Marengo CIMS Hospital is dedicated to providing comprehensive healthcare services and fostering patient well-being. As part of our commitment to patient education, we have developed the Marengo CIMS Hospital Medical Encyclopedia—an invaluable online resource designed to empower patients with knowledge about various medical conditions, treatments, and preventive measures. This encyclopedia serves as a trusted and accessible repository of medical information, allowing patients to make informed decisions regarding their health and collaborate more effectively with healthcare professionals.


Asthma is a chronic respiratory condition that affects individuals of all age groups across the globe. In India, with its diverse geography, population density, and varying air pollution levels, the impact of asthma is significant.

Asthma is a significant public health concern in India, and the country has a high burden of asthma cases. According to a study published in the Journal of the Association of Physicians of India in 2020, it is estimated that around 4-5% of the Indian population, or approximately 50-60 million people, have asthma. For the latest statistics it is recommended to refer to reports and studies published by reputable health organizations and government agencies, such as the Indian Council of Medical Research (ICMR) or the World Health Organization (WHO).

Signs and Symptoms:

Asthma symptoms may vary from person to person, but some common signs include recurring episodes of wheezing, shortness of breath, chest tightness, and coughing, especially at night or early in the morning. These symptoms may worsen with exposure to triggers such as allergens or irritants.

What Is an Asthma Attack?

An asthma attack refers to a sudden and severe worsening of asthma symptoms, resulting in breathing difficulties and reduced airflow. During an attack, the airways become inflamed, constricted, and produce excess mucus, making it challenging for the individual to breathe. The attack can be triggered by various factors such as allergens, pollution, respiratory infections, exercise, or emotional stress.

How Is Asthma Classified?

Asthma can be classified into different types based on various factors, including the frequency and severity of symptoms, triggers, and age of onset. The classification helps healthcare professionals in determining the most appropriate treatment plan for individuals. Some common classifications include intermittent asthma, mild persistent asthma, moderate persistent asthma, and severe persistent asthma.

Causes and Triggers:

Asthma has multiple causes, including genetic factors, environmental factors, and a combination of both. In India, common triggers of asthma can be attributed to high levels of air pollution, allergens such as dust mites, pollen, mold, and animal dander, respiratory infections, exposure to smoke (tobacco and biomass), and occupational hazards in industries like agriculture and textiles.

Risk Factors:

Certain risk factors increase the likelihood of developing asthma in India. These include a family history of asthma or allergies, exposure to secondhand smoke during childhood, frequent respiratory infections during childhood, living in urban areas with high air pollution, and working in industries with poor air quality.

Types of Asthma:

In India, various types of asthma are prevalent, including allergic asthma, occupational asthma, exercise-induced asthma, cough-variant asthma, and steroid-resistant asthma. Each type has its specific triggers and treatment approaches, requiring tailored management strategies.

Diagnostic Tests:

To diagnose asthma, healthcare professionals in India use a combination of tests, including spirometry, peak flow measurement, bronchial provocation tests, and allergy tests. Spirometry measures the lung function, while peak flow measurement assesses how well the individual can forcefully exhale. Bronchial provocation tests help identify specific triggers, and allergy tests determine the presence of allergens that may contribute to asthma symptoms.

The treatment of asthma in India involves a multi-faceted approach. Medical treatments include bronchodilators to relieve acute symptoms, inhaled corticosteroids to reduce inflammation, and oral medications in severe cases. Additionally, healthcare professionals may prescribe allergen immunotherapy to reduce sensitivity to specific allergens. Home remedies such as maintaining a clean living environment, avoiding triggers, practicing breathing exercises, and using natural remedies like ginger and honey may provide symptomatic relief.

  1. Ginger (Adrak): Ginger has anti-inflammatory properties and can help alleviate asthma symptoms. You can consume ginger by adding it to your tea, boiling it in water and inhaling the steam, or chewing on small pieces of raw ginger.

  1. Turmeric: Turmeric contains a compound called curcumin, which has anti-inflammatory and antioxidant properties. Mixing a teaspoon of turmeric powder in warm milk and consuming it before bedtime can help reduce inflammation and ease asthma symptoms.

  1. Honey: Honey has been used for its medicinal properties for centuries. It may help soothe irritated airways and reduce coughing. Consuming a teaspoon of raw, organic honey or adding it to warm water or herbal tea can provide relief.

  1. Figs: Figs have been traditionally used to alleviate respiratory issues, including asthma. Soak dried figs overnight in water and consume them on an empty stomach in the morning. Figs are believed to help drain phlegm and promote respiratory health.

  1. Eucalyptus Oil: Eucalyptus oil has a soothing effect on the respiratory system. You can add a few drops of eucalyptus oil to hot water and inhale the steam. This can help open up the airways and provide temporary relief from asthma symptoms.

  1. Indian Gooseberry (Amla): Indian gooseberry is rich in vitamin C and antioxidants, which may help boost respiratory health. Consuming fresh amla or drinking amla juice regularly may contribute to overall respiratory well-being.

  1. Breathing Exercises: Practicing breathing exercises, such as deep breathing, diaphragmatic breathing, and pursed-lip breathing, can help improve lung function and reduce the frequency of asthma attacks. These exercises can be learned from a qualified respiratory therapist or yoga instructor.

It is important to consult with your doctor at Marengo Hospitals in India before relying solely on home remedies for asthma. While these remedies may offer some relief, asthma is a chronic condition that requires proper medical diagnosis, treatment, and management. Your doctor at Marengo Hospitals across India can provide personalized advice and ensure that you are receiving the most appropriate care for your specific condition.

If left uncontrolled, asthma can lead to complications such as recurrent respiratory infections, chronic bronchitis, pneumonia, and decreased lung function. Additionally, severe asthma attacks can be life-threatening and require immediate medical intervention.

Prevention Techniques:

Preventing asthma attacks involves a combination of environmental control measures and lifestyle changes. Individuals can minimize exposure to triggers by maintaining a clean and dust-free living space, avoiding smoking and secondhand smoke, wearing masks during periods of high pollution, and practicing good respiratory hygiene. Regular exercise, a balanced diet, and adherence to prescribed medications are essential for asthma management.

Marengo Asia Hospitals are at the forefront of providing comprehensive healthcare services, including specialized care for patients with asthma. With a team of experienced doctors, state-of-the-art facilities, and a patient-centric approach, Marengo Asia Hospitals play a crucial role in helping individuals effectively manage their asthma and improve their quality of life.

  1. Expert Diagnosis and Personalized Treatment Plans: Marengo Asia Hospitals boast a team of highly skilled pulmonologists and allergists who specialize in respiratory conditions, including asthma. These specialists conduct thorough evaluations and diagnostic tests to accurately diagnose asthma and determine its severity. Based on the individual’s specific condition, they devise personalized treatment plans that may include medication, inhalers, and lifestyle modifications to control symptoms and prevent asthma attacks.


  1. Advanced Diagnostic Techniques:  Marengo Asia Hospitals utilize advanced diagnostic techniques to assess lung function and identify triggers and risk factors associated with asthma. Diagnostic tests such as spirometry, peak flow measurement, and allergy testing are performed to evaluate lung capacity, monitor airflow, measure response to medication, and detect potential allergens that can exacerbate asthma symptoms. This comprehensive approach ensures an accurate diagnosis and facilitates tailored treatment plans.


  1. Allergy Management: For individuals with allergic asthma, identifying and managing allergens is crucial. Marengo Asia Hospitals offer comprehensive allergy testing to determine specific triggers, allowing doctors to create a customized allergen avoidance plan. Additionally, they may recommend allergen immunotherapy, also known as allergy shots, to desensitize the immune system and reduce the severity of allergic reactions over time.


  1. Education and Self-Management: Marengo Asia Hospitals prioritize patient education and empowerment. Doctors and respiratory therapists provide detailed information about asthma, its triggers, and the proper use of medications and inhalers. They offer guidance on recognizing early warning signs, managing asthma exacerbations, and understanding the importance of adherence to treatment plans. By empowering patients with knowledge and self-management skills, Marengo Hospitals enable individuals to actively participate in their asthma management and make informed decisions about their health.


  1. Asthma Action Plans: Marengo Asia Hospitals develop personalized asthma action plans for each patient. These plans outline step-by-step instructions on managing asthma on a daily basis, including medication usage, recognizing symptom patterns, and adjusting treatment based on changes in symptoms or triggers. Asthma action plans serve as valuable tools for patients, helping them navigate through various scenarios and providing clear guidelines for seeking medical assistance where necessary.


  1. Multidisciplinary Approach: Marengo Asia Hospitals foster a multidisciplinary approach to asthma care. Their team of healthcare professionals, including pulmonologists, allergists, respiratory therapists, and nurses, collaborate to ensure comprehensive and holistic management of the condition. This collaborative approach enhances patient outcomes and promotes continuity of care.


  1. Ongoing Support and Follow-up Care:  Marengo Asia Hospitals prioritize long-term support and follow-up care for asthma patients. Regular check-ups and follow-up appointments allow doctors to monitor treatment effectiveness, adjust medication dosages, and provide guidance on managing asthma in different seasons or environmental conditions. This proactive approach ensures that patients receive continuous care and support throughout their asthma journey.


Contact Us

Marengo CIMS Hospital
Off Science City Road, Sola, Ahmedabad – 380060
Gujarat, INDIA

24×7 Helpline +91 70 69 00 00 00
Phone: 079 4805 1200 or 1008
+91 79 2771 2771 or 72
Fax: +91 79 2771 2770
Mobile: +91 98250 66664 or +91 98250 66668
Ambulance: +91 98244 50000