Marengo CIMS Hospital is dedicated to providing comprehensive healthcare services and fostering patient well-being. As part of our commitment to patient education, we have developed the Marengo CIMS Hospital Medical Encyclopedia—an invaluable online resource designed to empower patients with knowledge about various medical conditions, treatments, and preventive measures. This encyclopedia serves as a trusted and accessible repository of medical information, allowing patients to make informed decisions regarding their health and collaborate more effectively with healthcare professionals.


Arteritis, Takayasu, also known as Takayasu arteritis (TA), is a rare autoimmune disease that primarily affects the blood vessels, particularly the large arteries branching from the heart. This chronic condition predominantly affects young women, including those in India. In this article, we will delve into the intricacies of Arteritis, Takayasu, exploring its signs and symptoms, classification, causes and triggers, risk factors, types, diagnostic tests, treatments, complications, and prevention techniques. Additionally, we will shed light on notable public figures in India who have been diagnosed with Arteritis, Takayasu.

 What Is Arteritis, Takayasu? :

Arteritis, Takayasu is an inflammatory disease characterized by the thickening, narrowing, and sometimes blockage of the arteries. It primarily affects the aorta and its major branches, such as the carotid arteries supplying blood to the head and neck, and the subclavian arteries leading to the arms. The condition can cause reduced blood flow to various organs and tissues, leading to a wide range of symptoms.

 Signs and Symptoms of Arteritis, Takayasu:

The symptoms of Arteritis, Takayasu can vary depending on which arteries are affected. Common signs and symptoms include:

 1- Fatigue: Patients may experience persistent tiredness and lack of energy.

2- Weakness or pain in limbs: Due to reduced blood flow, individuals may experience pain or weakness in their arms or legs, especially during physical activity.

3- High blood pressure: The narrowing of arteries can lead to increased blood pressure.

4- Dizziness and fainting: Insufficient blood supply to the brain can cause dizziness or fainting spells.

5- Vision problems: Inflammation of the arteries supplying the eyes can result in blurred vision or even blindness.

6- Chest pain: In some cases, Arteritis, Takayasu can cause chest pain similar to that experienced during a heart attack.

 How Is Arteritis, Takayasu Classified? :

Arteritis, Takayasu can be classified into different stages based on the extent of blood vessel involvement and damage. The commonly used classification system is as follows:

 Stage I: Initial or pre-pulseless stage, characterized by minimal or no arterial changes.

Stage II: Pulseless stage, involving reduced or absent pulses in one or both arms.

Stage III: Late stage with significant arterial narrowing, occlusion, or aneurysm formation.

 Causes and Triggers of Arteritis, Takayasu:

The exact cause of Arteritis, Takayasu is unknown, but it is considered an autoimmune disease. The immune system mistakenly attacks the arterial walls, leading to inflammation and subsequent thickening of the vessel walls. Genetic factors may play a role in predisposing individuals to the disease, although environmental factors and infections might also trigger its onset.

 Risk Factors:

Several risk factors are associated with Arteritis, Takayasu, including:

  • Gender: The condition primarily affects women, with a female-to-male ratio of around 8:1.
  • Age: Most cases are diagnosed in individuals under the age of 40, although it can occur at any age.
  • Ethnicity: Arteritis, Takayasu is more commonly observed in individuals of Asian descent, including Indians.

 Types of Arteritis, Takayasu:

Arteritis, Takayasu can be classified into different types based on the location and extent of artery involvement. The types include:

 Type I: Predominantly affects the aorta and its branches.

Type IIa: Involves the ascending aorta and its branches.

Type IIb: Affects the descending aorta and its branches.

Type III: Involves only the branches of the aorta.

Type IV: Affects both the aorta and pulmonary artery.

Diagnostic Tests and Treatments:

To diagnose Arteritis, Takayasu, several tests may be conducted, including:

 1- Angiography: This test uses contrast dye and X-rays to visualize the arteries and identify any narrowing or blockages.

2- Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI): MRI scans provide detailed images of the blood vessels, allowing for the evaluation of their structure and condition.

3- Computed Tomography Angiography (CTA): CTA combines CT scanning with the injection of a contrast dye to produce detailed images of the blood vessels.

4- Doppler Ultrasound: This non-invasive test uses sound waves to assess blood flow and detect any abnormalities.

The treatment of Arteritis, Takayasu typically involves a multidisciplinary approach, including:

  • Medications: Corticosteroids (steroids) and  immunosuppressant (they decrease response of immune system) may be prescribed to reduce inflammation and manage the autoimmune response.
  • Endovascular Intervention: In severe cases, angioplasty or stent placement may be performed to alleviate arterial blockages.
  • Surgery: In some instances, bypass surgery or arterial reconstruction may be necessary to restore blood flow to affected areas.

Complications of Arteritis, Takayasu:

If left untreated or poorly managed, Arteritis, Takayasu can lead to various complications, such as:

  • Organ damage: Reduced blood flow can result in damage to organs supplied by affected arteries.
  • Aneurysm formation: Weakening of the arterial walls can cause the formation of bulges or aneurysms, which may rupture and lead to life-threatening situations.
  • Stroke: Arterial narrowing or blockages in the carotid arteries can result in a stroke.
  • High blood pressure: The inflammation of arteries can lead to persistent high blood pressure.

Prevention Techniques:

While the exact prevention of Arteritis, Takayasu is not currently known, early diagnosis and prompt treatment can help manage the disease and prevent complications. Regular check-ups, monitoring of blood pressure, and following the prescribed treatment plan can improve the quality of life for individuals with the condition.

Marengo Asia Hospitals, spread across India, is dedicated to providing comprehensive and specialized healthcare services to individuals suffering from various medical conditions. Among the many ailments it addresses, the network is well-equipped to handle patients with arteritis and Takayasu disease. In this article, we will explain these conditions in simple terms and discuss how Marengo Asia Hospitals offers effective care and support to patients facing these challenges.

 Understanding Arteritis and Takayasu Disease:

 Arteritis, also known as inflammation of the arteries, occurs when the blood vessels become swollen and narrow. This condition can restrict blood flow to different parts of the body, leading to pain, fatigue, and organ damage. Takayasu disease is a specific type of arteritis that primarily affects the large arteries, such as those supplying blood to the heart, brain, and arms.

 Arteritis and Takayasu disease can have varying symptoms, including:

  1.  Fatigue: Patients may experience excessive tiredness and lack of energy due to compromised blood flow.
  2.  Pain or discomfort: Discomfort can arise in the affected areas, such as the chest, arms, or legs, due to reduced blood supply.
  3.  Weakness: Muscles may feel weak, particularly in the arms, resulting in difficulty with everyday tasks.
  4.  High blood pressure: Arteritis can cause hypertension due to the narrowing of arteries.
  5.  Visual disturbances: Inflammation of the blood vessels supplying the eyes may lead to vision problems.
  6.  Experienced Medical Professionals: Marengo Asia Hospitals boasts a team of highly skilled and experienced medical professionals, including rheumatologists, cardiologists, and vascular surgeons. These experts specialize in the diagnosis and treatment of arteritis and Takayasu disease, ensuring that patients receive the best possible care.
  7.  State-of-the-Art Diagnostic Facilities: The network is equipped with advanced diagnostic tools, such as angiography, ultrasound, and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). These technologies help identify and assess the extent of arterial inflammation and damage, enabling accurate diagnosis and treatment planning.
  8.  Multidisciplinary Approach: Treating arteritis and Takayasu disease often requires a multidisciplinary approach. Marengo Asia Hospitals brings together a diverse team of specialists to collaborate and provide comprehensive care. This team-based approach ensures that patients receive tailored treatment plans addressing their specific needs.
  9.  Medication and Treatment Options: Depending on the severity and progression of the disease, physicians may prescribe medications to control inflammation, reduce pain, and manage blood pressure. In severe cases, surgical interventions such as angioplasty or bypass surgery may be required. Marengo Asia Hospitals offers a wide range of treatment options, including both medical and surgical interventions, to address the unique needs of each patient.

Rehabilitation and Support Services:
Marengo Asia Hospitals also emphasizes the importance of rehabilitation and support services. Physical therapists and occupational therapists work closely with patients to improve their strength, mobility, and overall quality of life. Additionally, support groups and counseling services are available to provide emotional support and guidance to patients and their families throughout the treatment journey.


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Marengo CIMS Hospital
Off Science City Road, Sola, Ahmedabad – 380060
Gujarat, INDIA

24×7 Helpline +91 70 69 00 00 00
Phone: 079 4805 1200 or 1008
+91 79 2771 2771 or 72
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