Marengo CIMS Hospital is dedicated to providing comprehensive healthcare services and fostering patient well-being. As part of our commitment to patient education, we have developed the Marengo CIMS Hospital Medical Encyclopedia—an invaluable online resource designed to empower patients with knowledge about various medical conditions, treatments, and preventive measures. This encyclopedia serves as a trusted and accessible repository of medical information, allowing patients to make informed decisions regarding their health and collaborate more effectively with healthcare professionals.


Cancer of the tongue is a significant health concern affecting individuals in India and worldwide. In this article, we will explore tongue cancer in detail, with a specific focus on the Indian context. We will discuss the signs and symptoms, classification, causes, triggers, risk factors, types, diagnostic tests, treatments, complications, prevention techniques, and shed light on public figures in India who have been diagnosed with tongue cancer. Our aim is to provide information in a simple and layman language, making it accessible to everyone.


Signs and Symptoms:

Cancer of the tongue may present with the following signs and symptoms:

  • Persistent Sore or Lump: A sore or lump on the tongue that does not heal or resolve over time.
  • Pain or Discomfort: Persistent pain, discomfort, or a burning sensation in the tongue.
  • Difficulty Swallowing: Difficulty or pain while swallowing food or liquids.
  • Tongue and Mouth Changes: Development of red or white patches, ulcers, or thickening of the tongue or surrounding tissues.
  • Changes in Speech and Taste: Changes in speech patterns, including slurred speech, and altered taste sensation.


What Is Cancer of the Tongue?

Cancer of the tongue, also known as tongue cancer or oral tongue cancer, refers to the abnormal growth of malignant cells in the tissues of the tongue. It is a type of oral cancer that can affect different areas of the tongue, including the front, sides, or back.


How Is Cancer of the Tongue Classified?

Cancer of the tongue can be classified based on its location and specific characteristics. The classification may include:

  • Squamous Cell Carcinoma: The most common type of tongue cancer, arising from the squamous cells that line the surface of the tongue.
  • Verrucous Carcinoma: A rare subtype characterized by warty growths on the tongue surface. It tends to have a more favorable prognosis compared to other types.

Causes and Triggers:

The exact causes of tongue cancer are not fully understood, but several factors can contribute to its development:

  • Tobacco and Alcohol Use: Chronic tobacco and alcohol consumption are significant risk factors for tongue cancer. Smoking and chewing tobacco increase the risk, as do heavy alcohol consumption.
  • Human Papillomavirus (HPV) Infection: Certain strains of HPV, particularly HPV-16 and HPV-18, have been associated with tongue cancer, especially in younger individuals.
  • Poor Oral Hygiene: Neglecting oral hygiene practices, including regular brushing, flossing, and dental check-ups, can increase the risk of tongue cancer.


Risk Factors:

Several risk factors increase the likelihood of developing tongue cancer, including:

  • Tobacco Use: Smoking cigarettes, cigars, or pipes, as well as chewing tobacco or using snuff, significantly increases the risk.
  • Alcohol Consumption: Excessive and long-term alcohol consumption, particularly in combination with tobacco use, raises the risk.
  • HPV Infection: Engaging in high-risk sexual behaviors or having multiple sexual partners can increase the risk of tongue cancer associated with HPV infection.
  • Age and Gender: Tongue cancer is more prevalent in older individuals, with men being at higher risk than women.


Types of Tongue Cancer:

Tongue cancer can be classified into different types based on its characteristics and specific location:

  • Squamous Cell Carcinoma: This is the most common type, accounting for the majority of tongue cancers.
  • Verrucous Carcinoma: Although rare, this subtype tends to grow slowly and has a better prognosis.


Diagnostic Tests and Treatments:

Early detection and prompt treatment are crucial for managing tongue cancer. Diagnostic tests may include:

  • Physical Examination: A thorough examination of the mouth, tongue, and surrounding tissues to assess the presence of lumps, sores, or abnormal growths.
  • Biopsy: Tissue samples are collected from suspicious areas for laboratory analysis to confirm the presence of cancer cells.

Treatment options for tongue cancer depend on the stage, location, and specific needs of each patient. They may include:

  • Surgery: Surgical removal of the tumor is often the primary treatment. Depending on the extent of the cancer, partial or total removal of the tongue (glossectomy) may be necessary.
  • Radiation Therapy: High-energy radiation beams target and destroy cancer cells. It may be used as the primary treatment or in combination with surgery and chemotherapy.
  • Chemotherapy: Medications are used to kill cancer cells or stop their growth. Chemotherapy may be administered before or after surgery or combined with radiation therapy.
  • Targeted Therapy: Targeted drugs are designed to specifically target cancer cells, blocking their growth or causing cell death.


Complications of Tongue Cancer:

Tongue cancer and its treatments can lead to various complications, including difficulty speaking, swallowing, and changes in taste sensation. Speech therapy, swallowing exercises, and supportive care can help manage these complications.


Prevention Techniques:

While prevention of tongue cancer is not guaranteed, certain measures can reduce the risk:

  • Tobacco and Alcohol Avoidance: Avoiding or quitting tobacco use and limiting alcohol consumption significantly reduces the risk of tongue cancer.
  • Good Oral Hygiene: Maintaining proper oral hygiene by brushing teeth regularly, flossing, and attending routine dental check-ups is essential.

Tongue cancer is a devastating disease that poses significant challenges to patients and healthcare providers alike. With advancements in medical research and technology, Marengo Asia Hospitals across India has emerged as a frontrunner in the field of cancer treatment, providing comprehensive care and support to patients with cancer of the tongue. Through their multidisciplinary approach, cutting-edge facilities, and a dedicated team of experts, Marengo Asia Hospitals is revolutionizing the management and treatment of this form of cancer.


Multidisciplinary Approach:

One of the key strengths of Marengo Asia Hospitals lies in their multidisciplinary approach to cancer care. For patients diagnosed with tongue cancer, a team of specialists from various fields, including surgical oncologists, medical oncologists, radiation oncologists, maxillofacial surgeons, speech therapists, and nutritionists, collaborate to develop personalized treatment plans. This holistic approach ensures that every aspect of the patient’s care is addressed, from diagnosis and treatment to rehabilitation and long-term follow-up.


Early Detection and Diagnosis:

Early detection of tongue cancer is crucial for successful treatment outcomes. Marengo Asia Hospitals emphasizes the importance of regular screenings and educates both patients and healthcare professionals about the warning signs and risk factors associated with tongue cancer. Through their state-of-the-art diagnostic facilities, including advanced imaging techniques and biopsy procedures, they can accurately diagnose and stage the cancer, allowing for timely intervention.


Advanced Treatment Options:

Marengo Asia Hospitals offers a wide range of advanced treatment options tailored to the specific needs of patients with tongue cancer. Surgical interventions, such as minimally invasive transoral robotic surgery (TORS) and reconstructive procedures, are employed to remove tumors while preserving essential functions like speech and swallowing. The hospitals also provide access to innovative radiation therapies, including intensity-modulated radiation therapy (IMRT) and proton therapy, which precisely target cancer cells while minimizing damage to healthy tissues.

Medical oncologists at Marengo Asia Hospitals employ targeted therapies, immunotherapies, and chemotherapy to further enhance treatment outcomes. These therapies not only combat the cancer cells but also minimize the side effects, improving the quality of life for patients undergoing treatment.


Rehabilitation and Supportive Care:

Recovery from tongue cancer often requires comprehensive rehabilitation and supportive care. Marengo Asia Hospitals offers a range of rehabilitation services, including speech therapy, swallowing therapy, and nutritional counseling, to help patients regain optimal functionality. Psychosocial support, pain management, and palliative care services are also provided to ensure the holistic well-being of patients and their families throughout the treatment journey.


Research and Clinical Trials:

Marengo Asia Hospitals is committed to advancing the field of oncology through cutting-edge research and participation in clinical trials. By collaborating with leading research institutions and pharmaceutical companies, they contribute to the development of new treatment modalities and therapies for tongue cancer. This focus on research and innovation enables them to offer patients access to the latest advancements in cancer care, improving treatment outcomes and survival rates.


Tongue cancer presents a significant challenge, both for patients and healthcare providers. However, Marengo Asia Hospitals across India is at the forefront of providing comprehensive care for patients with tongue cancer. Their multidisciplinary approach, advanced treatment options, emphasis on early detection, and comprehensive rehabilitation services ensure that patients receive the highest standard of care. Through their commitment to research and innovation, Marengo Asia Hospitals continues to push the boundaries of cancer treatment, offering hope and improved outcomes to patients battling this devastating disease.


Contact Us

Marengo CIMS Hospital
Off Science City Road, Sola, Ahmedabad – 380060
Gujarat, INDIA

24×7 Helpline +91 70 69 00 00 00
Phone: 079 4805 1200 or 1008
+91 79 2771 2771 or 72
Fax: +91 79 2771 2770
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