Marengo CIMS Hospital is dedicated to providing comprehensive healthcare services and fostering patient well-being. As part of our commitment to patient education, we have developed the Marengo CIMS Hospital Medical Encyclopedia—an invaluable online resource designed to empower patients with knowledge about various medical conditions, treatments, and preventive measures. This encyclopedia serves as a trusted and accessible repository of medical information, allowing patients to make informed decisions regarding their health and collaborate more effectively with healthcare professionals.


Cystic Fibrosis (CF) is a genetic disorder that primarily affects the lungs and digestive system. It is a chronic condition that requires lifelong management. In this article, we will explore the various aspects of Cystic Fibrosis, focusing on its impact in India, including its signs and symptoms, classification, causes, risk factors, types, diagnostic tests, treatments, complications, prevention techniques, and public figures in India who have been diagnosed with the condition.


What is Cystic Fibrosis?

Cystic Fibrosis is an inherited disorder caused by mutations in the cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator (CFTR) gene. This gene is responsible for the production of a protein that regulates the movement of salt and water in and out of cells. When this protein is faulty, it leads to the production of thick and sticky mucus in various organs, especially the lungs and pancreas.


Signs and Symptoms of Cystic Fibrosis:

The signs and symptoms of Cystic Fibrosis can vary from person to person. Common symptoms include:

  • Persistent coughing with phlegm or mucus.
  • Recurrent lung infections, such as pneumonia or bronchitis.
  • Wheezing and shortness of breath.
  • Poor growth and weight gain despite a good appetite.
  • Difficulty in bowel movements, often resulting in constipation or intestinal blockages.
  • Salty-tasting skin.
  • Sinus infections.


How is Cystic Fibrosis Classified? 

Cystic Fibrosis can be classified into different types based on the specific mutations in the CFTR gene. The most common classification system includes:

  • Classic CF: This type affects multiple organs, including the lungs, pancreas, liver, and intestines.
  • Non-Classic CF: This form usually presents with milder symptoms and primarily affects the lungs.


Causes and Triggers of Cystic Fibrosis:

Cystic Fibrosis is caused by inheriting two faulty copies of the CFTR gene, one from each parent. If both parents carry a single faulty gene, there is a 25% chance of their child developing CF.


Triggers for worsening symptoms in individuals with CF can include respiratory infections, exposure to tobacco smoke, poor nutrition, and inadequate adherence to treatment plans.


Risk Factors:

Certain factors increase the risk of developing Cystic Fibrosis, including:

  • Family history of CF.
  • Being of Caucasian or Ashkenazi Jewish descent.
  • Consanguineous marriage (marriage between blood relatives).


Types of Cystic Fibrosis:

Cystic Fibrosis can be categorized into different types based on the severity and the affected organs. Some common types include:

Lung Disease Predominant: This type primarily affects the lungs, leading to recurrent infections and breathing difficulties.

Meconium Ileus: A blockage in the intestines that occurs shortly after birth.

Pancreatic Insufficiency: The pancreas fails to produce enough digestive enzymes, resulting in poor absorption of nutrients.

CF-Related Diabetes (CFRD): A form of diabetes that occurs in individuals with CF due to pancreatic dysfunction.


Diagnostic Tests and Treatments:

Diagnosis of Cystic Fibrosis involves various tests, including:

  • Sweat Test: This test measures the amount of salt in the sweat, as CF causes elevated levels of salt in sweat.
  • Genetic Testing: It detects specific CFTR gene mutations.
  • Lung Function Tests: These tests assess lung capacity, airflow, and oxygen levels.
  • Chest X-rays and CT scans: Used to evaluate lung health.


Treatment options for Cystic Fibrosis focus on managing symptoms, preventing complications, and improving quality of life. They may include:

  • Airway Clearance Techniques: These techniques help loosen and remove mucus from the lungs.
  • Medications: Inhalers, antibiotics, enzyme supplements, and other drugs may be prescribed to manage symptoms and prevent infections.
  • Nutritional Support: A balanced diet, pancreatic enzyme replacement, and vitamin supplements are vital for proper nutrition.
  • Lung Transplantation: In severe cases, a lung transplant may be considered.

 Complications of Cystic Fibrosis and Prevention Techniques:

Cystic Fibrosis can lead to several complications, such as respiratory infections, malnutrition, diabetes, infertility, and liver disease. To minimize these risks, preventive measures include:

  • Regular medical check-ups and screenings.
  • Adherence to treatment plans, including medications, airway clearance techniques, and nutritional support.
  • Vaccination against respiratory infections.
  • Avoiding tobacco smoke and other respiratory irritants.
  • Maintaining a healthy lifestyle with a balanced diet and regular exercise.


Cystic fibrosis (CF) is a genetic disorder that primarily affects the lungs and digestive system. It causes a buildup of thick mucus in these areas, leading to recurrent lung infections, breathing difficulties, and digestive problems. The management of CF requires specialized care and expertise. Marengo Asia Hospitals across India recognizes this need and has developed comprehensive strategies to support and treat patients with cystic fibrosis. In this article, we will explain how Marengo Asia Hospitals handles CF patients, using simple and accessible language.


Expertise and Collaboration:

Marengo Asia Hospitals comprises a group of medical professionals who specialize in various fields related to cystic fibrosis. They include pulmonologists, gastroenterologists, nutritionists, respiratory therapists, and nurses who have extensive experience in managing CF patients. This diverse team collaborates to provide comprehensive care, ensuring that every aspect of a patient’s health is addressed.


Diagnosis and Treatment:

  • Diagnosing cystic fibrosis requires specialized testing, including genetic analysis and sweat chloride testing. Marengo Asia Hospitals ensures that these diagnostic tests are available and carried out accurately. Once diagnosed, the team develops an individualized treatment plan based on the patient’s specific needs.
  • Airway Clearance Techniques: Patients with CF have excess mucus in their lungs, which can lead to frequent infections and breathing difficulties. The hospital network employs various airway clearance techniques to help clear the mucus and improve lung function. These techniques may involve physical exercises, breathing devices, and percussion vests that help loosen and remove the mucus.
  • Medications: The hospitals provide a range of medications tailored to manage CF symptoms and complications. These may include bronchodilators to open airways, mucolytics to thin the mucus, and antibiotics to treat infections. The network’s medical professionals carefully select and prescribe medications based on each patient’s unique condition.
  • Nutritional Support: CF affects the body’s ability to digest and absorb nutrients, leading to malnutrition and weight loss. Marengo Asia Hospitals works closely with nutritionists to develop specialized diets that ensure CF patients receive the necessary nutrients. They may recommend pancreatic enzyme supplements to aid digestion and maintain a healthy weight.
  • Infection Prevention: CF patients are prone to lung infections due to the buildup of mucus. The hospitals prioritize infection prevention by implementing strict hygiene protocols, providing vaccinations, and educating patients and their families on hygiene practices that minimize the risk of infections.


Psychosocial Support:

Living with cystic fibrosis can be emotionally challenging for patients and their families. Marengo Asia Hospitals recognizes the importance of psychosocial support and provides counseling services to help patients and families cope with the emotional aspects of the condition. This support is crucial in ensuring holistic care for CF patients.


Research and Advancements:

Marengo Asia Hospitals actively participates in research studies and keeps up-to-date with the latest advancements in CF treatment. By staying at the forefront of medical knowledge, they can offer the most effective and innovative treatments available. This commitment to research contributes to ongoing improvements in CF care.


Marengo Asia Hospitals stands as a beacon of hope for patients with cystic fibrosis in India. Through their multidisciplinary approach, specialized treatments, and dedication to research, they ensure that CF patients receive the comprehensive care they deserve.


Contact Us

Marengo CIMS Hospital
Off Science City Road, Sola, Ahmedabad – 380060
Gujarat, INDIA

24×7 Helpline +91 70 69 00 00 00
Phone: 079 4805 1200 or 1008
+91 79 2771 2771 or 72
Fax: +91 79 2771 2770
Mobile: +91 98250 66664 or +91 98250 66668
Ambulance: +91 98244 50000