Marengo CIMS Hospital is dedicated to providing comprehensive healthcare services and fostering patient well-being. As part of our commitment to patient education, we have developed the Marengo CIMS Hospital Medical Encyclopedia—an invaluable online resource designed to empower patients with knowledge about various medical conditions, treatments, and preventive measures. This encyclopedia serves as a trusted and accessible repository of medical information, allowing patients to make informed decisions regarding their health and collaborate more effectively with healthcare professionals.


 Alopecia Areata is a relatively common autoimmune disorder that affects millions of people worldwide, including those in India.

What is Alopecia Areata? :

 Alopecia Areata is a type of hair loss condition that occurs when the immune system mistakenly attacks hair follicles, causing hair loss in round or oval patches on the scalp, face, or other parts of the body. It can affect individuals of any age, gender, or ethnic background.

Signs and Symptoms of Alopecia Areata:

 The most noticeable symptom of Alopecia Areata is the sudden loss of hair in round or oval patches. The affected areas may be smooth and devoid of any visible signs of inflammation or scarring. Some individuals may also experience itching, tingling, or a burning sensation on the affected areas.

How is Alopecia Areata Classified? :

 Alopecia Areata can be classified into several subtypes based on the extent of hair loss:

  • Patchy Alopecia Areata: The most common type, characterized by the occurrence of one or more patches of hair loss on the scalp or other body parts.
    • Example: A young student in India noticed a small, round bald patch on the back of his head. Over time, the patch expanded and led to further hair loss.
  •  Alopecia Totalis: Complete loss of hair on the scalp.
    • Example: A middle-aged woman in India lost all the hair on her scalp, leaving her completely bald.
  •  Alopecia Universalis: Total loss of hair on the scalp and body, including eyebrows, eyelashes, and other body hair.
    • Example: A young man in India experienced complete hair loss on his scalp, face, and body, including eyebrows and eyelashes.

Causes and Triggers of Alopecia Areata:

 The exact cause of Alopecia Areata is unknown, but it is believed to be an autoimmune condition. The immune system mistakenly identifies hair follicles as foreign objects and attacks them. Several factors may trigger or exacerbate the condition, including:

  •  Genetic Predisposition: Individuals with a family history of autoimmune diseases or Alopecia Areata have a higher risk of developing the condition.
  •  Environmental Factors: Viral or bacterial infections, emotional stress, trauma, hormonal changes, and certain medications may trigger or worsen Alopecia Areata.

Risk Factors with Examples of Alopecia Areata:

  •  Certain factors increase the risk of developing Alopecia Areata:
  •  Family History: If a close family member, such as a parent or sibling, has Alopecia Areata, the risk increases. For example, a teenager in India whose father has Alopecia Areata has a higher chance of developing the condition.
  • Other Autoimmune Conditions: Individuals with other autoimmune diseases, such as rheumatoid arthritis or thyroid disorders, have an increased risk of developing Alopecia Areata. For instance, a woman in India who has been diagnosed with Hashimoto’s thyroiditis is more likely to develop Alopecia Areata.


Types of Alopecia Areata:

 Apart from the classification based on the extent of hair loss, Alopecia Areata can also manifest in other forms:

  • Ophiasis: Hair loss occurs in a band-like pattern along the sides and lower back of the scalp.
  • Alopecia Barbae: Hair loss affects the beard area in men, leading to patches or complete loss of facial hair.
  • Alopecia Mucinosa: Characterized by the presence of scaly patches and hair loss, primarily affecting the face and scalp.

Diagnostic Tests and Treatments:

 To diagnose Alopecia Areata and rule out other conditions, dermatologists may perform the following tests:

  •  Scalp Examination: A dermatologist examines the affected areas and may gently pull out a few hairs for microscopic examination.
  •  Dermoscopy: This non-invasive technique allows a magnified examination of the scalp and hair follicles.
  •  Blood Tests: Blood tests may be conducted to check for underlying autoimmune conditions or other factors that could contribute to hair loss.

Treatments for Alopecia Areata include:

  •  Corticosteroids: Topical or injectable corticosteroids are commonly prescribed to suppress the immune system and reduce inflammation in the affected areas.
  • Topical Immunotherapy: This treatment involves applying a chemical, such as diphencyprone (DPCP), to the scalp to provoke an allergic reaction and stimulate hair regrowth.
  • Minoxidil: A topical medication commonly used for pattern hair loss, minoxidil can also be beneficial in promoting hair regrowth in Alopecia Areata.

Complications and Prevention of Alopecia Areata:

Alopecia Areata can have significant emotional and psychological impact on individuals. Hair loss can affect self-esteem, body image, and overall quality of life. It is important to provide emotional support and counseling to individuals coping with this condition.

 While it may not be possible to prevent Alopecia Areata entirely, managing stress, maintaining a healthy lifestyle, and seeking early medical intervention can help reduce the severity and duration of hair loss.

Alopecia areata is a condition that affects many individuals across India, causing hair loss and potentially impacting self-esteem. Fortunately, Marengo Asia Hospitals, spread across the country, has dedicated teams and resources to assist those with this condition. In this article, we will explore how Marengo Asia Hospitals supports patients with alopecia areata, offering them hope, guidance, and effective treatments.

Understanding Alopecia Areata:

Alopecia areata is a common autoimmune disorder that leads to sudden hair loss, typically in patches. It occurs when the immune system mistakenly attacks the hair follicles, causing hair to fall out. This condition can affect anyone, regardless of age or gender, and its exact causes are not fully understood.

The Caring Approach of  Marengo Asia Hospitals:

Marengo Asia Hospitals understands the physical and emotional impact of alopecia areata. Their compassionate and knowledgeable healthcare professionals are dedicated to providing personalized care to patients. Here’s how they handle patients with alopecia areata:

Diagnosis and Consultation:

When a patient visits Marengo Asia Hospitals with hair loss concerns, the medical team conducts a thorough examination and medical history assessment. They take the time to understand the patient’s specific symptoms, concerns, and goals. This helps in establishing an accurate diagnosis of alopecia areata.

Treatment Options:

Marengo Asia Hospitals offer a range of treatment options tailored to the needs of each patient. These options may include:

  • Medications: Dermatologists at Marengo may prescribe medications, such as topical creams or oral medications, to help stimulate hair growth and control the immune response.
  • Steroid Injections: In some cases, doctors may recommend injecting corticosteroids directly into the affected areas to reduce inflammation and promote hair regrowth.
  • Light Therapy: Light therapy, also known as phototherapy, involves exposing the scalp to specific wavelengths of light. This can help stimulate hair growth and modulate the immune system.
  • Supportive Therapies: Marengo Asia Hospitals also provide emotional support and counseling services to help patients cope with the psychological impact of hair loss. Support groups and educational resources are available to assist patients in understanding their condition and exploring coping strategies.

Follow-up and Monitoring:

Marengo Asia Hospitals emphasize ongoing care and monitoring to ensure the best possible outcomes for patients. Dermatologists and other healthcare professionals provide regular follow-up appointments to assess the progress of the treatment, make any necessary adjustments, and address any concerns or questions the patient may have.

Education and Awareness:

Marengo Asia Hospitals actively promotes awareness and education about alopecia areata. They organize workshops, awareness campaigns, and community outreach programs to provide information about the condition, its management, and available support resources.


Contact Us

Marengo CIMS Hospital
Off Science City Road, Sola, Ahmedabad – 380060
Gujarat, INDIA

24×7 Helpline +91 70 69 00 00 00
Phone: 079 4805 1200 or 1008
+91 79 2771 2771 or 72
Fax: +91 79 2771 2770
Mobile: +91 98250 66664 or +91 98250 66668
Ambulance: +91 98244 50000