Reduced flexibility and movement in the affected area.
  • Skin discoloration, such as redness or paleness.
  • Pain or tenderness in the swollen area.
  • Difficulty fitting into shoes or wearing jewelry due to swelling.

What is Edema? :

Edema refers to the abnormal accumulation of fluid within tissues, causing localized or generalized swelling. It occurs when there is an imbalance between the movement of fluid out of the blood vessels and its reabsorption back into the bloodstream or lymphatic system.

How is Edema Classified? :

Edema can be classified based on its underlying causes or the affected body part. From a causes perspective, edema can be further categorized into:

  • Peripheral Edema: Swelling in the limbs, typically in the legs, ankles, feet, or hands.
  • Pulmonary Edema: Accumulation of fluid in the lungs, often caused by heart problems.
  • Cerebral Edema: Swelling in the brain, usually resulting from trauma, infection, or certain medical conditions.

Causes and Triggers:

Edema can be triggered by a variety of factors, including:

  • Inactivity or prolonged sitting or standing.
  • Pregnancy: Hormonal changes and pressure on blood vessels can lead to swelling.
  • Obesity: Excess body weight puts strain on the veins, leading to fluid retention.
  • Kidney or liver disease: Impaired organ function can disrupt fluid balance.
  • Heart failure: Weakened heart muscles result in fluid accumulation.
  • Medications: Certain drugs, such as calcium channel blockers or nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), can cause edema.
  • Infections or inflammation: Conditions like cellulitis or venous insufficiency can trigger localized edema.

Risk Factors with Examples:

Several factors can increase the risk of developing edema in India, including:

  • Age: Older individuals are more susceptible to edema due to decreased mobility and weakened circulation.
    • Example: Public figures like Amitabh Bachchan and Dharmendra, who have faced health issues related to edema as they aged.
  • Obesity: Excessive body weight puts extra strain on the veins, increasing the likelihood of fluid retention.
    • Example: Actress Bhumi Pednekar has openly discussed her struggle with weight gain and related health concerns, including edema.
  • Chronic diseases: Conditions like diabetes, hypertension, and kidney disease can disrupt the body’s fluid balance.
    • Example: Former Indian Prime Minister Atal Bihari Vajpayee experienced edema as a complication of diabetes.

Types of Edema:

Various types of edema can affect individuals in India. Let’s explore some of them:

  1. Lymphedema: Caused by a blockage or damage to the lymphatic system, resulting in the accumulation of lymph fluid.
  2. Pitting Edema: Indentation or “pit” formation occurs when pressure is applied to the swollen area.
  3. Cyclical Edema: Edema that occurs periodically, often due to hormonal changes during the menstrual cycle.
  4. Idiopathic Edema: Edema with an unknown cause, often affecting women and associated with water retention.

Diagnostic Tests and Treatments:

To diagnose edema and determine its underlying cause, doctors may perform various tests:

  • Physical examination: A thorough evaluation of the swollen areas, checking for pitting, skin changes, and tenderness.
  • Blood tests: These can help identify potential underlying causes, such as kidney or liver dysfunction.
  • Imaging tests: X-rays, ultrasounds, or CT scans may be conducted to assess organ function, detect blood clots, or identify structural abnormalities.
  • Electrocardiogram (ECG): Evaluates heart function and detects any abnormalities that may contribute to edema.

Treatment options for edema depend on the underlying cause and severity of the condition:

  • Lifestyle modifications: Elevating the affected area, exercising regularly, maintaining a healthy weight, and avoiding prolonged periods of sitting or standing.
  • Compression therapy: Wearing compression stockings or bandages to promote fluid movement and reduce swelling.
  • Medications: Diuretics or water pills may be prescribed to promote fluid elimination.
  • Treating underlying conditions: Addressing the root cause, such as managing heart failure, kidney disease, or infections.
  • Surgical interventions: In severe cases, procedures like lymphatic drainage or venous ablation may be considered.

Complications and Prevention Techniques:

If left untreated, edema can lead to various complications, including infections, skin ulcers, decreased mobility, and compromised organ function. To prevent or manage edema:

  • Maintain a healthy weight and engage in regular physical activity.
  • Avoid prolonged periods of sitting or standing.
  • Follow a low-sodium diet to minimize fluid retention.
  • Elevate legs periodically, especially after prolonged sitting or standing.
  • Wear compression garments if advised by a healthcare professional.
  • Adhere to prescribed medications and treatment plans.

Edema, commonly known as swelling, is a condition characterized by the abnormal accumulation of fluid in various parts of the body. It can affect different areas such as the legs, ankles, arms, and even the abdomen. To provide the best possible care for patients dealing with edema, Marengo Asia Hospitals across India has implemented comprehensive strategies and specialized treatment approaches. In this article, we will explore how Marengo Asia Hospitals addresses edema in a way that is easy to understand for everyone.

Understanding Edema:

Before diving into the treatment methods, let’s briefly understand what edema is and what causes it. Edema occurs when excess fluid builds up in the body’s tissues. This can happen due to various reasons, such as:

  • Gravity: When you stand or sit for long periods, gravity pulls fluid down, causing swelling in the legs and ankles.
  • Injury: Trauma or injury can lead to localized swelling in the affected area.
  • Heart and Kidney Problems: Conditions like heart failure or kidney disease can disrupt the body’s fluid balance, resulting in edema.
  • Medications: Certain medications may cause fluid retention and edema as a side effect.
  • Pregnancy: During pregnancy, hormonal changes and increased pressure on blood vessels can lead to swelling in the legs and feet.
  • How Marengo Asia Hospitals Helps Patients with Edema:

Specialized Medical Team:

Marengo Asia Hospitals comprises a highly skilled and experienced team of healthcare professionals, including doctors, nurses, and therapists. They are trained to diagnose and treat various types of edema, considering the underlying causes and individual patient needs.

Advanced Diagnostic Procedures:

To accurately identify the cause and severity of edema, the hospitals employ advanced diagnostic techniques. These may include physical examinations, imaging tests like ultrasounds, and laboratory investigations.

Personalized Treatment Plans:

Every patient is unique, and their edema requires tailored treatment plans. The healthcare professionals at Marengo Asia Hospitals take into account factors like the patient’s medical history, current health status, and lifestyle to develop personalized treatment strategies.


Depending on the underlying cause of the edema, doctors may prescribe medications to reduce fluid retention and manage symptoms. These medications may include diuretics, which help the body get rid of excess fluid through increased urine production.

Compression Therapy:

Compression therapy is a common approach to managing edema. It involves the use of compression stockings, sleeves, or bandages to apply gentle pressure on the affected areas. This aids in reducing swelling, improving blood flow, and preventing further fluid accumulation.

Lifestyle Modifications:

Patients are provided with guidance on making certain lifestyle changes that can help manage edema effectively. This may involve recommendations for maintaining a balanced diet, limiting sodium intake, engaging in regular physical activity, and keeping the affected limbs elevated whenever possible.

Rehabilitation and Support:

In cases where edema is a result of injury or surgery, Marengo Asia Hospitals offers rehabilitation services. Physical therapists and occupational therapists work closely with patients to restore mobility, strengthen muscles, and reduce swelling through specialized exercises and techniques.

Edema can be uncomfortable and indicative of underlying health conditions, but the Marengo Asia  Hospitals across India is committed to providing comprehensive care for patients with edema. Through accurate diagnosis, management of underlying conditions, symptom relief, patient education, and lifestyle modifications, they strive to alleviate symptoms, reduce swelling, and improve the overall well-being of individuals affected by edema. With their expertise in managing fluid retention and a patient-centered approach, the network aims to support patients on their journey toward better health, offering expert care and guidance for a healthier future.


Contact Us

Marengo CIMS Hospital
Off Science City Road, Sola, Ahmedabad – 380060
Gujarat, INDIA

24×7 Helpline +91 70 69 00 00 00
Phone: 079 4805 1200 or 1008
+91 79 2771 2771 or 72
Fax: +91 79 2771 2770
Mobile: +91 98250 66664 or +91 98250 66668
Ambulance: +91 98244 50000
Email: info@cims.org