Marengo CIMS Hospital is dedicated to providing comprehensive healthcare services and fostering patient well-being. As part of our commitment to patient education, we have developed the Marengo CIMS Hospital Medical Encyclopedia—an invaluable online resource designed to empower patients with knowledge about various medical conditions, treatments, and preventive measures. This encyclopedia serves as a trusted and accessible repository of medical information, allowing patients to make informed decisions regarding their health and collaborate more effectively with healthcare professionals.


Allergies affect a significant portion of the Indian population, causing discomfort and impacting daily life. Allergy prevention plays a crucial role in mitigating the risk of developing allergies and minimizing their impact.

Signs and Symptoms:

Allergies manifest in various ways, and their symptoms may differ from person to person. Common signs and symptoms of allergies include:

1. Respiratory Symptoms: Sneezing, runny or stuffy nose, coughing, wheezing, shortness of breath, and chest tightness.

2.Ocular Symptoms: Itchy, red, or watery eyes, and swollen eyelids.

3.Skin Symptoms: Itchy skin, rash, hives, and eczema.

4.Digestive Symptoms: Nausea, vomiting, abdominal pain, diarrhea, and food intolerances.

What Is Allergy Prevention?

Allergy prevention refers to proactive measures taken to reduce the risk of developing allergies or minimize their severity. It involves understanding allergens, controlling the environment, early introduction of allergenic foods, breastfeeding, immunotherapy, avoidance of irritants, and regular check-ups with allergists.

How Is Allergy Prevention Classified?

Allergy prevention strategies can be classified into primary and secondary prevention:

1.Primary Prevention: This focuses on preventing allergies from developing in the first place. It includes measures like reducing exposure to allergens during infancy, encouraging breastfeeding, and introducing allergenic foods early in a controlled manner.

2.Secondary Prevention: This aims to minimize the impact of existing allergies. It involves environmental control, allergen avoidance, immunotherapy, and regular monitoring to prevent allergic reactions.

Causes and Triggers:

Allergies are triggered by allergens, which are substances that induce an allergic response in susceptible individuals. Common allergens in India include:

1. Pollen: From trees, grasses, and weeds.

2. Dust Mites: Found in household dust, bedding, and upholstery.

3. Mold Spores: Common in damp environments, such as bathrooms and basements.

4. Animal Dander: Shed skin cells, fur, or feathers from pets.

5. Insect Allergens: Venom from bee stings or bites from mosquitoes and other insects.

6. Food Allergens: Common culprits include peanuts, tree nuts, milk, eggs, wheat, and seafood.

7. Medications: Some individuals may be allergic to certain medications, such as antibiotics or nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs).

Risk Factors with Examples:

Several risk factors can increase the likelihood of developing allergies in India. Examples of such risk factors include:

1. Family History: Having immediate family members with allergies increases the risk. For instance, if a parent has hay fever, their child may be prone to developing the condition.

2. Environmental Factors: Living in highly polluted areas or areas with high levels of allergens like pollen or dust mites can increase the risk of allergies.

3. Occupation: Certain occupations may expose individuals to allergens. For instance, farmers may be at a higher risk of developing allergies due to increased exposure to pollen

Types of Allergy Prevention:

1.Environmental Control: This involves reducing exposure to allergens in the environment. Measures include:

  • Pollen: Monitoring pollen forecasts, using air purifiers, and keeping windows closed during peak pollen times.
  • Dust Mites: Using allergen-proof covers, washing bedding frequently, and minimizing indoor humidity.
  • Mold: Fixing leaks, improving ventilation, and reducing dampness in the environment.
  • Pet Allergens: Creating pet-free zones, regular grooming, and cleaning surfaces to minimize dander.

2. Early Introduction of Allergenic Foods: Introducing allergenic foods to infants between 4 to 6 months of age, under medical guidance, may help prevent food allergies.

    3. Breastfeeding: Exclusive breastfeeding for the first six months can offer protection against certain allergies.

    4. Immunotherapy: Allergy shots or sublingual immunotherapy can desensitize individuals to specific allergens, reducing the severity of allergic reactions.

    Diagnostic Tests and Treatments:

    1.Skin Prick Test: Small amounts of allergens are pricked onto the skin to identify specific allergies.

    2.Blood Tests: These measure the presence of specific antibodies (IgE) to identify allergens causing allergic reactions.

    3.Patch Test: It helps diagnose contact dermatitis by applying small amounts of potential allergens to the skin.

    4.Elimination Diet: This involves systematically removing suspected allergenic foods from the diet and reintroducing them to identify specific food allergies.

    5.Medications: Antihistamines, nasal corticosteroids, bronchodilators, and epinephrine auto-injectors are commonly used to manage allergies and treat allergic reactions.

    Complications of Allergy Prevention Techniques:

    While allergy prevention techniques are generally safe, complications can arise. These can include adverse reactions to immunotherapy, incorrect interpretation of diagnostic tests, or ineffective allergen avoidance strategies. It is crucial to consult allergists or healthcare professionals to ensure proper guidance and management.

    Comprehensive Allergy Prevention Strategies:

    Marengo Asia Hospitals recognizes the importance of allergy prevention and adopts a holistic approach to minimize the risk of allergies in patients. Their comprehensive strategies include:

    1. Education and Awareness: The network conducts public awareness campaigns and educational programs to disseminate information about allergies, triggers, prevention measures, and early identification of symptoms. By empowering individuals with knowledge, they can take proactive steps to prevent allergies.

    2. Environmental Control: The hospitals provide guidance on creating allergen-free environments, including recommendations for dust mite control, mold prevention, and indoor air quality improvement. By implementing these measures, patients can significantly reduce their exposure to allergens.

    3. Allergen Avoidance: Marengo Asia Hospitals offers personalized advice on allergen avoidance, assisting patients in identifying specific triggers and providing practical solutions for minimizing exposure. This guidance spans various areas, such as pollen avoidance strategies, pet dander management, and food allergen avoidance.

    Cutting-Edge Diagnostic Capabilities:

    Marengo Asia Hospitals boasts state-of-the-art diagnostic facilities that enable accurate and efficient identification of allergies. The hospitals offers a range of diagnostic tests, including:

    1. Skin Prick Test: This test involves applying small amounts of common allergens to the skin and monitoring for localized reactions. It helps identify specific allergens causing allergic reactions.

    2. Blood Tests: The Hospitals utilizes advanced blood tests to measure specific antibodies (IgE) associated with various allergens. These tests aid in diagnosing allergies and provide valuable insights into the patient’s immune response.

    3. Patch Test: To diagnose contact dermatitis, the Hospitals performs patch tests by applying small amounts of potential allergens to the skin and monitoring for reactions. This helps identify substances causing allergic skin reactions.

    4. Elimination Diet: Marengo Asia Hospitals assists patients in implementing elimination diets, systematically removing suspected allergenic foods and reintroducing them gto identify specific food allergies. This approach helps tailor dietary plans for individuals with food sensitivities.

    Tailored Treatment and Ongoing Management:

    Marengo Asia Hospitals is renowned for its personalized treatment plans and ongoing management of allergies. The Hospital’s approach includes:

    1. Medication Management: Based on the diagnosis and individual patient needs, the network’s healthcare professionals prescribe appropriate medications to manage allergy symptoms effectively. These may include antihistamines, nasal corticosteroids, bronchodilators, and epinephrine auto-injectors for severe allergic reactions.

    2. Immunotherapy: Marengo Asia Hospitals offers immunotherapy services, including allergy shots or sublingual immunotherapy (under-the-tongue drops or tablets). These treatments aim to desensitize patients to specific allergens, thereby reducing the severity of allergic reactions over time.

    3. Allergy Emergency Care: The hospitals within Marengo Asia Hospitals are equipped to handle allergic emergencies. With specialized emergency departments and trained medical staff, they can promptly address severe allergic reactions, including anaphylaxis, ensuring the safety and well-being of patients.

    4. Follow-up and Education: The network emphasizes ongoing patient education, providing guidance on allergen avoidance, lifestyle modifications, and self-care strategies. Regular follow-up appointments allow healthcare professionals to monitor patients’ progress, adjust treatment plans as necessary, and offer support throughout the journey of allergy management.

    Marengo Asia Hospitals stands out as a leading healthcare provider in India when it comes to allergy prevention, diagnosis, and management. By offering comprehensive prevention strategies, state-of-the-art diagnostic capabilities, tailored treatments, and ongoing patient support, the network ensures that individuals receive optimal care for their allergies. Marengo Asia Hospitals commitment to education, cutting-edge technology, and compassionate healthcare professionals makes it a trusted partner for patients seeking effective allergy prevention and care across India.


    Contact Us

    Marengo CIMS Hospital
    Off Science City Road, Sola, Ahmedabad – 380060
    Gujarat, INDIA

    24×7 Helpline +91 70 69 00 00 00
    Phone: 079 4805 1200 or 1008
    +91 79 2771 2771 or 72
    Fax: +91 79 2771 2770
    Mobile: +91 98250 66664 or +91 98250 66668
    Ambulance: +91 98244 50000