Marengo CIMS Hospital is dedicated to providing comprehensive healthcare services and fostering patient well-being. As part of our commitment to patient education, we have developed the Marengo CIMS Hospital Medical Encyclopedia—an invaluable online resource designed to empower patients with knowledge about various medical conditions, treatments, and preventive measures. This encyclopedia serves as a trusted and accessible repository of medical information, allowing patients to make informed decisions regarding their health and collaborate more effectively with healthcare professionals.


Brain tumors pose significant challenges to individuals and their families, and in India, it is essential to raise awareness about this condition. Brain tumors require prompt diagnosis and specialized treatment to ensure the best possible outcomes. In this article, we will explore the concept of brain tumors, their classification, signs and symptoms, causes, risk factors, types of brain tumors, diagnostic tests, treatment options, complications, prevention techniques, and shed light on public figures in India who have been diagnosed with brain tumors. We will explain these concepts in simple terms to help readers understand the complexities of this condition and the importance of early detection and appropriate treatment.

What is a Brain Tumor?

A brain tumor refers to an abnormal growth of cells in the brain. These tumors can be benign (non-cancerous) or malignant (cancerous) and can develop in various regions of the brain or spinal cord. Brain tumors can interfere with normal brain function and may require specialized medical care for effective management.

Signs and Symptoms:

The signs and symptoms of a brain tumor can vary depending on the tumor’s location, size, and rate of growth. Common signs and symptoms may include:

  • Persistent Headaches: Frequent, severe headaches that may worsen over time or are accompanied by other symptoms.
  • Seizures: Uncontrolled muscle movements, convulsions, or altered consciousness resulting from abnormal electrical activity in the brain.
  • Cognitive and Behavioral Changes: Memory problems, confusion, personality changes, mood swings, or difficulty concentrating.
  • Neurological Symptoms: Weakness or numbness in the limbs, difficulty with coordination, balance issues, or changes in vision, speech, or hearing.
  • Nausea and Vomiting: Unexplained and persistent nausea or vomiting, often unrelated to food intake.


What is Brain Tumor Classified?

Brain tumors are classified based on their cell type, location, and behavior. The two main categories are:

  • Benign Brain Tumors: These tumors are non-cancerous and tend to grow slowly. While they may cause symptoms or complications due to their size and location, they typically do not invade nearby tissues or spread to other parts of the body.
  • Malignant Brain Tumors: Also known as brain cancer, malignant brain tumors are cancerous and can invade nearby healthy tissues. They have the potential to grow rapidly and may spread to other parts of the brain or the spinal cord.

Causes and Triggers:

The exact causes of brain tumors are often unknown. However, certain factors and triggers may contribute to their development, including:

  • Genetic Factors: Inherited genetic conditions or gene mutations can increase the risk of developing certain types of brain tumors.
  • Exposure to Radiation: Previous radiation treatment to the head, such as for other cancers or certain medical conditions, may increase the risk of developing a brain tumor.
  • Family History: A family history of brain tumors or certain genetic syndromes can elevate the risk.
  • Age and Gender: Brain tumors can occur at any age, but certain types are more common in specific age groups. Some types are more prevalent in males, while others affect females more frequently.

Risk Factors:

Several risk factors can increase the likelihood of developing a brain tumor:

  • Age: Certain types of brain tumors are more commonly diagnosed in specific age groups. For example, pediatric brain tumors are more prevalent in children and adolescents.
  • Genetic Factors: Inherited genetic conditions, such as neurofibromatosis, Li-Fraumeni syndrome, or tuberous sclerosis, can increase the risk of brain tumors.
  • Exposure to Radiation: Previous exposure to radiation, either for medical treatment or occupational reasons, can elevate the risk.
  • Family History: Having a family history of brain tumors or genetic syndromes associated with brain tumors may increase the risk.

Types of Brain Tumors:

There are several types of brain tumors, including:

  • Gliomas: These tumors arise from glial cells and can be further classified into subtypes such as astrocytomas, oligodendrogliomas, and ependymomas.
  • Meningiomas: Meningiomas develop in the meninges, the protective layers surrounding the brain and spinal cord.
  • Pituitary Adenomas: These tumors originate from the pituitary gland, a small gland located at the base of the brain.
  • Medulloblastomas: Primarily affecting children, medulloblastomas are fast-growing tumors that occur in the cerebellum, a region at the back of the brain.
  • Schwannomas: These tumors develop from Schwann cells, which are responsible for the production of the protective covering of nerves.

Diagnostic Tests and Treatments:

Diagnosing and treating brain tumors typically involve the following:

  • Imaging Tests: Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) and Computed Tomography (CT) scans help visualize the brain and identify the presence, location, and characteristics of a tumor.
  • Biopsy: A biopsy involves the removal of a small tissue sample from the tumor for microscopic examination to determine its nature and type.
  • Surgery: Surgical removal of the tumor may be recommended, depending on its size, location, and other factors. Surgeons aim to remove as much of the tumor as possible while preserving brain function.
  • Radiation Therapy: Radiation therapy utilizes high-energy beams to target and destroy cancer cells or shrink tumors.
  • Chemotherapy: Chemotherapy involves the use of drugs to kill cancer cells or slow their growth. It may be administered orally or intravenously.

Complications and Prevention Techniques:

Complications associated with brain tumors may include neurological deficits, cognitive impairments, and side effects from treatments. Preventive measures for brain tumors focus on early detection, prompt treatment, and minimizing exposure to radiations.

Brain tumors are complex conditions that require specialized care and a multidisciplinary approach. Marengo Asia Hospitals, with its network of medical facilities across India, is dedicated to providing comprehensive care for patients diagnosed with brain tumors. In this article, we will explore how Marengo Asia Hospitals effectively handles patients with brain tumors, including their expertise, diagnostic capabilities, treatment options, supportive care, and patient-centered approach.

Expertise and Multidisciplinary Care:

Marengo Asia Hospitals houses a team of highly skilled medical professionals who specialize in the diagnosis and treatment of brain tumors. The hospitals offer access to neurosurgeons, neurologists, oncologists, radiologists, pathologists, and other specialists who collaborate to provide the best possible care. This multidisciplinary approach ensures that patients receive comprehensive evaluations, accurate diagnoses, and tailored treatment plans.

Diagnostic Capabilities:

Accurate diagnosis is critical in the management of brain tumors, and Marengo Asia Hospitals is equipped with state-of-the-art diagnostic capabilities, including:

  • Imaging Techniques: Advanced imaging technologies such as Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI), Computed Tomography (CT), and Positron Emission Tomography (PET) scans allow for precise visualization of brain structures and tumor characteristics.
  • Biopsy and Pathology: In cases where a biopsy is necessary, Marengo Asia Hospitals offers minimally invasive procedures to obtain tissue samples for microscopic examination. Experienced pathologists analyze these samples to determine the type, grade, and molecular characteristics of the tumor, guiding treatment decisions.

Treatment Options:

Marengo Asia Hospitals provides a range of treatment options tailored to each patient’s specific needs. These options may include:

  • Surgery: Skilled neurosurgeons at Marengo Asia Hospitals perform intricate brain tumor surgeries, aiming to remove the tumor while preserving essential brain function. Advanced techniques such as minimally invasive and image-guided surgeries are employed whenever suitable.
  • Radiation Therapy: The hospitals offer cutting-edge radiation therapy technologies, including Stereotactic Radiosurgery (SRS) and Intensity-Modulated Radiation Therapy (IMRT). These techniques precisely target the tumor, delivering high-dose radiation while sparing healthy tissues.
  • Chemotherapy: Marengo Asia Hospitals provides chemotherapy services tailored to the individual needs of brain tumor patients. Chemotherapy may be administered orally, intravenously, or directly into the tumor site, depending on the tumor type and location.

Supportive Care and Rehabilitation:

Marengo Asia Hospitals recognizes the importance of comprehensive care beyond the primary treatments. They prioritize the overall well-being of patients by offering supportive services such as:

  • Pain Management: The hospitals employ strategies to alleviate pain and discomfort associated with brain tumors, ensuring patients’ comfort and quality of life.
  • Rehabilitation Services: Physical therapy, occupational therapy, and speech therapy programs assist patients in regaining their functional abilities and improving their quality of life after brain tumor treatment.
  • Emotional and Psychological Support: Marengo Asia Hospitals provides access to counseling services, support groups, and psychological support to help patients and their families cope with the emotional challenges associated with a brain tumor diagnosis.

Research and Clinical Trials:

Marengo Asia Hospitals actively participates in clinical trials and research endeavors aimed at advancing the understanding and treatment of brain tumors. This commitment to research ensures that patients have access to the latest treatment options and innovative therapies, giving them the best chances for successful outcomes.

Patient-Centered Approach:

Marengo Asia Hospitals places great emphasis on patient-centered care. They understand that every patient is unique, and treatment plans are personalized to address individual needs and circumstances. The hospitals foster open communication, shared decision-making, and collaboration between patients, their families, and the medical team to ensure that patients receive the highest level of care and support.

Marengo Asia Hospitals in India is dedicated to providing comprehensive care for patients with brain tumors. Through their team of specialized medical professionals, advanced diagnostic capabilities, personalized treatment plans, supportive services, and commitment to research, they ensure that patients receive the highest standard of care. With a patient-centered approach, Marengo Asia Hospitals strives to improve outcomes, enhance quality of life, and support individuals and their families throughout their brain tumor journey.


Contact Us

Marengo CIMS Hospital
Off Science City Road, Sola, Ahmedabad – 380060
Gujarat, INDIA

24×7 Helpline +91 70 69 00 00 00
Phone: 079 4805 1200 or 1008
+91 79 2771 2771 or 72
Fax: +91 79 2771 2770
Mobile: +91 98250 66664 or +91 98250 66668
Ambulance: +91 98244 50000