Marengo CIMS Hospital is dedicated to providing comprehensive healthcare services and fostering patient well-being. As part of our commitment to patient education, we have developed the Marengo CIMS Hospital Medical Encyclopedia—an invaluable online resource designed to empower patients with knowledge about various medical conditions, treatments, and preventive measures. This encyclopedia serves as a trusted and accessible repository of medical information, allowing patients to make informed decisions regarding their health and collaborate more effectively with healthcare professionals.

Introduction :

Abortion is the medical termination of a pregnancy to remove the embryo or fetus from the uterus, resulting in the end of pregnancy. It can be a sensitive and complex topic, as personal beliefs, laws, and cultural factors vary across different regions and individuals.

Statistics of abortions in India:

Abortion in India is legal under certain circumstances and is governed by the Medical Termination of Pregnancy (MTP) Act of 1971. According to data from the National Family Health Survey (NFHS) conducted in 2015-16, it is estimated that around 15.6 million abortions occur in India each year. However, it’s important to note that obtaining accurate statistics on abortions can be challenging due to factors such as under-reporting, unsafe abortions, and variations in data collection methods.

Types of abortions:

  • Medical Abortion: Also known as non-surgical or medication abortion, this method involves the use of medications to induce abortion in the early stages of pregnancy. It typically involves a combination of two drugs, mifepristone and misoprostol. Mifepristone is taken first to block the hormone progesterone, which is necessary for maintaining pregnancy, and misoprostol is taken later to cause contractions and expel the pregnancy.

    Mifepristone, also known as RU-486 or the “abortion pill,” is a synthetic steroid medication. It works by blocking the hormone progesterone, which is necessary for maintaining the pregnancy. By inhibiting progesterone, mifepristone causes the lining of the uterus to break down, preventing the continued development of the embryo.

    Misoprostol is a prostaglandin analog, a medication that causes contractions of the uterus. It is typically used in combination with mifepristone to complete the medical abortion process. Misoprostol helps to expel the remaining pregnancy tissue from the uterus.

  • Surgical Abortion: Surgical abortion involves a minor surgical procedure to remove the pregnancy from the uterus. There are different types of surgical abortions, including:

a. Manual Vacuum Aspiration (MVA): This method uses a handheld syringe or a manual vacuum aspirator to suction out the pregnancy.

b. Electric Vacuum Aspiration (EVA): EVA is similar to MVA but utilizes an electric pump instead of a manual syringe for suction.

c. Dilation and Curettage (D&C): This procedure involves dilating the cervix and scraping the uterine lining with a curette to remove the pregnancy. A curette is a surgical instrument that is commonly used in medical procedures to scrape or remove tissue from body cavities or surfaces. It has a long, slender handle with a scoop-like or spoon-shaped tip.

Importance of safety during abortions:

Ensuring safety during abortions is of utmost importance to protect the health and well-being of the individual undergoing the procedure. Unsafe abortions can lead to severe complications, including infections, excessive bleeding, organ damage, and even death. It is crucial to seek abortion services from reputable healthcare providers who follow established medical protocols and maintain hygiene and safety standards.

Complications during abortions:

While complications from abortions are relatively rare, they can occur. Some potential complications include excessive bleeding, infection, incomplete abortion (where some pregnancy tissue remains in the uterus), damage to the uterus or other organs, and allergic reactions to medications used during the procedure. It is essential to have access to proper medical care and follow-up after an abortion to monitor and address any potential complications.

Steps to be taken when planning an abortion at a specialty hospital like Marengo Asia Hospitals in India:

When planning an abortion at a specialty hospital such as Marengo Asia Hospitals, it is advisable to follow these steps:

  • Consultation: Schedule an appointment with a qualified healthcare provider at Marengo Asia Hospitals to discuss your options, undergo a thorough examination, and determine the most suitable method of abortion based on your medical history and gestational age.

  • Counseling: Seek counseling services provided by Marengo Asia Hospitals to address any emotional or psychological concerns you may have regarding the abortion.

  • Consent: Provide informed consent for the procedure, ensuring you understand the potential risks, benefits, and alternatives to abortion.

  • Procedure: Undergo the abortion procedure as recommended by your healthcare provider at your preferred Marengo Asia Hospitals. The specific method will depend on factors such as gestational age and your overall health.

  • Follow-up care: Adhere to the post-abortion care instructions provided by your healthcare provider at one of Marengo Asia Hospitals in India. This may include taking prescribed medications, attending follow-up appointments, and seeking medical attention if you experience any concerning symptoms.

Post-care after abortion:

After an abortion, it is important to take care of your physical and emotional well-being. Here are some general guidelines for post-abortion care:

  • Rest: Take it easy and allow yourself time to recover. Get plenty of rest and avoid strenuous activities for a few days.

  • Pain management: Your healthcare provider may prescribe pain medication or recommend over-the-counter pain relievers to manage any discomfort or cramping.

  • Follow-up appointments: Attend all scheduled follow-up appointments with your doctor at Marengo Asia Hospitals in India to ensure your recovery is progressing well. They may perform examinations or tests to ensure the abortion was successful and to address any concerns.

  • Contraception: Discuss contraception options with your doctor at your Marengo Asia Hospitals provider to prevent unintended pregnancies in the future. They can help you choose a suitable method and provide guidance on its use.

  • Emotional support: It is common to experience a range of emotions after an abortion. Seek support from friends, family, or counseling services if needed. Most healthcare facilities at Marengo Asia Hospitals in India offer counseling services to help you cope with any emotional challenges.

  • Physical hygiene: Follow proper hygiene practices to prevent infection. Avoid inserting anything into the vagina (tampons, douches, etc.) for a specified period advised by your doctor or gynecologist at Marengo Asia Hospitals.

  • Recognize warning signs: Be aware of any abnormal symptoms or signs of complications such as heavy bleeding, severe abdominal pain, high fever, foul-smelling discharge, or prolonged emotional distress. Contact your doctor at Marengo Asia Hospitals immediately if you experience any of these symptoms and if it persists rush over to the nearest ER at your nearest Marengo Asia Hospitals.

It is important to note that the specific post-abortion care instructions may vary depending on the type of abortion procedure performed and individual circumstances. Always consult with your doctor at Marengo Asia Hospitals for personalized advice and follow their guidance for the best post-abortion care.


Contact Us

Marengo CIMS Hospital
Off Science City Road, Sola, Ahmedabad – 380060
Gujarat, INDIA

24x7 Helpline +91 70 69 00 00 00
Phone: 079 4805 1200 or 1008
+91 79 2771 2771 or 72
Fax: +91 79 2771 2770
Mobile: +91 98250 66664 or +91 98250 66668
Ambulance: +91 98244 50000
Email: info@cims.org