Marengo CIMS Hospital is dedicated to providing comprehensive healthcare services and fostering patient well-being. As part of our commitment to patient education, we have developed the Marengo CIMS Hospital Medical Encyclopedia—an invaluable online resource designed to empower patients with knowledge about various medical conditions, treatments, and preventive measures. This encyclopedia serves as a trusted and accessible repository of medical information, allowing patients to make informed decisions regarding their health and collaborate more effectively with healthcare professionals.


Chronic Fatigue Syndrome (CFS) is a complex and debilitating condition that affects individuals in India and worldwide. In this article, we will explore Chronic Fatigue Syndrome in detail, taking into consideration the Indian context. We will delve into its signs and symptoms, classification, causes, triggers, risk factors, types, diagnostic tests, treatments, complications, prevention techniques, and shed light on public figures in India who have been diagnosed with Chronic Fatigue Syndrome. Our aim is to explain these concepts using simple and layman language, making it easier for everyone to understand.


Signs and Symptoms:

Chronic Fatigue Syndrome is characterized by persistent fatigue that lasts for at least six months and is not alleviated by rest. In addition to severe fatigue, individuals with CFS may experience the following signs and symptoms:

  • Post-Exertional Malaise: Physical or mental exertion can worsen symptoms, leading to prolonged recovery times after even minor activities.
  • Cognitive Difficulties: Problems with concentration, memory, and information processing, often referred to as “brain fog,” may occur.
  • Unrefreshing Sleep: Individuals may experience non-restorative sleep, waking up feeling tired and unrefreshed despite adequate rest.
  • Muscle and Joint Pain: Chronic pain in the muscles and joints, similar to fibromyalgia, can be present in individuals with CFS.


What Is Chronic Fatigue Syndrome?

Chronic Fatigue Syndrome, also known as Myalgic Encephalomyelitis (ME/CFS), is a complex, chronic illness characterized by extreme fatigue and a range of other symptoms. It is a medically recognized condition that significantly impacts the quality of life of affected individuals.


How Is Chronic Fatigue Syndrome Classified?

Chronic Fatigue Syndrome is classified based on the criteria established by medical authorities, such as the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) and the International Consensus Criteria (ICC). These criteria include the presence of prolonged fatigue, post-exertional malaise, and other characteristic symptoms.


Causes and Triggers:

The exact cause of Chronic Fatigue Syndrome is not fully understood, but it is believed to involve a combination of factors:

  • Viral or Bacterial Infections: Previous infections, such as Epstein-Barr virus (EBV), human herpesvirus 6 (HHV-6), or bacterial infections, have been associated with the onset of CFS symptoms.
  • Immune System Dysregulation: Dysregulation of the immune system, including abnormal immune responses and inflammation, may contribute to the development of CFS.
  • Neuroendocrine Imbalance: Disruptions in the balance of hormones and neurotransmitters in the nervous system may play a role in CFS.


Risk Factors:

Several risk factors may increase the likelihood of developing Chronic Fatigue Syndrome, including:

  • Gender: Women are diagnosed with CFS more often than men, although it can affect individuals of any gender.
  • Age: CFS can develop at any age, but it is most commonly diagnosed in individuals in their 40s and 50s.
  • Genetic Predisposition: There may be a genetic component that increases susceptibility to CFS, although specific genes have not been identified.


Types of Chronic Fatigue Syndrome:

Chronic Fatigue Syndrome does not have specific subtypes or classifications based on types. However, the severity and symptom presentation can vary among individuals. Some individuals may experience mild symptoms and be able to function to a certain extent, while others may be severely affected and unable to carry out daily activities.


Diagnostic Tests and Treatments:

Diagnosing and managing Chronic Fatigue Syndrome can be challenging due to the lack of specific diagnostic tests. Healthcare professionals primarily rely on ruling out other potential causes of symptoms. The diagnostic process may include:

  • Thorough Medical Evaluation: A comprehensive medical history evaluation and physical examination are conducted to assess symptoms and rule out other medical conditions.
  • Blood Tests: Blood tests may be performed to evaluate general health, rule out other potential causes, and assess markers of inflammation and immune function.
  • Other Tests: Additional tests, such as sleep studies or imaging tests, may be recommended to evaluate specific symptoms or rule out other conditions.
  • Treatment for Chronic Fatigue Syndrome focuses on symptom management and improving quality of life. It may include:
  • Symptomatic Relief: Medications may be prescribed to address specific symptoms, such as pain, sleep disturbances, or mood disorders.
  • Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT): CBT helps individuals manage their symptoms by changing negative thought patterns and developing coping strategies.
  • Graded Exercise Therapy (GET): Under the guidance of a healthcare professional, a structured exercise program can gradually increase physical activity levels while avoiding exacerbation of symptoms.


Complications of Chronic Fatigue Syndrome:

Living with Chronic Fatigue Syndrome can significantly impact an individual’s physical, emotional, and social well-being. Some individuals may experience prolonged disability, reduced quality of life, and challenges in daily functioning. It can also lead to social isolation, depression, and anxiety.


Prevention Techniques:

While there is no known way to prevent Chronic Fatigue Syndrome, certain measures may help manage the condition and improve well-being:

  • Balancing Activities: Finding a balance between activity and rest is important to avoid overexertion and post-exertional malaise.
  • Stress Management: Adopting stress management techniques, such as relaxation exercises, mindfulness, and prioritizing self-care, can help reduce symptom exacerbation.

Chronic Fatigue Syndrome (CFS) is a challenging condition that requires comprehensive care and support. Marengo Asia Hospitals in India is committed to providing specialized care for patients with Chronic Fatigue Syndrome. With their multidisciplinary approach, experienced healthcare professionals, and state-of-the-art facilities, Marengo Asia Hospitals aims to offer personalized management and improved quality of life for individuals living with CFS. In this article, we will explore how Marengo Asia Hospitals expertly handles patients with Chronic Fatigue Syndrome, emphasizing their specialized care, diagnostic methods, treatment approaches, and ongoing support.


Specialized CFS Clinics:

Marengo Asia Hospitals features specialized Chronic Fatigue Syndrome clinics staffed by a team of healthcare professionals who are knowledgeable and experienced in managing this complex condition. These clinics serve as dedicated centers for the diagnosis, treatment, and ongoing care of individuals with CFS.

Comprehensive Diagnostic Services:

Accurate diagnosis is crucial in effectively managing Chronic Fatigue Syndrome. The Marengo Network of Hospitals provides comprehensive diagnostic services to aid in the evaluation and confirmation of CFS, including:

  • Thorough Medical Evaluation: Healthcare professionals conduct detailed discussions with patients to understand their medical history, symptoms, and the impact of CFS on their daily lives.
  • Exclusion of Other Conditions: The healthcare team diligently works to rule out other potential medical conditions that may present with similar symptoms, ensuring an accurate diagnosis.
  • Symptom Assessment: A comprehensive assessment of symptoms, such as fatigue severity, post-exertional malaise, cognitive difficulties, and pain, is conducted to evaluate the impact of CFS on the patient’s functioning.

Collaborative Treatment Plans:

The Marengo Asia Hospitals recognizes the individuality of each patient with Chronic Fatigue Syndrome and emphasizes the importance of personalized treatment plans. Treatment strategies may include:

  • Symptom Management: Healthcare professionals develop tailored approaches to address specific symptoms associated with CFS, such as pain, sleep disturbances, cognitive difficulties, and mood disorders. Medications, cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT), and other supportive therapies may be recommended.
  • Energy Conservation Techniques: Patients are educated about energy conservation strategies to help manage their daily activities and prevent symptom exacerbation. This may involve pacing activities, setting realistic goals, and prioritizing rest.
  • Rehabilitation Programs: Marengo Asia Hospitals offers specialized rehabilitation programs designed to gradually increase physical activity levels while considering the individual’s limitations and avoiding overexertion. These programs may include graded exercise therapy (GET) and guidance from healthcare professionals.


Psychosocial Support: 

Living with Chronic Fatigue Syndrome can be emotionally challenging, and Marengo Asia Hospitals understands the importance of psychosocial support. They provide counseling services, support groups, and educational resources to help individuals cope with the psychological impact of CFS. These services offer a platform for patients to connect with others facing similar challenges, share experiences, and receive guidance from healthcare professionals.

Regular Follow-up and Monitoring:

Continuity of care is essential in managing Chronic Fatigue Syndrome effectively. Marengo Asia Hospitals emphasizes regular follow-up visits to assess treatment response, monitor symptoms, and make necessary adjustments to the treatment plan. These visits provide opportunities for patients to discuss concerns, ask questions, and receive ongoing support from the healthcare team.


Patient Education and Empowerment:

Marengo Asia Hospitals places great importance on patient education and empowerment. They provide comprehensive information about Chronic Fatigue Syndrome, its management, and lifestyle modifications. By educating patients about their condition and involving them in the decision-making process, the healthcare team empowers individuals to participate in their own care actively and make informed choices.

Marengo Asia Hospitals in India is dedicated to providing specialized care for individuals with Chronic Fatigue Syndrome. Through their specialized clinics, comprehensive diagnostic services, personalized treatment plans, psychosocial support, regular follow-up, and patient education initiatives, they offer a holistic approach to managing this challenging condition. By seeking their expert care, individuals with Chronic Fatigue Syndrome can experience improved quality of life, symptom management, and ongoing support throughout their journey.


Contact Us

Marengo CIMS Hospital
Off Science City Road, Sola, Ahmedabad – 380060
Gujarat, INDIA

24×7 Helpline +91 70 69 00 00 00
Phone: 079 4805 1200 or 1008
+91 79 2771 2771 or 72
Fax: +91 79 2771 2770
Mobile: +91 98250 66664 or +91 98250 66668
Ambulance: +91 98244 50000